8 OE. linearis Mx. Hoary puberulent; st. slender, erect, simple or few-brauched; lvs. linear, subentire, obtuse, the lowest linear-spatulate; fls. large, corymbed at the summit of the branches, tube of the calyx somewhat longer than the pedicellate ovary; fr. obovate, scarcely winged.- Montauk Point to N. Car. (Miss Carpenter), and Ala. St. 12 to 18' high. Lvs. 1 to 2' long. Fls. much as in No. 7. May, Jl.
9 OE. glauca Mx. Glabrous and glaucous; st. erect, with few. slender branches above; lvs. ovate, sessile, acute or acuminate, obscurely denticulate; fls. large, clustered at the ends of the branches; calyx tube 3 or 4 times the length of the short, pedicellate ovary; caps. oval, 4-winged above. - Rock Castle Co. Ky. to Va. and N. Car. St. stout, 2 to 3f high, purplish. Lvs. 2 to 3' long, often lanceolate. Caps. 4 to 5" by 2 to 3". May - Jl.
10 OE. Missouriensis Sims. Simple, decumbent; lvs. coriaceous; lanceolate, acute, or short-acuminate, petiolate, subentire, downy canescent when young; fls. very large, axillary; cal. tube 3 or 4 times longer than the downy-canescent ovary; caps. very large, oval, depressed, with 4 broad-winged margins. - Dry hills, Mo. Remarkable for the magnitude of its fls. and fruit. Petals yellow, expanding 4 inches. Cal. tube 4 to 7' long. Caps. 2' long. Sds. large, crested, in one row in each cell. Jl. - Oct. †
OE. speciosa of Ark. and Tex. is a splendid species, with white or roseate fls., fine in cultivation.
GAU'RA, L. (Gr. superb.) Calyx tube much prolonged above the ovary, cylindric, limb 4-cleft; petals 4, unguiculate, somewhat unequal, inserted into the tube; stamens 8, decimate, alternate ones a little shorter; ovary oblong, 4-celled, one only proving fruitful, nut usually by abortion, 1-celled, 1 to 4-seeded. - Herbaceous or shrubby. Lvs. alternate. Fls. white and red, rarely trimerous.
1 G. biennis L. St. branched, pubescent; lvs. lanceolate, oblong, remotely dentate; spike crowded; cal. tube as long as the segm.; petals rather declinate, and shorter than the sepals: fr. subsessile, slightly acuminate, 8-ribbed, alternate ribs minute. - A beautiful biennial, on the dry banks of streams, Can. to Ga., rare. St. 3 to 5f high. Lvs. sessile, pale green, acute at each end. Fls. numerous, sessile. Cal. reddish; cor. at first rose-color, changing to deep red; stig. 4-lobed. Fr. rarely maturing more than one seed. Aug.
2 G. filipes Spach. Paniculate and naked above; lvs. linear-oblong, repand-dentate, lower ones almost pinnatifid; branches of the panicle very slender, naked, with tufted lvs. at their base; cal. segm. canescent, longer than the tube or the petals; fr. obovate-clavate, on a filiform pedicel. - Dry ground. S. and W. States. St. rigid, 3 to 5f high, leafy just below the panicle. Lvs. 1 to 3' long, 2 to 6" wide, tapering at each end. Petals oblong-spatulate, rose-color or white. Jl., Aug.
3 G. angustifolia Mx. Herbaceous, pubescent; lvs. linear, repand-denticulate, very acute; cal. lobes much longer than the tube or the petals; fr. sessile, ovate, with 4 sharp, almost winged angles, and rather obtuse at each end, 1 or 2-seeded. - S. Car., Ga. (Mettauer), Fla. (Chapman.) Plant strict and slender, few-branched. Fls. small, white, in paniculate spikes. Jl., Aug.
5. CLAR'KIA, Ph. (In honor of Gen. Clark, the companion of Lewis across the Rocky Mts.) Calyx tube slightly prolonged beyond the ovary, limb 4-parted, deciduous; petals 4, unguiculate, 3-lobed or entire, claws with 2 minute teeth; stamens 8; style 1, filiform; stigma 4-lobed; capsule largest at base, 4-celled, 4-valved, many-seeded.-
Herbs (from Oreg. and Cal.) with showy, axillary fls.
1 C. pulchella Ph. Lvs. linear-lanceolate; petals large, broadly cuneiform, tapering into a slender claw, with 2 reflexed teeth, limb with 3 spreading lobes; alternate stam. abortive; caps. pedicellate. - Gardens. A handsome annual, with lilac-purple or white fls., of easy culture. †
2 C. elegans Lindl. Lvs. ovate-lanceolate, denticulate, on short petioles; petals undivided, rhombic or triangular ovate, with a toothless claw; slam. all fertile, with a hairy scale at the base of each; stig. hairy; caps. subsessile, hairy. - Gardelis. Fls. smaller than in the last. Petals and stig. purple. Hairs at base of stamens red. †
6. FUCH'SIA, L. Ladies" Eardrop. (To Leonard Fuchs; an early German botanist of the fifteenth century.) Calyx tubular-infundi-buliform, colored, deciduous, limb 4-lobed; petals 4, in the throat of the calyx, alternate with its segments; disk glandular, 8-furrowed; baccate capsule oblong, obtuse, 4-sided. - Mostly shrubby. South American plants of great beauty.
1 F. coccinea Ait. Ladies' Eardrop. Branches smooth; lvs. opposite, and in verticils of 3s, ovate, acute, denticulate, on short petioles; fls. axillary, nodding; sep. oblong, acute; petals convolute, half as long as calyx. - Native of Chili. A very delicate and beautiful greenhouse shrub, 1 to 6f high. Fls. on long, filiform pedicels. Cal. scarlet, much longer than the included, violet-purple petals. Stam. crimson, much exserted. Berry purple. There are many varieties. (F. Magellanica Lam.)
2 F. gracilis Lindl. St. suffruticous, often simple; lvs. opposite, ovate, petiolate, slightly acuminate, glandular-dentate; fls. opposite, solitary, pendulous, longer than the lvs., petals nearly as long as the sepals and much broader.- Chili. A beautiful parlor plant, quite common. St. 2 to 3f high, thick. Fls. larger, but less eleart than in the former, with a red calyx and crimson corolla. † Many varietie
3 F. fulgens DC. Lvs. opposite, petiolate, cordate-ovate, acute, denticulate; pedicels axillary, shorter than the flowers, upper ones racemed; cal. tube long. trumpet-shaped, lobes ovate-lanceolate, scarcely exceeding the petals. - From Mexico. Fls. bright-red.