1 N. Canadensis Raf. Canadian Holly. Lvs. deciduous, oval, very entire, smooth, mucronate-pointed; ped. nearly solitary, long; fr. somewhat angular.- A shrub, 4-6f high, with smooth branches, growing in damp or rocky woods, Can., N. Eng. to Mich. Leaves oval or ovate-oblong, about 2' long, on petioles 1/3 as long. Flowers small, greenish-white; ped. 7 to 12" long. Segments of the corolla acute, long as the stamens. Ovary of the barren flowers pointed, of the fertile with a 4-lobed stigma. Berries dry, red. May, Jn. (Hex, Mx.)
2 N. ambigua. Lvs. oval, entire, mucronate, petiolate, glabrous both sides, ciliate on the margin when young; sterile fls. 4-parted, on slender, aggregated per duncles; fertile solitary, on very long peduncles.-Slopes near Flint R, Ga. Shrub 4 to 8f high. Lvs. small, 1 to 2' by 6" to 1'. Sterile pedicels less than 1' in length, fertile more than 1' when in fruit Berry 4 to 6-seeded, red. Mar., Apr. (Prinos ambiguus Mx.)
3. PRI'NOS, L Winter-berry. (Gr. to saw ; alluding to the serrated leaves.) Flowers small, habitually 6-parted and perfect,
1. SABBA'TIA, Adams. American Centaury. (In honor of Sab-bati, a distinguished Italian botanical author.) Calyx 5 to 12-parted; corolla rotate, limb 5 to 12-parted ; stamens 5 to 12 ; anthers erect, at length recurved, 2-celled, opening by chinks; style 2-parted, slender, deciduous; capsule 1-celled, the valves a little introflexed.- Slender herbs, very beautiful, with pedicellate, mostly roseate fls. All N. American.
§ Corolla mostly 9 (rerely 7 to 12)-parted, rose-red. LAPITHEA, Griseb...................
§ Corolla 5 (rarely 6)parted. True Sahhatia. (a)
a Branches alternate or forked.-Flowers white or nearly so............................,
- Flowers rose red, starred.................................
a Branches opposite. - Flowers white, corymbed.................................................
- Flowers rose-red, paniculate.............................................
1 S. gentianoides Ell. St. strict, terete, subsimple; lvs. longer than the inter-nodes, linear, rigid, erect, floral reflexed; fls. 8 to 10-parted, in small, terminal and axillary capitate cymes; cal. segm. subulate, shorter than the obovate-spatulate, obtuse petals.-Ponds in pine barrens, Ga. to La. and Tex. Plant 1 to 2f high. Lvs. 2 to 3' long. Fls. very handsome, deep rose-color, 16" diam. Aug. (Lapi-thea, Griseb.)
2 S. chloroides Ph. St. slender, weak, subterete; lvs. lanceolate, erect; branches few, alternate, 1-flowered; fls. 7 to 12-parted; sep. linear, shorter than the corolla. -Wet grounds, Mass., R. I. to Ga. and Fla. St. 2 to 3f high, somewhat angular. Lvs. 1 to 1 1/2' long, closely sessile, acute, veinless. Fls. solitary, terminal. Cor. nearly 2' diam., much larger than the calyx, bright purple with a yellow base. Jn.
3 S. calycosa Ph. St. erect, terete, fork-branched, rather rigid; lvs. oblong, 3-veined, obtuse; fls. solitary, 5 to 6-parted; cal. leafy lance-oblong, equaling or exceeding the corolla; pet. oblanceolate.-Fields and meadows, Va. to Ga. and La. St. a foot high, subangular, with spreading branches. Lvs. 1 to 2' long, sessile, mostly obtuse, oval, thin. Fls. on long, rigid peduncles, about 1' diam., pink colored. Sep. acute. Fruit as largo as a pea. Jn.-Sept.
4 S. paniculata Ell. St. terete, or slightly angled at base; internodes much exceeding the leaves; branches alternate; lvs. linear, the lower oval and rarely roundish ; panicle diffuse but its branches strict; cal. segm. linear-setaceous, 2 or 3 limes longer than its tube, twice shorter than the corolla; cor. segm. 5, obtuse.- Damp pine barrens, South, common. Much branched, 1 to 2f high. Lvs. 4 to 10" long. Fls. white, 1' diam. Jl.-Oct
5 S. gracilis Salisb. St. slightly angular, internodes twice longer than the leaves; brandies flaccid, 1-flowered, alternate, spreading; lvs. linear and lance-linear, the lowest lance-ovate; panicle diffuse, few-flowered; cal. segments linear-setaceous, about equaling the corolla; cor. 5-parted, lobes elliptic-oblong, obtuse.-Marshes and meadows, Penn. to Fla. and La. Very slender, 1 to 2f high, with long, almost filiform branches. Fls. terminal, subsolitary, 14" broad, on long peduncles. Jl, Aug.
6 S. stellaris Ph. St. somewhat angular, sparingly fork-branched, with long, 1-flowered branches; lvs. lanceolate and obovate-lanceolate, acute; cal. segm. linear, -varying in length but much shorter than the 5-parted corolla, the tube top-shaped, very short.-Marshes, Can. to Car. St. 3 to 15' high, often diffusely branched. Lvs. about 1' long, the upper almost linear. Fls. of a bright rose-color, with a yellow star bordered with deep red. Jl.-Sept. S. gracilis (Ell.), which it closely resembles.
