3 B. Bonus-Henricus Reiehenb. Good King Henry. Plant mealy, ascending, subsimple; lvs. triangular-hastate, entire or sinuate, green; glomerules forming a terminal, leafless spike, not fleshy in fruit; stam. 5. - Waysides, Can. N. Eng., rare. § Eur.
6. AT'RIPLEX, Gaert. Flowers monoecious or dioecious. Bract-less; calyx 3 to 5-sepaled; stamens 3 to 5, hypogynous; pistil rudimentary; ovary 2-styled, with no stamens, inclosed between 2 leaf-like bracts, or in some species partly furnished with a 5-sepaled calyx without bracts; fruit compressed, inclosed; seed vertical (horizontal when the calyx is present), embryo annular. - Herbs or shrubs, usually clothed with scurf or mealiness, with alternate, petiolate lvs. and densely glomerate-spiked green fls.
1 A. hastata L. Ascending, diffusely branched; lvs. alternate or subopposite, triangular hastate, sinuately toothed or nearly entire, the upper lanceolate, entire; fruit bracts triangular-deltoid, slightly muricate, margin denticulate or entire. - Marshes and waste grounds, N.Y. to Ga. Sts. 1 - 2f. long, striate with green. Lvs. including the petiole 1 - 3' long, thin and green (mealy in marshes). Fls. in glomerate axillary and terminal racemes. and mixed. Aug. - Sept.
β.? oblongifolia. Lvs. all oblong-lanceolate, scurfy-dotted; bracts very Large in fruit; stem rigid, ereet, If. or more. Lake shores, N. Y. (Hankenson.)
2 A. hortensis L. Garden Orache. Erect, branched; lvs. alternate, triangular-hastate or oblong, subcordate acute, entire or with a few coarse teeth at base, bright green both sides; upper lanceolate or lance-linear, fruit-bracts ovate, entire. - Scarce in cultivation or spontaneous. A potherb used as spinage. Jl. § Asia.
7. OBI'ONE, Gaert, Fls. monoecious or dioecious. Bractless: calyx 4 to 5-sepaled; stamens 4 to 5, hypogynous; bibracteate, bracts , more or less united, at length inflated, hardened and connivent; calyx none; stylos 2; fruit compressed, included in the capsular bracts; seeds vertical, beaked; embryo annular. - Herbs pale or whitish, scurfy or mealy; lvs. alternate or opposite. Fls. densely glomerate, greenish. (Atriplex, Tournef.)
O. arenaria Moq. Sand Orache. Mealy-canescent, ascending, branched, unarmed; lvs. short-petioled, alternate, oval or oblong, obtuse, entire, the upper acuminate-raucronate; fr. bracts subsessile, broad-cuneate, united, truncate, denticulate at apex. - Sandy seabeach, Mass. to Fla, (Apalachicola). St 6 to 12' long or high, reddish. Lvs. 1' more or less long, attenuate at base. Staminate fls. mostly in the terminal clusters, fertile in the axillary. Jl. - Sept.
8. SPINA'CIA, Tourn. Spinage. (Lat. spina, a. spine or prickle; on account of the prickly fruit.) Flowers dioecious, bractless, calyx
3 to 5-sepaled; stamens 4 or 5, exserted; calyx tubular, inflated, 2 to 4-toothed, hardening at length into a false capsule; styles 4, slender; achenium compressed, inclosed in the capsular, spiny, or unarmed calyx; seed vertical. - Herbs with alternate, petiolate lvs. and axillary green fls.
S. oleracea Mill. Lvs. hastate-lanceolate or sagitate; fruit-calyx solitary, 3-angled, armed with 2 to 4 slender prickles, or unarmed. - Gardens. St. 1 to 2f high. Lvs. 2 to 3' long, nearly half as wide, often toothed at base, thick, soft, glabrous, bright green. Fr. near 2" long, sessile, our variety usually unarmed. Jn., Jl.†
9. SALICOR'NIA, Tourn. Saltwort. Samphire. (Lnt. sal, salt, cornu, horn; in allusion both to its locality and appearance.) Flowers immersed in the excavations of the jointed stem 2 or 3 together; calyx bladder-like, denticulate at apex, at length spongy, membranous-margined, inclosing the compressed utricle; stamens 1, 2; styles 2; seed vertical; embryo annular, conduplicatc. - Seaside herbs, jointed, succulent, glabrous and almost leafless, with opposite branches. Fls. minute, sessile, spicate.
1 S. herbacea L. Annual, erect or assurgent, the joints somewhat thickened at the summit, ending in 2 obtuse teeth; spikes elongated, tapering and rather obtuse at the summit. - Salt marshes, N. Eng. to Ga., also at Salina, N. Y. St. dividing into simple branches, 8 to 12' high, obscurely 4-sided, with very short internodes. Lvs. 0. Els. minute, placed in little hollows at the base of the upper joints, the lateral sometimes sterile. Aug.
2 S. mucronata Lag. ? Dwarf Saltwort. Annual, erect; the joints somewhat 4-angled below, with 2 ovate, acute, mucronate teeth at the summit; spikes very thick, obtuse. - Salt marshes, N. Eng. to L. Isl. St. 4 to 8' high, thick, little-branched. Spikes oblong-cylindrie, 1' or more long, near a fourth of an inch thick, at length reddened. Sept.
3 S. ambigua Mx. Perennial, procumbent, branching, branches ascending, flexuous; joints truncate, flattened, enlarged above, with 2 depressed, obtuse teeth. - Sandy sea-beaches, R. I. to Fla. Sts. woody at base, prostrate from long, creeping root, stocks. Aug., Sept.
10. CHENOPODI'NA, Moq. Glasswort. Flowers , bracteolate; calyx urceolate, 5-parted, fleshy, in fruit subbaccate; stamens 5; stigmas 2 or 3, sessile; utricle depressed, inclosed in the calyx; seed lenticular, horizontal; albumen 0, or scanty and divided into two portions above and below the flat spiral embryo. - Smooth, maritime plants, with alternate, sessile, fleshy lvs. and axillary fls. (Cnenopodium, L.)