Herbs or undershrubs with the leaves alternate or all clustered at the root. Flow ers regular. Calyx tubular, 5-toothed, plaited, persistent. Corolla hypocrateriform, of 5 petals united at base, or sometimes almost distinct Sta. 5, hypogynous and opposite the petals or inserted on their claws. Ova. 1-celled, free from the calyx. Styles 5 (seldom 3 or 4). Fr. a utricle, or dehiscent by valves, containing 1 ana-tropous seed.
Genera 10, species 230, mostly seaside or salt marsh plants, found in all latitudes.
Poperties:-The root of Statice Limonium is one of the best and most powerful of all astringents. The species of Plumbago are acrid and escharotic, so much so, that the roots of P. Eu-ropaens are said by Lindley to be employed in Europe by beggars, to raise blisters on the face, in order to excite compassion.
STATICEae. Styles distinct, at least above. Utricle not valvate. (a)
a Stigmas capitate. Style connated at base. Lvs. acerous. Scape terete..............
a Stigmas capitate. Styles distinct at base. Leaves flat. Scape 8-angled...........
a Stigmas filiform. - Style glabrous. Scape branching.............................................
- Style plumous. Scape capitale...............................................
. PLUMBAGEae. Styles united to the apex. Pericarpsubvalvate. (b)
b Corolla bypocrateriform. Calyx not enlarged in fruit......................................
1. STATI'CE, L. Marsh Rosemary. (Gr. to stop; because used medicinally it stops diarrhoea, says Pliny.) Calyx funnel-form, limb scarious, 5-nerved, 5-parted; petals scarcely united at base; filaments 5, adnate to the very base of the corolla; ovary crowned with the 5 glabrous, filiform styles, utricle regularly or irregularly circum-scissile.- Herbs with the scape branching the flowers 3-bracted, sessile on the 3-bracted branchlet.
S. Limonium L. Very smooth; lvs. oblong-elliptieal or oblaneeolate, acute, tipped with a bristle, tapering to a long petiole; scapes terete, fistulous, bracted, paniculate; spikelets 1-flowered (rarely 2), involucrate with 3 bractlets, remotely secund on the branchlets; cal. lobes very acute.-Salt marshes along the coast, from Newfoundland to S. Car. Scape 6 to 12' high. Lvs. 1' to 18" long, the petioles rather longer. The root is large, ligneous, strongly astringent, much valued in medicine. Jl.-Oct. (S. Carolinianum Walt.)-Differs from the European varieties which have mostly 2 to 3-flowered spikelets, more close on the branchlets, cal lobes scarcely acute, &c
2. ARME'RIA, Willd. Thrift. Flowers collected in a dense head; involucre 3 to many-leaved ; calyx tubular-campanulate, 5-angled, with 3 shallow lobes, scarious and plaited; petals, stamens, etc, as in Statice.-
Lvs. radical, mostly linear. Scape simple, appendaged above.
A. vulgaris Willd. Scape terete, smooth; lvs. linear, flat, obtuse; outer bracts of the invol. ovate-acute, shorter than the sheathing appendage at their base.-A neat and elegant plant, native near the sea-coast, Brit. Am. (Hook.) Often cultivated. Lvs. 3 to 4' by 2 to 3", numerous, crowded. Scape about If high, bearing a singular sheath at top, formed according to Lindley by the adherent bases of involucral lvs. Fls. rose-colored. Jn.-Aug.
2 A. latifolia Willd. Scape solitary, tall; lvs. very broad, oblong, 5 to 7-veined; fls. (rose-red) in a large head from a long sheath; bracts scarious, the outer oblong-lanceolate, acuminate-cuspidate.-† Portugal.
3. PLUMBAGO, Tourn. Leadwort. (Lat. plumbum (lead), a disease of the eyes, which it was reputed to cure. Pliny.) Calyx herbaceous, glandular, 5-lobed, not enlarged after flowering; corolla salver-form, tube longer than calyx, limb twisted in aestivation; anthers 5, linear ; style 1, stigmas 5, filiform ; utricle membranous, mucronate with the persistent style.-Herbs or shrubs. Fls. cyanic, numerous through the season.
1 P. Capensis Thunb. St. shrubby, scarcely climbing; lvs. oblong entire, glaucous-tubercular beneath, petiolate; fls. in short, dense, terminal spikes, pale blue.-† Cape of Good Hope. Very pretty. Southward it is hardy.
2 P. cœrulia Kunth. St herbaceous, erect; lvs. ovate-oblong, acuminate, petiole winged and auriculate at base; fls. in terminal, loose spikes, blue.- † Peru and Chili.
4 GONTOLOMON speciosum Boiss. (Statice speciosa L.), with white fls., 3 or 4 in each spikelet.
G. Tartarieum Boiss (S. Tartarica L.), with pink fls., 1 or 2 in a spikelet, both from Russia, are occasionally cultivated. Also
5 ACANTHOLOMON caryophyllaceum Boiss. (8. Echinus L.), turfy, with stiff, linear, 3-cornered, needle-shaped, recurved lvs. and scape, twice as high, bearing a single spike.-† From Asia.