7 S. corymbosa Baldwin. St. slightly 4-angled, internodes twice longer than the leaves; branches opposite; lvs. ovate.-lanceolate, 3-veined, aeutish, upper ones lanceolate; cyme fastigiate, terminal; cal segm. linear, 3 times longer than its tube, twice shorter than the corolla; cor. 5 to 6-parted, white, lobes obovate-olong, obtuse.-Pine barrens, N. J. to Ga. St. a loot high, branching near the summit. Lvs. an inch in length, closely sessile. Fls. few, generally 6-merous, white. Jn., Jl. (Chironia lanceolata Walt.)
8 S. macrophylla Hook. St. terete, glaucous; internodes twice longer than
1. SYM'PLOCOS, Jacq. (Gr. connected; referring to the stamens.) Calyx 5-cleft; corolla 5-parted, spreading, imbricated in bud ; stamens go, in 5 clusters, one attached to the base of each petal, filaments slender, anthers globular; ovary 3-celled, the lower half adherent ; drupe dry, with a 3-celled, mostly 1-secded nut.-Shrubs or trees, with axillary clusters or racemes of small yellow fls.
S. tinctoria L'Her. Lvs. oval or elliptical, acuminate, acute at base, thick, obseurely denticulate, puberulent beneath; fls. sessile, in axillary, dense clusters of 6 to 12; cal. lobes ovate, obtuse.-Va. to Fla. and La. A small tree 10 to 20f high. Lvs. mostly evergreen, crowded near the ends of the branches, 3 to 5' long, sweet to the taste, turning yellowish in drying, and affording a useful yellow dye. Fr. oblong-ovoid (5 to 6' long), crowned with the calyx teeth. Mar., Apr.
2. STY'RAX, Tourn. Calyx campanulate, truncate or 5-toothcd; corolla deeply 5-parted, much longer than the calyx; stamens 10, joined to the base of the corolla, filaments united into a short tube at base; anthers linear, erect; ovary adherent at base; fruit coriaceous 1-celled, mostly 1-secdcd. Shrubs with alternate lvs, and axillary racemes of white, drooping, showy fls.
1 S. pulverulenta Mx. Branchlets, pedicels, and calyx pulvcrulent-downy; lvs. broadly oval, obtuse, glandular-serrulate, rust-downy beneath; fls. axillary and 2 or 3 together at the end of the branchlets.-Va. to Fla. Shrub 2 to 3f high,-growing in clumps, wet places. Branches virgate. Lvs. small, about 1' by 8 to 9", nearly sessile. Ped. 2 to 3" long. Cal. hoary, with minute, sharp teeth. Pet. 6 ' long. Mar., Apr.
2 S. Americana Lam. Plant glabrous; lvs. oblong or elliptical acute at each end, wavy or remotely denticulate at edge; rac. leafy, few-flowered; pedicels shorter than or about as long as the flower; cal. turbinate, short.- Shrub with slender, straggling branches, 4 to 8f high, in swamps, Va. to Fla. and La. Lvs. 1 to 3' long. Rac. 3 to 5-flowered. Fls. 6 to 7" long, axillary, and partly naked. Cal. 1" long. Apr. (S. glabrum Mx.)
β. leve. Lvs. thicker; pedicels shorter than the flower; corolla downy.- Car. to La. The lvs. are often ovate. (S. leve Walt)
3 S. grandifolia Ait. Lvs. ample, broadly obovate, acute at base, short-acumi nate or acute, entire or dentate, hoary-tomentous beneath; rac. tomentous, naked, longer than the lvs., ∞-flowered.-Va. to Fla.. common. Shrub 6 to 12f high. Lvs. 3 to 6' by 2 to 5', the petioles only 3 to 4". Rac. often branched, 5 to 8'; cor. imbricated in bud, wide bell-shaped, longer than the pedicels. Apr., May.
β. grandidentata (Feay). Lvs. strongly dentate, smaller (2 to 3' by 1 to 2' pet. nearly as broad as long.-Ga.
3. HALE SIA, Ellis. Snowdrop Tree. (To the learned and venerable Stephen Hales, D.D., F.R.S., 1730.) Calyx obconic, briefly 4-lobed; corolla inserted into the calyx, campanulate, with a narrow base, 4-cleft or 4-parted ; stamens 8 to 12, connate into a tube below ; style filiform, pubescent; fruit dry, 4-wingcd, wings equal or alternately smaller ; seeds 1 to 3.-N. Am. shrubs or trees. Lvs. alternate, abruptly acuminate, finely denticulate or entire. Fls. in advance of the lvs. pendulous, in lateral clusters of 3 to 5, white, showy.
1 H. tetraptera L. Lvs. oblong-ovate; cor. (6" long) petals united more than halfway; sty. much exserted, twice longer than the 12 stamens; fil slightly united; fr. equally 4-winged.-Va. to Ky. to Fla. Shrub or small tree 10 to 20f high. Lvs. downy beneath, at length ample (2 to 5' by 1 to 3). Fls. in clusters of about 3, shorter than the pedicels. Apr., May.
2 H. diptera L. Lvs. oblong-obovate; cor. (V long), petals slightly united at base, oblong-obovate, style not exsert as long as the 8 stamens; fil united half way up; fr. 2-winged.-Woods, Car. to Fla, W. to Ark. Smaller large tree, usually
15 to 20f high. Prof. Pond describes one on the Ogeechee R., 45f high, trunk 18' diam. Mr. Buckley one in N. Car., whoso trunk measured 17f in circumference. Lvs. quite large (4 to 6 or 7' by 2 to 3'). Fls. in clusters of 3 to 5, on ped. 1 to 2' long. The 2-winged pods are near 2' long. It begins to bloom several weeks later than No. 1. Apr, (H, parviflora Mx,?)