1 C. umbellata Nutt. Prince's Pine. Lvs. cuneate-lanceolate, serrate, in 4s- Gs; umbel 4 to 7-flowered; bracts linear-subulate: sty. immersed in the ovary.-
In dry woods, flowering in July. A common, little evergreen, Can. and N. States. Leaves in 2 or more irregular whorls, 2-3' long, 1/4 as wide, remotely and distinctly serrate, on short petioles, coriaceous, shining, of a uniform dark green color. Peduncle terminal, erect, 3-4' long, bearing 4-7 light purple flowers on nodding pedicels 8" long. Jl.-Both this and the following species are tonic and diuretic (Bw.)
2 C. maculata Pursli. Lvs. lanceolate, acuminate, rounded at base, remotely ser-tale, discolored, opposite or in 3s; ped. 2-3-fiowerrd; fil. woolly.-Can. to Car.
. and Tenn., in sandy woods. Habit much like the last, but it is readily distinguished by its variegated leaves. Stem 3-4' high. Leaves 1-2' long, 1/3 as wide, marked with a whitish streak along the midvein and veiulets. Flowers purplish-white, on nodding pedicels. Jm, Jl.
Suborder V. GALACINEae.
28. GALAX, L. Beetle-weed. (Gr. milk; referring probably to its milk-white flowers.) Calyx of 5 distinct, persistent sepals; corolla of 5, oblong-obovate, distinct petals; stamens hypogynous, filaments 10, united into a tube with as many teeth, those opposite the petals sterile, anthers 5, 1-celled opening across the top ; capsule 3-celled ; seeds 00, inclosed in a loose, cellular testa.- Roots tufted, creeping, deep red, sending up roundish-cordate, long-stalked, glabrous lvs. and a scape bearing a dense raceme of white fls.
C. aphylla L. Damp, mountain woods, Md. (Mr. Shriver) to Tenn. (at Cumberland Gap), and S. Car. Lvs. large (2 to 3' diam.), crenate-dentate, often renifonn. Scape 1 to 2f high, naked except a mass of red scales at the base. Spike several inches long, milk-white. Jl, Aug.
Suborder VI. MONOTROPEae.
29. MONOT'ROPA, L. Indian Pipe. Pine Sap. (Gr. one, to turn; i. e., turned one way.) Calyx of 1 to 5 bract-like sepals ; petals 4 to 5, connivent in a beil-shaped corolla, gibbous at base; stamens 8 to 10 ; anthers opening transversely at apex ; stigma discoid, 5-rayed ; capsule 4 to 5-celled, 4 to 5-valved; seeds numerous, minute. -Low, parasitic herbs, of a white or tawny color, furnished with scalelike bracts instead of leaves.
§ Sepals (or bracts) 1 to 3. Flower solitary, scentless. Style very short........
§ Sepals 4 or 5. Flowers in a secund raceme, fragrant. Style long..........
1 M. uniflora L. INdian Pipe, Bird's Nest. St. short; scales approximate; fl nodding; fr. erect.-Common in woods, Can. and U. S. A small, succulent plant, about 6' high, of a dirty white in all its parts. St. furnished with sessile, lanceolate, semi-transparent lvs. or bracts, and bearing a large, terminal flower, sessile and nodding on the reflexed top. Common in woods, near the base of trees on whose roots it is doubtless parasitic. Jn.-Sept.-In the southern plant the flower is more or les3 pedunculate.
2 M. Hypopytis L. Pine Sap. Bird's Nest. More or less downy; pedicels as long as the flower; cap3 subglobous.-Woods, N. Y., Can. to Car. W. to Wise. The whole plant is of a tawny white or reddish color. Root a tangled ball of libers. Scape 6-10' high, with many concave scales, covered with down. Fls. 7-12, in a terminal raceme, drooping at first, becoming erect Pedicels 1-2" long, bracts and flowers 3 times as long. Only the terminal flower is generally decandrous; the lateral ones havo 8 stamens and 4 petals. Aug.
30. SCHWEINIT'ZIA, Ell. Carolina Beech-drops. (To Rev. Lewis de Schweinitz, of N. C, a pioneer botanist.) Calyx persistent, of 5 erect, ovate-acuminate sepals; corolla persistent, campanulate, limb 5-lobed; stamens 10, anthers awnless, opening by pores at apex; style thick, stigma large, 5-angled, capsule 5-celled, 5-valved; seeds numerous, minute.-Plant leafless, brownish. Fls. subsessile, capitate, reddish white, with the odor of the violet.
S. odorata Ell. Rich, shady soils, Md. to N. Car. (Curtis). Plant 3 to 4' high, with the habit of Monotropa. Feb.. Mar.
31. PTEROS'PORA, Nutt. Albany Beech-drops.-(Gr. a wing, a seed ; alludiug to the winged seeds.) Calyx 5-parted ; corolla urceolate, roundish-ovoid, the limb 5-toothed and reflexed; stamens 10, anthers peltate, 2-celled, 2-awned, opening lengthwise; capsule 5-celled, 5-valved; seeds very numerous, minute, winged at the apex.- Plant leafless, brownish-red. Fls. racemed, white, resembling those of Andromeda.
P. andromedea Nutt. In various parts of N. Y. and Vt, rare. First discovered by Dr. D. S. C. H. Smith, near Niagara Falls, 1816. Scape 12 to 30' high, dark purple, clothed with short, viscid wool. Rac. 6 to 12' long, with 50 or more nodding fls. Pedicels irregularly scattered, 6 to 8" long, axillary to long, linear bracts. Cor. shorter than the pedicels, somewhat campanulate, open at the throat. Jl (Monotropa procera Ea.)