R. Canadensis L. A handsome, flowering shrub, in bogs, mountain or plain. Can. to Penn., frequent. Sterns 2-3f high, clothed with a smooth, brown bark, each dividing at top into several erect, flowering branches. Each branch, while yet naked of foliage, bears a terminal cluster of 3-5 sessile flowers. Corolla 1' long, about equaling the deflected stamens and style. Leaves obovate-oblong. downy-canescent beneath. Apr., May.
18. BEFA'RIA, Mut. (So named by Mutis, in honor of Bejar, a Spanish botanist.) Flowers heptamerous; calyx 7-toothed, campanu-late; corolla of 7 distinct petals; stamens 14; capsule 7-celled, 7-valved, many-seeded.-Small shrubs, often viscid-hairy, with alternate, entire lvs. and flowers in dense, racemous panicles. (Bejaria, A. Juss.)
B. racemosa Vent. Branches hispid and glutinous: lvs. ovate-lanceolate, glabrous ; fl3. in a terminal, paniculate raceme.-Sandy margins of swamps and ponds, E. Ga. and Fla., and the adjacent Islands. A handsome evergreen shrub, 3 to 4f high. Lvs. very entire, erect 1 to 2' long. Fls. on slender pedicels, white, tinged with red, petals oblonj-obovate, spreading near 2'. Jn., Jl.
19. LEDUM, L. Labrador Tea. (The Gr. name of the Cistus.) Calyx minute, 4-toothed ; corolla 5-petaled, spreading ; stamens 5 -10, exserted; anthers opening by 2 terminal pores; capsule 5-celled, 5-valved ; opening at the base.-Shrubs. Lvs. alternate, evergreen, entire, ferruginous-tomentous beneath, coriaceous. Fls. in terminal corymbs, white.
L. palustre (and L. latifolium Ait.) Lvs. elliptic-oblong or oblong-linear; sta. 5-10, more or less exserted.-Mountain bogs, Penn. to Lab. and Greenland.
White Mts.! Not uncommon. A shrub 2-3f high, readily known by its leaves, which are smooth above, clothed beneath with a dense, ferruginous down, and strongly revolute or replicate at the margin. Petioles and younger twigs also downy. Leaves 1-2' long, nearly 1/3 as wide. Corymbs terminal, of about a dozen white fls. July.
β. angustifolium. Lvs. narrower, almost linear; sta. mostly 10.
20. LEIOPHYL'LUM, Pers. Sand Myrtle. (Gr smooth,
leaf.) Calyx 5-parted, equaling the length of the capsule; pet. 5, ovate oblong, spreading; sts. 10, exserted; fil. subulate ; cells of anthers dehiscing by a lateral cleft; ovary globous; sty. filiform ; caps. 3-celled, 3-valved, many-seeded.-Small, smooth shrubs, with erect branches. Lvs. alternate, entire, oval, coriaceous. Corymbs terminal.
L. buarifolium Ell.-Pine barrens, N. J. to Car. Shrub 8-12' high, much branched. Leaves 4-5" by 2-3", very smooth and shining, margin strongly revolute. Flowers numerous and small. May, June.
21. CLE'THRA, Gaert. Sweet Pepper -bush. (Gr. name of the Alder, which these plants somewhat resemble.) Calyx 5-parted, persistent; petals 5, distinct, obovate; stamens 10, exserted, anthers suspended in the bud, at length erect; style persistent, stigma 3-cleft; capsule 3-celled, 3-valved, co-seeded, enclosed by the calyx.-Shrubs and trees. Lvs. alternate, petiolate. Fls. white, in downy-canescent racemes. Bracts deciduous.
1 C. alnifolia L. Lvs. cuneiform-obovate, acute, acuminately serrate, green on both sides, smooth or slightly pubescent beneath; fls. in terminal, elongated, simple or branched racemes; bracts subulate.-A deciduous shrub 3 to 8f high, in swamps. E. Can. to Ga. Lvs. 2 to 3' long, 1/2 as broad above, with a long, wedge-shaped base, tapering into a short petiole. Rac. 3 to 5' long. Ped. and cal. hoary-pubescent, the former 2" in length, and in the axil of a bract about as long. Cor. white, spreading, sweet-scented. Jl., Aug.
β. tomentosa. Lvs. downy or tomentous beneath; rac. slender, often somewhat paniculate; fls. smaller.-Common in the South. Apr.-Jn. (C. tomentosa Lam.) y. scabra. Lvs. coarsely serrate, scabrous both sides.-Near Bainbridge, Ga. Rac. and fls. as in β. Petals about 2" long. (C. scabra Pers.)
δ? PANICULATA. Lvs. cuneate-lanceolate; rac. collected into a panicle.-S. Car. (Bartram). We have not seen this plant. (C. paniculata Willd.)
2 C. acuminata Mx. Arborescent; lvs. glabrous, glaucous, beneath, ovate, acuminate, abruptly acute at base, finely serrate, on slender petioles; rac. terminal, solitary ; bracts longer than the fls., caducous.-Mts. along streams, Ky., Va., to S. Car. Shrub or tree, 10 to 18f high. Lva large (4 to 6" long), half as wide, thin, Fls. often secund (turned upwards). Anth. dark purple, much exserted. Jl. Aug.
Suborder III. CYRILLEae. The Cyrillads.
22. ELLIOT'TIA, Muhl. (To Stephen Elliott, Esq., of Charleston, S. C, the well known botanical author.) Calyx small, 4-toothed; corolla of 4 petals slightly cohering at base ; stamens 8, anthers sagittate ; style slender, with a capitate, undivided stigma ; capsule 3-celled, 3-seeded.-A shrub with virgate branched alternate, deciduous, lanceolate, entire lvs. and terminal racemes of white fls.
E. racemosa Muhl.-Dry, rich soils, S. Ga. Shrub 4 to 8f high. Lvs. pubescent and slightly glaucous on the under surface, on short petioles. Flowers in Jn.-Unfortunately, this plant has not fallen under our observation.
23. CYRIL'LA, L. (In honor of Dominico Cyrilli, physician and botanical author, Naples.) Calyx 5-parted, minute, petals 5, distinct, pointed, spreading; stamens 5, hypogynous anthers opening lengthwise; style short, with 2 stigmas; capsule 2-celled, 2-seeded, indehis-cent; seeds suspended.-A large shrub with the branches irregularly whorled, with entire, elliptic-oblong, perennial lvs, and the white fls. in slender clustered racemes.
C. racemiflora Walt.-Margins of swamps and streams, in pine barrens, N. Car. to Fla. Shrub 12 to 18f bigh, with spreading branches and a light gray bark. Lvs. varying from oval to narrow-oblong, mostly acute, very smooth, tapering to a short petiole. Fls. very small, in racemes 4 to 6' long. The racemes and new branches simultaneously spring from the apex of the preceding years' growth. Jn.