3 V. stamineum L. Deerberry. Lvs. oval-lanceolato, acute, dull, glaucous beneath; pedicels solitary, axillary, nodding,- cor. campanulate-spreading, segm. acute, oblong; anth. 10, with the long tubes exserted and 2 awns at their base.- Dry woods, Can. to Fla. and La. Shrub 2 to 3f high, very branching. Lvs 1 to 2' long, mostly rounded at base, and on very short petioles, those on the slender flowering branches very much smaller. Cor. white. Stam. conspicuously exserted, but shorter than the style. Berries large, greenish white, bitter. May, Jn. (V. elevatum Banks.)-Varies with the leaves beneath nearly white to green, smooth to pubescent, and with smaller flowers.
4 V. arboreum Mx. Lvs. obovate, aeuto and short-petioled at base, mueronate and glandular-serrulate or entire, veiny, shining above, pale green and subpu-bescent beneath; pedicels axillary to bracts, secund, in leafy racemes; cor. cy-lindrie-bell-shaped; anth. 10, included, 2-awned.-Woods, N. Car. to Fla. Shrub or small tree, 8 to 20f high. Lvs. usually small, rather thick, 1' to 18" long. Fls. numerous, elegant, rose-white, half as long as their pedicels. Berries black, dryish, ripening but few seeds. May, Jn.-(V. myrtilloides ? Ell. with the bracts enlarged to lvs. in fruit.)
5 V. Vitis-Idaea L. Decumbent, much branched, smooth, evergreen; lvs. oval, thick, margin revolute, obtuse, small, dark green above, pale beneath; fls. solitary or in short clusters, 4-parted; cor. campanulate.-Summits of the White Mt3. N. II., also rocky hills, E. Mass. and Me. Sts. 3 to 6' long. Lvs. crowded, 4 to 1" long, channeled along the midvein above. Fr. small, mealy, sour. Jn., Jl.
6 V. Myrsinites Mx. Erect, much branched; lvs. small, elliptical, acute at each end, glabrous, serrulate; fls. in small, lateral clusters of 2 to 5; cor. ovoid, urcec-late; sty. slightly exserted.-A beautiful little shrub 1 to 2f high, common in woods, N. Car. to Fla. Branches greenish. Lvs. 3 to 5" long, varying from elliptic to obovate or roundish, perennial, often purplish. Cal. purple, cor. rose-colored. Fr. rather large, bluish black, sweet, pulpy, many-seeded. Mar., Apr.
7 V. myrtifolium Mx. St. simple, decumbent at base, from long, creeping roots; bark green, puberulent above; lvs. cuneate-obovate, or oval, pale and with scattered glandular hairs beneath; fls. in dense, sessile, lateral clusters of 6 to 12; cor. oblong-cylindric; anth. unawned.-S. Car. to Fla. Sts. If high. Lvs. scattered, 1 to 2' long, obtuse or acute, taperirg to a short petiole. Berries small, pedicellate, globous, black. Mar., Apr.
8 V. Canadense Rich. Branches reddish-green, pubescent, leafy; lvs. subsessile, elliptic-lanceolate or oblong, acuto at each end, villous beneath, tomentous on the veins above, entire; rac. fasciculate, sessile, subterminal; cor. campanulate; cal. lobes acute.-A shrub 8 to 12' high, not uncommon in rocky fields and thickets, Can., Me., N. H. to Wis. and the R. Mts. Lvs. 8 to 12" by 3 to 5". Fls. about.
3" long. Sty. and stam. included. Berries blue and sweet, similar to those of No. 9. May.
9 V. Pennsylvanicum Lam. Common Low Blueberry.-Branches green, with 2 pubescent lines; lvs. subsessile, crowded, elliptic-oblong, acute at each end, minutely serrulate, thin, glabrous, and shining, with the veins beneath pube-rulent; fls. in short, bracteate, dense, subterminal racemes; cor. ovoid-c3'lindrical. -Thickets and pastures in hard soils, Can. to Penn, common in N. Eng. A low under-shrub, 6-12' high, growing in dense patches. Leaves 8-12" by 4-6". Flowers reddish-white, 3" long. Bracts mostly colored. Berries large, blue, sweet and nutritious. May. (V. tenellum Ph.)
β. nigrum. Lvs. dark green; berries black and shining, destitute of bloom.-
With variety a. (V. ligustrinum Ph. ?) γ. alpinum. Dwarf, decumbent; lvs. very small (3 to 4" long), narrow-oblanceolate.-Summits of the White Mts. with No. 5 (V. angustifolium Ait.)
10 V. vacillans Poland. Low, bushy; lvs. oval, elliptical or ovate, acute or mucronate, pale green, dull, glaucous beneath, at length glabrous, minutely serrulate ; rac. dense-flowered, preceding the full-grown lvs.; fls. a little longer than the pedicels; cor. ovoid-cylindric, slightly contracted at the mouth.-Hilly woodlands, N. Eng., N. Y., Penn. to Clinch ML, Tenn. Shrub 1 to 2 1/2f high, with greenish branches. Lvs. 1' to 18" long, corolla 4", reddish white. Berries bluish black, sweet. May, Jn.
11 V. corymbosum L. Common High Blueberry. Tall; flowering branches nearly leafless; lvs. oblong-oval or elliptical-lanceolate, acute or acuminate at each end, entire, pubescent when .young, often glaucous beneath; rac. short, sessile; cor. ovoid-cylindrical.-A tall shrub, 5 to 10f high, growing in shady swamps, copses, hedges, etc. Can. to Fla. Branches green or purplish. Lvs. 1 to 2' long, usually with a slight pubcscenco on the veins beneath. Fls. numerous, nodding, generally appearing in advance of the leaves. Corolla large for the genus (5" long) purplish white. Stam. included, sty. often exserted. Berries large, black, often with a tinge of purple, subacid. Mar.-Jn.-Varies exceedingly. Some of its more striking varieties are
β. virgatum. Branches short, entirely naked when in flower; rac. numerous, cor. oblong-ovoid, angular, bright rose-color.-Common southward. Sta. 4 to 6f high (V. virgatum Ph. ?) y. amŒnum. Lvs. oblong; cor. cylindrical, large, reddish white; style included.-Shrub 6 to 1 Of high. Berries black.
6. fuscatum. Lvs. serrulate, glabrous; pedicels elongated; style exserted.- A smaller shrub with corollas red and white, striped. Calyx brown.
є. glabrum. Plant glabrous throughout.-Not common.
12 V. galezans Mx. Flowering branches leafy; lvs. sessile, cuneate-lanceolate, subserrate, veiny, glabrous when old; fls. in small, sessile fascicles; cor. ovoid, much contracted at the mouth; stylo exserted.-Swampy woods, Va. (Pursh) to Ga. and La. Sts. If to 18' high, green with a reddish or yellowish tinge. Young lvs. also reddish. Cor. small, yellowish white. Berries small, black. A few lvs. are sometimes persistent. Apr., May.