Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 732 Stamens 5, triadelphous. Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 733 Stigmas 3; fruit a berry, ovoid, small, many-seeded. - Tendrils simple, filiform.

M. pendula L. Lvs. roundish, cordate, 5-lobed or angled, pointed, slightly hispid: fls. axillary, the sterile in small racemes, the fertile solitary, on long peduncles.- N. Y. to Ga. and La. A delicately slender vine, climbing over other plants. Lvs. small (1 to 2' diam.) Fls. small, yellowish. Sty. short, surrounded by a cup-shaped disk. Fr. small, oval. Jl.

6. CUCUR'BITA, L. Squash. (A Latin word, signifying a vessel; from the form of the fruit.) Fls.Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 734 . Corolla campanulate; petals united and coherent with the calyx. Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 735 Calyx 5-toothed; stamens 5, triadelphous, anthers syngenecious, straight, parallel. Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 736 Calyx 5-toothed, upper part deciduous after flowering; stigmas 3, thick, 2-lobed; pepo fleshy or ligneous, 3 to 5-celled; seeds thickened at margin, obo-vate, compressed, smooth. - Fls. mostly yellow.

1 C. pepo L. Pumpkin. Hispid and scabrous; st. procumbent; tendrils branched; lvs. (very large) cordate, palmately 5-lobed or angled, denticulate; fls. axillary,Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 737 long-pedunculate; fr. very large, roundish or oblong, smooth, furrowed and torulous. - Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 738 Fields. Long cultivated as a useful kitchen vegetable or for cattle. Fls. large, yellow. Fr. sometimes 3f diam., yellow when mature, yielding sugar abundantly. Jl. ‡ Levant.

2 C. Melopepo L. Flat Squash. Hairy; st. procumbent, with branched tendrils; lvs. cordate, palmately somewhat 5-lobed, denticulate; fls. pedunculate; fr. depressed-orbicular, the margin mostly torulous or tumid, smooth or warty. - Gardens. Cultivated for its fruit, a well known kitchen vegetable. There are many varieties in respect to the fruit. ‡ Nativity?

3 C. verrucosa L. Warted Squash. Crook-neck Squash, etc. Hairy, procumbent, lvs. cordate, palmately and deeply 5-lobed, denticulate, terminal lobe narrowed at base; fls. pedunculate, large; fr. roundish elliptic or clavate, often elongated and incurved at base.-Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 739 Mentioned by Nuttall as long cultivated by the Indians W. of the Mississippi. Common in our gardens, with numerous well known varieties of the fruit. Jl. ‡

7. CITRUL'LUS, Neck. Watermelon. (Lat. citrus, an orange.) Calyx deeply 5-cleft, segments linear-lanceolate; petals 5, united at base and adnate to the bottom of the calyx; stamens 5, triadelphous; style trifid; stigmas convex, reniform-cordatc; fruit subglobous, fleshy, the succulent placentae filling the cell; seeds colored, numerous, truncate at base and obtuse on the margin.

C. vulgaris Schrad. Hirsute; st. prostrate, slender; lvs. somewhat 5-lobed, the lobes obtusely sinuate-pinnatifid, glaucous beneath; fls. solitary, pedunculate, with a single bract; fr. globous or oval, smooth, stellate-maculate. - Extensively cultivated for its well-known delicious, cooling fruit. Fl. Jn. - Aug. Fr. Aug., Sept. - A variety is the citron, a smaller fruit with thicker and firmer rind ‡ India. Afr.

8. CU'CUMIS, L. Cucumber. (Celtic cuce, a hollow vessel?) FlowersCucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 740 or Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 741 . Calyx tubular-campanulate, with subulate segments; corolla deeply 5-parted. Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 742 Stamens 5, triadelphous. Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 743 Style short; stigmas 3, thick, 2-lobed; pepo fleshy, indehiscent; seeds ovate, flat, acute, and not margined at the edge. - Creeping or climbing by ten, drils. Fls. axillary, solitary, yellow.

1 C. sativus L. Cucumber. St prostrate, rough; tendrils simple; lvs, subcordate, broad as long, palmately 5-angled or lobed, lobes subentire, acute, terminal one longest; fr. oblong, obtusely prismatic, prickly, on a short peduncle. -Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 744 First brought to England in 1573. It is now universally cultivated for the table, either fresh or pickled. Gathered and eaten before maturity. Jn. - Sept. Many varieties.

2 C. Melo L. Musk Melon. St. prostrate, rough, tendrils simple; lvs. subcordate, roundish, obtuse, palmately 5-angled, lobes rounded, obtuse, obscurely

denticulate; fls.Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 745 , the Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 746 on short peduncles; fr. oval or subglobous, smooth, longitudinally torulous. - Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 747 Native of Asia, whence it was first brought to England in 1570. Generally cultivated for the juicy, yellowish, delicately flavored flesh of the mature fruit. Jn., Jl. Varieties numerous.

3 C. Anguria L. Prickly Cucumber. St. prostrate, slender, hispid; tendrils simple; lvs. palmately and deeply sinuate-lobed, cordate at base; fr. oval-ovoid, or subglobous, echinate. -Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 748 Cultivated lor the green fruit, which is about the size of a hen's egg, and used for pickles. Jl., Aug. ‡ Jamaica.

4 C. Colocynthis L. Colocynth. St. prostrate, subhispid; lvs. cordate-ovate, cleft into many obtuse lobes, hairy-canescent beneath; tendrils short; fls. axillary, pedunculate;Cucurbitaceae Cucurbits Continued 749 with a globous, hispid cal. tube and campanulate limb, with small petals; fr. globous, yellow when ripe, about as large as an orange, and intolerably bitter. - The extract is the colocynth of the shops, poisonous, but medicinal. † From Turkey.

5 C. anguinus L. Serpent Cucumber. Sts. climbing; lvs. 3 to 5-lobed, repand-dentate; tendrils forked; fr. very long. smooth, cylindrical, coiled. - Cultivated for the curiosity of the long, snake-like fruit. † E. Ind.