Cor. pale yellow, with brown spots, upper lip villous at the apex. Bracts large, yellow and red. Sept.-Medicinal
4 M. didyma L. St. branched, acutely 4-angled; lvs. broadly ovate, acuminate, somewhat rough, on short petioles, veins and veinlets hairy beneath; fls. (crimson) in terminal, often axillary heads; bracts colored; col. throat naked.-Swamps, Can. to the Mts. of Ga. Plant 2 to 3f. Lvs. 2 to 5' long, very broad at base, often cordate, serrate. Heads often proliferous, with large, ovate-lanceolate bracts tinged with the same color as the fls. Cor. 15" long. Abortive fil. 2, short, the perfect exserted, Jl. Handsome and fragrant †
23. BLEPHIL'IA, Raf. (Gr. the eyelash; probably referring to the ciliate bracts.) Calyx 13-ribbed, bilabiate, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip shorter, 2-toothed, the teeth setaceous ; coroila bilabiate, upper lip short, erect, oblong, obtuse, entire, lower lip of 3 unequal, spreading lobes, the lateral ones orbicular; stamens 2, fertile, ascending, exserted.- Verticils dense, terminal and subterminal.
1 B. hirsuta Benth. Whole plant hirsute; lvs. ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, serrate, petiolate; fls. in axillary vertioillastera and terminal heads; bracts colored, shorter than the flowers, oblong, acuminate.-In damp woods, rare N. Eng., common in W. States. St. 1 to 2f high, diffusely branching, roughly pubescent. Petiole 3 to 6" long, lvs. 3 to 4 times as long, somewhat rounded at base. Fls. small, forming several dense whorls near the end of each branch. Cor. 5" long, pale purple, with spots of a deeper hue. Jn., Jl.
2 B. ciliata Raf. St. hirsute, simple, acutely 4-angled; lvs. few oblong-lanceolate, acute at the base, subsessile, serrate, minutely pubescent; fls. in dense, approximate, involucrate, terminal and subterminal verticils, bracts ovate, veiny, glabrous, ciliate, as long as the calyx.-Fields, barrens, Penn. to Miss., very abundant in the W-States. Plant 2 to 4f high, generally simple, rarely with 1 or 2 branches. Lvs. 18" to 30" long, a fourth as wide. Hds. larger than in No. 1, an inch in diam. Jn.-Aug. (Monarda ciliata L. nee Mx.)
24. LOPHAN'THUS, Benth. (Hyssopus L.) Hedge Hyssop. (Gr- a crest, ; flowers in dense, terminal spikes.) Calyx
15-ribbed, oblique, 5-cleft, upper segments longer; corolla bilabiate, upper lip bifidly emarginate, lower lip 3-lobed, the middle lobe broader and crenate ; stamens diverging.- Tall, erect. Verticils spicate.
1 L. nepetoides Benth. St. smooth, quadrangular, with the angles acute and slightly winged; lvs. ovate and ovate-lanceolate, acutely serrate ; petioles smooth-ish, calyx teeth ovate, green, obiusish.- Middle and Western States, common about fences and dry hedges. Stem 3-6f high, the side3 somewhat concave and the angles prominent. Lvs. acuminate, about 4' by 2'. Flowers in crowded axillary verticils, forming a terminal, green spike, which is nearly continuous above. Corolla greenish-yellow. July, Aug.
2 L. scrophularifdlius Benth. St. pubescent, quadrangular, with the angles obtuse; lvs. cordate-ovate, crenate-serrate; petioles ciliate-pubescent, cal. teeth lanceolate, colored, acute.-"With the general aspect of the former species, and found in similar situations. The herbage is often changed to dark purple. Stem 2-4f high, purple. Leaves about 5' by 3', coarsely serrate, acuminate. Flowers in crowded, axillary verticils, forming a long, dense, terminal spike. Corolla pale purple, more conspicuous than in the first. Jl., Aug.
25. NEP'ETA, L. Catnep. Ground Ivy. (Said to be from Nepet, a town in Tuscany.) Calyx tubular, 5-toothed ; corolla tube slender below, dilated and naked in the throat, upper lip emarginate, lower 3-lobed, the middle lobe largest and crenate, margin of the orifice reflected ; stamens approximate, ascending; anther cells divergent. (Fig. 117.)
§ Tall. Verticils in a terminal-raceme. Calyx nearley regular......................
§ GLECHOMA. Low, diffuse. Flowers axillary. Calyx curved, oblique..................
1 N. cataria L. Catmint. Erect, hoary-tomentous; lvs. petiolate, cordate", coarsely crenate-serrate; fls. spiked, the whorls slightly pedunculated.- About old buildings and fences. St. square, pubescent, branching 2 to 3f high. Lvs. very evenly bordered by tooth-like or crenate serratures, and as well as the whole plant covered with a soft, hoary down, paler beneath. Fls. many, white or purplish, the lower lip dotted with crimson. Jl § S. E. Europe. -Eaten greedily by cats. 2 N. Glechoma Benth. Gill-over-the-ground. Lvs. reniform, crenate; cor. about 3 times as long as the calyx.- A creeping plant, about walls, hedges. etc. Sts. radicating at base, square, varying in length from a few inches to 1 to 2f. Lvs. petiolate, downy, glaucous, 1' or less broad. Fls. axillary, about 3 together. Cor.' bluish purple, with a variegated throat. Usually the anthers are so collated as to form 2 little crosses. May. § Eur. and Asia.
26. DRACOCEPH'ALUM, L. Dragon-head. (Gr. dragon, head). Calyx subcqual, oblique, 5-clcft, upper segments larger; cor. bilabiate, upper lip vaulted, emarginate, throat inflated, lower lip spreading, 3-cleft, middle lobe much larger, rounded or subdivided; sta. distinct, ascending, the upper pair longer than the lower.
D. parviflorum Nutt. Subpubescent; lvs. lanceolate, deeply serrate, petiolate; bracts leafy, ovate, ciliate, mucronate-serrate; cal. upper segment much the largest; fls. small, verticillate, subcapitate, cor. scarcely exceeding the calyx.- Borders of the great lakes, Northern N. Y to L. of the Woods, very rare. Fls. bluish, small, the verticils almost spicate. Cal. dry and membranous. Upper lip of the corolla arched, emarginate, central lobe of lower lip crenate. Jl.