13 V. hirsutum Buckley. Whole plant, with fls. and fruit, densely hirsute; rac. small, axillary and terminal; lvs. deciduous, ovate, entire, mucronate, subsessile, cor. oblong, nearly closed at throat, with 5 short teeth; anth. awnless, included; fil. and stylo hairy; berry globous, ∞-seeded.-Mts. N. Car. (Buckley). Bush much branched, If high.
3. OXYCOC'CUS, Pers. Cranberry. (Gr. acid, berry.) Calyx adherent to the ovary, 4-cleft; corolla 4-parted, with narrow, reflexed segments; stam. 8, convergent; anthers tubular, 2-parted, opening by oblique pores; berry globous, 4-celled, many-seeded. -Shrubs, with alternate lvs. and red and purple berries.
* Stem erect, with membranous, deculous leaves.
* Stem prostrate, slender; leaves evenrreen, small.
Nos. 2, 3
1 O. erythrocarpus Ell. Lvs. oval, acuminate, thin, ciliate-serrulate; fls. axillary, solitary, the long segments at length reflexed.-Mts. of Va. and Car. Stswith divaricate branches, 1 to 3f high. Lvs. much larger than in the other spu-cies, veins beneath pubescent. Berries globular, scarlet, translucent. Jn.
2 O. palustris Pers. St. filiform, prostrate; lvs. ovate, entire, revolute on the margin; pedicels terminal, 1-flowered; segments of the corolla ovate.-A prostrate under-shrub, found in Alpine bogs, Brit. Am. and N. States. Stems creeping extensively, smooth, purple, with erect branches. Lvs. very small (2 to 3" long), exactly ovate. Fls. several together on the summits of the branches. Pedicels an inch in length, with 2 nearly opposite bracts in the middle. Cor. fight pink. Stamens purple. Fruit smaller than in the next species, crimson, ripe in Oct. Fls. in June.
3 O. macrocarpus Pers. St. creeping, filiform; lvs. oblong, obtuse at each end, edges revolute, glaucous beneath; pedicels axillary, elongated, 1-flowered; segments of the corolla linear-lanceolate.-Sphagnous swamps Va. to the Arc. Ocean. Stems 8-15' in length, brown, with ascending branches. Lvs. numerous, 4-6" by 2-3", rounded at each end, on very short petioles, smooth both sides. Fls. flesh-colored, pedicels 5-15" long, solitary in the axils of the upper leaves. Berry large, bright scarlet, ripe in Oct. Fls. in June.
4. CHIOG'ENES, Salisb. (Gr. snow, offspring; in allusion to its evergreen habit.) Calyx 4-clcft, persistent; cor. broadly campanulate, limb deeply 4-cleft; stam. 8, included, filaments very broad and short, anther cells distinct, awnless on the back, bicuspidate at apex, opening longitudinally; ovary adherent, except at the summit, 4-celled; fruit white, 4-celled, many-seeded.-A prostrate, evergreen undershrub, with alternate leaves. Fls. solitary, axillary. (Fig. 38.)
C. hispidula Torr. & Gr. A delicate woody creeper, in old shady woods, mountains, N. Eng. to Newfoundland, W. to the R. Mts. Stems ligneous, slender, creeping extensively, with numerous branches, and clothed with short, appressed, reddish hairs. Leaves numerous, alternate, and roundish-oval, 4-6" by 3-4", abruptly acute, dark evergreen above, paler beneath. Cor. white, its parts in 4s. The leaves and white berries have an agreeable spicy flavor like those of Gaul-theria procumbens. (Vaccinium L.) May, Jn.
Suborder II. ERICINEae. The Heath Tribe.
5. ERI'CA, L. Heath. Heather. (Gr. to break; in allusion to the brittleness of the branches and stems.) Calyx 4-cleft; cor. tubular, globous, ovoid, urceolate, campanulate or hypocrateriform, limb short, 4-lobed; stam. 8; style filiform; caps. 4, rarely 8-celled, 4-valved, loculicidal; seeds 2-∞ in each cell, affixed to the axillary placentae, usually conformed to the smoothish or shining testa;-European, or chiefly South African shrubs, branching, mostly brittle. Lvs. linear, acerous, margin revolute, verticillate, rarely alternate. Fls. axillary, solitary, verticillate, or terminal, corymbous or capitate, mostly nodding. Cor. of the cyanic series, from purple through red to white, very rarely orange or yellow.
Obs. Of this vast and beautiful genus, 429 species are described by Mr. Bentham In the Pro-drotnus of DC, Part vii., pp. 613-693. All these species have been cultivated in Europe, and many in this country, but their successful culture is attended with more care than that of most other plants, and they have never as yet received general attention. To describe so few species as the wmits of this work would permit, where so many are rarely and none generally met with, would be of little satisfaction to the student.
6. KAL MIA, L. American Laurel. (Named by Linnaeus in honor of Peter Kalm, Prof, at Abo, Finland.) Calyx 5-parted, corolla with 10 prominences beneath and 10 corresponding cavities within, including the 10 anthers ; border 5-lobed ; filam. elastic; capsule 5-celled, many-seeded.-Beautiful shrubs, natives of N. America. Lvs. entire, evergreen, coriaceous. Fls. in racemous corymbs, white and red.
* Flowers in terminal corymbs. Lvs thick, mostly acute..............................
Nos. 1, 2
* Flowers in lateral corymbs. Leaves obtuse..............................
Nos. 3, 4
* Flowers solitary, axillary. Calyx elongated, deciduous..........................
1 K. latifolia L. Calico Bush. Spoon-wood. Lvs. alternate and ternate, oval-lanceolate, acute at each end, smooth and green on both sides; corymbs terminal, viscidly pubescent.-A profusely flowering shrub, sometimes attaining the height ' of a small tree. It is found in all the Atlantic States from Maine to Fla., and W. to Ohio and Ky. in woods. "Wood crooked, fine-grained and compact. Leaves
2-3' long, smooth and shining, acute at each end and entire. Flowers in splendid corymbs, white or variously tinged with red, abundant. Corolla with a spreading limb 9-10" diam. and a 5-lobed margin. The leaves are narcotic and poisonous to some animals. May, Jn.
2 K. glauca Ait. Swamp Laurel. Branches ancipitous; Ivs. opposite, subsessile, lanceolate, polished, glaucous beneath, revolute at the margin; corymbs terminal, the peduncles and bracts smooth.-A delicate shrub, 2f high, found in swamps, etc., Penn., Ky., N. Eng., N. to Arc. Am. Stem slender, the branches distinctly 2-edged by an elevated ridge extending from the base of each opposite leaf to the next node below. Lvs. smooth and shining, white underneath, and 1' in length. Fls. 8-10 in each corymb. Corolla about 1/2' diam., pale purple. June.