2 L. purpureum L. Lower lvs. roundish, the floral ovate, all crenate, petiolate, the petioles longer than the calyxes; cor.tube straight; anth. hairy.- Waste grounds, Penn., rare. § Eur. † Varies with the lvs. white-striped.
34. PHLO'MIS, L. Jerusalem Sage. (Gr. a flame; the dried, woolly leaves of P. lychnitis were used in ancient lamps.) Calyx 5 to 10-veined, limb equal, truncate or 5-toothed; corolla upper lip galeate, carinate, broad, entire or emarginate, incurved, the lower spreading, trifid; stamens ascending beneath the galea; upper filaments adnate, often with a subulate appendage at base ; anther cells divaricate, confluent; achenia 3-angled.-Fls. often showy, in axillary, bractcd verticils. Lvs. rugous. ; : :
1 P. tuberosa L. Tall, smoothish; lvs. ample, ovate, obtuse, crenate, deeply cordate, floral lance-oblong; bracts subulate and with the calyx somewhat ciliate; cal. limb truncated, with 5 rigid points; cor. galea very hairy inside.- Shore3 of L. Ontario, near Rochester (Dewey) and Can. Plant 3 to 5f high, with lvs. near a foot long. Verticils remote, with 30 to 40 purple fls. § E. Eur.
2 P. frutiedsa L. Branches and oblong-ovate lvs. beneath cottony-tomentous; verticils dense-flowered, very woolly. Shrubby, 3f high. Curious in cultivation with its grotesque yellow fls. S. Eur.
35. BALLO'TA, L. Black Hoarhound. (Gr. to reject; 6n account of its offensive odor.) Calyx funnel-form, 10-veined, 5-toothed ; corolla bilabiate, tube cylindrical, as long as the calyx, upper lip concave, crenate, lower lip 3-cleft, middle segment largest, emarginate ; stamens 4, ascending, exserted; ach. ovoid-triangular.- B. nigra L. Lvs. ovate, subcordate, undivided,, serrate; bracts linear-subulate; cal. somewhat truncate, throat dilated, teeth spreading, acuminate.-Is frequent about hedges, etc., Mass. and Conn. Stem 2-3f high, pubescent, as well as the opposite, broad leaves. Flowers purple or white, in axillary verticils. Jl. Has the general appearance of Hoarhound (Marrubium), but not its fragrance. § Eut.
36. MOLUCCEL'LA, L. Molucca Balm. Shell Flower. (Brought from the Molucca Islands, etc.) Calyx campanulate, very large, the margin expanding, often repand-spinous; cor. tube included, limb bilabiate ; stamens 4, ascending.-r-
M. laevis L. St. ascending. suousimple, glabrous; lvs. petiolate, roundish-ovate, incisely crenate; fls. in a terminal, leafy raceme; cal. campanulate, equally 5-toothed, nearly twice longer than the corolla, teeth awnless. A curious plant in gardens, smooth in all its parte and of a glaucous green, 1-2f high. It is chiefly remarkable for its ample, bell-shaped calyx, in the bottom of which is seated the yellowish-green flower. † Syria,
37. GALEOP'SIS, L. Hemp Nettle. (Gr. a weasel, appearance ; its grotesque flowers arc likened to that animal.) Calyx 5-cleft, spinescent; upper lip of the corolla vaulted, subcrenate, lower lip with 3 unequal lobes, having 2 teeth on its upper side, middle lobe largest, cleft and crenate ; stamens exserted beyond the tube ; anther cells opposite, transverse.-Verticils distant, many-flowered.
1 G. tetrahit L. St. hispid, the internodes thickened upwards; Ivs. ovate, hispid, serrate; cor. twice as long as the calyx, the upper lip nearly straight, concave.- A common weed, in waste and cultivated grounds, N. States. St. 1 to 2 to 3f high, obtusely 4-angled, remarkably tumid below the joint, and covered with prickly, deflexed bristles. Leaves hairy on both sides, ovate, acute, serrate. Fls. in dense verticils. Calyx with 5 acute, bristly teeth. Corolla variegated with white and purple, upper lip concave, purple, longer than the lower. June, July. § Eur.
2 G. ladanum L. St. glabrous or pubescent, internodes equal; Ivs. lanceolate, sub-serrate, pubescent; upper lip of the cor. slightly crenate.-A smaller species, growing among rubbish in gravelly soils, etc, N. Eng, rare. Stem about a foot high, not swollen below the joints, with opposite branches. Flowers In dense, remote whorls. Corollas usually rose-colored, often white or variegated, spotted with crimson. Aug., Sept. § Eur.
38. STA'CHYS, L. Hedge Nettle. (Gr. a spike; from the inflorescence.) Calyx tube angular, campanulate, 5 or 10-ribbed, 5-toothed, upper teeth often larger; corolla bilabiate, upper lip erect, spreading or somewhat vaulted, lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, middle lobe largest; stamens ascending, lower ones longer; anthers approximate in pairs.-Verticils 2 to 10-flowered, approximate in terminal racemes.
* Plants glapbous, or nearly so. Calyx teeth divaricatley spreading.................................
* Plants hispid. Calyx teeth subcroct.-Leaves subsessile, petioles 0 to 8" long............
-Leaves all petiolate, petioles C to 12" long.
1 S. hyssopifolia Mx. St. ascending or erect, glabrous or sparsely hairy; Ivs. sessile, lance-linear, finely serrulate, acute, small, margin and base hispid; verticils 4-flowered, distant; cal. and very short bracts ciliate, teeth subulate, spreading, twice shorter than the corolla.- Wet soils, in barrens, Mass. to Mo. and S. States. Plant slender, 6 to 12' high. Lvs. 1' in length, rarely longer, 2 to 4" wide. Fls. sessile, 7" long. Teeth of calyx shorter than its tube. Jl.
2 S. glabra Riddell. St. glabrous or slightly hispid downward, erect, often branched; lvs. glabrous, oblong-ovate, rounded or truncate at base, all petiolate, acuto or subacuminate, serrate; cal. glabrous, teeth lance-subulate, spinulous, divaricate, as long as the tube of the corolla,- Woods, streams, N. Y. to Mich. and S. States. Plant slender or rather stout, 15' to 3f high. Lvs. 2 to 4' long, the petioles 6 to 12". Spikes at length 3 to 7' long. Fls. slender, pale red and purple. Jl., Aug.