2 S. (Vaccaria) vulgaris Mdik. Lvs. ovate, lanceolate, sessile; fls. in pan-niculate cymes; cal. pyramidal, 5-angled, smooth; bracts membranous, acute.-

Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 333 Gardens and cultivated grounds. Whole plant smooth, a foot or more high. Lvs. broadest at base, 1 - 2' long, 1/4 as wide, tapering to an acute apex. Fls. on long stalks, pale-red. Caps. 4-toothed. Sds. globous, black. July, Aug. § † Eur.

3. SILENE, L. Campion. (Silenus was a drunken divinity of the Greeks, covered with slaver, as these plants arc with a viscid secretion.) Calyx tubular, swelling, without scales at the base, 5-toothed; petals 5, unguiculate, often crowned with scales at the mouth, 2 or many-cleft, or entire; stamens 10; styles 3; capsule 3-celled, opening at top by 6 teeth, many-seeded.

$ Acanlescpnt, low, tufted. Perennial...........................................

.......No. 1

§ Caulescent. - Petals fringe-cleft, white or rose-color. Perennial..........................................

Nos 2 - 4

- Petals bifid or entire. - Calyx inflated, veiny. Perennial......................................

Nos. 5, 6

- Calyx close on the pod. (*)

* Flowers spicate, alternate. Annual.........................................................

...Nos. 7, 8

* Flowers nut spicate. - Petals pale, closed in sunshine......................................................

..Nos. 9, 10

- Petals red, purple, etc., - bifid...........................................

..Nos. 11, 12

-entire..............................

Nos. 13 - 15

1 S. acaulis L. Low and densely caespitous; lvs. linear, ciliate at base; ped. solitary. short, 1-flowered; cal. campanulate, slightly inflated; pet. obcordate, crowned.-Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 334 A little turfy plant, 1 - 3' high, on the White Mts., N. H., and throughout Arctic Am. Sts. scarcely any. Leaves numerous, 1/2' long. Fls. purple.

2 S. stellata Ait. Erect, pubescent; lvs. in whorls of 4s, oval-lanceolate, acuminate; cal. loose and inflated; petals fimbriate.-Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 335 An elegant plant, woods and prairies, Can. to Car., W. to Ill. and Ark. St. 2 - 3f high, paniculately cymous. Lvs. 2 - 3' long, 1/3 as wide, tapering to a long point, sessile. Cal. pale green, with more deeply colored veins. Petals white, lacerately fringed, claws webbed at base. Jl.

3 S. ovata Ph. Erect, puberulent; lvs. opposite, lance-ovate, acuminate; cal. ovate, not inflated; pet. many-cleft, crownless. - Virg. to Ga., rare. Sts. stout, 2 - 4f high, branched from the base. Lvs. 4 - 5' long, broadest at base. Claws of the white petals exserted from the short calyx, the limb deeply and repeatedly forked, with linear segments. Fil. long, exserted.

4 S. Baldwinii Nutt. Weak hairy; lvs. obovate-spatulate; calyx not inflated; pet. cuneiform, divaricately fimbriate. - River banks near Quincy, Fla. Sts. decumbent at base, 1 to 2f high. Lvs. few, much shorter than the internodes, 1 to 2' long, the upper elliptical, acute. Cyme of 3 to 5 largo (2' broad), pale rosc-colored flowers. Apr.

5 S. nivea DC. Minutely puberulent, erect, subsimple; lvs. oblong-lanceolate, acuminate; fls. few, solitary, leafy; cal. inflated; pet. 2-cleft, with a small bifid crown; caps. shorter than its stipe.-Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 336 In moist places, Penn.. Ohio, Ill.,-rare. St. slender, leafy, 1 1/3 to 3f high, generally forked near the top Lvs. 2 to 3' by 6 to 9", tapering to a very slender point, floral ones lance-ovate. Fls. 1 to 3. Cal. reticulated. Petals white.

6 S. inflata Smith. Bladder Campion'. Glabrous and glaucous; lvs. ovate-lanceolate; fls. in cymous, leafless panicles, drooping; cal. ovoid-globular, much inflated and netted; sty. long-exserted; caps. short-stiped. -Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 337 In pastures, about fences, Charlestown, Mass., etc. St. erect, about 2f high. Lvs. 1 1/2 to 3' long, 1/4 as wide, rather acuminate. Petals white, cleft half way down. Cal. with pale purple veins. Jl. - The young shoots and leaves may be used as a substitute for Asparagus. § Eur.

7 S. quinquevulnera L. Branched, villous; lvs. oblong-spatulate, obtuse, the highest linear; spike somewhat one sided; cal. very villous; petals roundish, entire, crowned.-Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 338 About Charleston, S. C. A foot high. Petals pink or crimson, with the border pale-purple. Jl. § Eur.

8 S. nocturna L. St. branching, hairy below; lvs. pubescent with long ciliae at base, lower ones spatulate, upper lance-linear; fls. appressed to the stem in a dense one sided spike; cal. cylindrical, almost glabrous, reticulated between the veins; pet. narrow, 2-parted.-Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 339 Near New Haven, Ct. (Robbins) to Penn., Va. Fls. white, greenish beneath. Jl. † § Eur.

9 S. Antirrhina L. Snap-dragon Catch-fly. Nearly smooth, erect, branched above; lvs. lanceolate, acute, the upper linear; fls. few, on slender pedicels or branches; cal. ovoid; pet. emarginate.-Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 340 Road sides and dry soils, Can. and U. S. St. slender, branching, with opposite leaves, about a foot in height. Lvs. about 2' long, the upper ones very narrow, all sessile, and scabrous on the margin. A few of the upper internodes are viscidly pubescent above their middle. Fls. small, red, in loose, erect cymes. Jl.

β linaria. Very slender; lvs. all linear except the lowest, which are linear-spatulate; cal. globular. Ga. and Fla.

10 S. noctiflora L. Viscid-pubescent; st. erect, branching; lower lvs. spatulate, upper linear; cal. cylindrical, ventricous, the alternate veins veinleted, teeth subulate, very long; petals 2-parted.-Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 341 Cultivated grounds. Fls. rather large, white, expanding only in the evening, and in cloudy weather, † § Eur.

11 S. Virginica L. Viscid-pubescent; st. procumbent or erect, branching; root-lvs. spatulate, cauline oblong-lanceolate; fls. large, cymous, cal. large, clavate; pet. bifid, broad, crowned.-Caryopiiyllaceae Pinkworts Part 2 342 Gardens and fields, Penn. to Ga. St. 1 to 2f high, often procumbent at base. Lvs. a little rough at the margin. Cymes dichotomous. Sta. and pistils exserted. Petals large, red. Jn. †

12 S. rotundifolia Nutt. Pubescent, weak, decumbent, branching; lvs. thin, roundish-oval; fls. solitary, very large; cal. cylindric-campanulate; pet. bifid, crowned - Rocks, Western States, rare. Lvs. 1 to 3' by 1 to 2', the upper sub-orbicular. Petals deep scarlet. Jn., Aug.