3 P. Alkekengi L. Strawberry Tomato. St. subsimple, pubescent; lvs. deltoid-ovate, acuminate, repand; cor. not spotted; cal. in fr. ovoid-globous. colored; stam. yellow. - Gardens. Plant less branched than other species, 1 to 2f high. Lvs. 3 to 4' long, including the petiole, attenuated at base. Cor. yellow. Berry greenish yellow or orange, inclosed in the reddened calyx. Fr. eaten raw or cooked.
4 P. pubeacens L. Much branched, pubescent or tomentous, viscid, at length decumbent; lvs. ovate or cordate, unequal at base, acute or subacuminate, dentate or nearly entire; ped. shorter than the petioles; cor. spotted with dark brown in the throat; anth. blue. - In damp places and shades, S. and W. States. Plant 9 to 18' high. Sts. angled and furrowed. Lvs. 2 to 3' long, petioles 1' single on the stem, twin on the flowering branches. Cor. 6 to 8" long. (P. hirsuia Dun.) - Among our specimens are some nearly smooth.
5 P. angulata L. Erect, often diffusely branched, glabrous; lvs. ovate or oblong, unequally dentate-serrate; cor. spotless; stam. blue; cal. segm. triangular, subulate, as long as the tube, in fruit truncate at base and sharply 5-angled. - Sandy soils, Va. to Fla. (Savannah, Pond), and westward. Lvs. on long, slender petioles. Cor. less than 6" long. Cal. in fruit longer than broad, or ovoid conical.
6 P. Linkiana Nees. Diffusely branched, glabrous; lvs. ovate-oblong, acuminate, often long-pointed, sinuate-dentate, with subulate-pointed teeth, base attenuate to the petiole; cor. slightly spotted; anth. violet; cal. in fruits roundish-ovate, pointed. - S. Car. and Ga. (Feay). A striking species, 2f or more in height. Sts. strongly angled. Lvs. 3 to 6' long, including the (1 to 2) petiole. Fr. cal 1' diam.
7 P. Philadelphica Lam. Nearly glabrous, erect, branching, branches forked, strict; lvs. obliquely ovate, acuminate, angular-repand; ped. much shorter than the petioles; cor. with spots and stripes in throat: cal. filled with the fruit and open when mature; anth. violet. - Dry banks of streams, Middle and W. States. Lva. acute at base, twice longer than the petioles. Ped. 2 to 3" long, pubescent.
6. AT'ROPA, L. Deadly Nightshade. (Name of one of the Three Fates in Grecian mythology, whose office it was to cut the thread of human life.) Calyx 5-parted; corolla campamilate, limb 5-cleft, val-vate-plicate in bud; stamens 5, distant, included; style subexserted berry globous, 2-celled, sitting on the enlarged calyx. - Herbs of lurid colors. Lvs. often twin.
A. Belladonna L. St. trichotomous; lvs. ovate, entire; berries black. - This poisonous herb is far less repulsive in its appearance than most others of its order. The lurid, pale purple of the flower, indeed, looks suspicious, but not its smell - nor the berries, which are larger than cherries, round, green, at length of a fine, glossy black, full of a purple juice. Stem 5f high, branching below, and with the large leaves, inclines more or less to a purplish hue. ‡ § Eur.
7. HYOSCY'AMUS, Tourn. Henbane. (Gr. a pig, and bean; the fruit is said to be not poisonous to swine.) Calyx tubular, 5-cleft; corolla infundibuliform, irregular; one of the 5 obtuse lobes larger; stamens 5, declinate; stigma capitate; capsule ovoid, 2-celled, opening with a lid near the summit. - Coarse, weed-like herbs, native in Eastern countries.
H. niger L. Branching, erect, very leafy; lvs. sinuate, clasping; fls. sessile. - A tall, well known, foetid weed, growing about the rubbish of old houses, roadsides, etc. The whole plant is hairy, viscid, and of a sea-green hue, emitting a foetid odor. Stem 2f high, round. Leaves large, oblong, cut into acute, sinuate lobes. Flowers in terminal, one-sided spikes; the corolla straw-color, finely reticulated with dark purple veins. The whole plant is reputed poisonous, but has long been regarded as an excellent medicine in nervous diseases, coughs, convulsions, etc. Jl. § Eur.
8. PETU'NIA, Juss. (The Brazilian name is petun, latinized Petunia.) Calyx tubular, 10-veined, 5-parted, segments oblong-spatulate; corolla funnel or salver-form, tube cylindric, limb spreading, usually 5-lobed; stamens 5, inserted in the middle of the tube, unequal, included, anthers cordate; stigma capitate; capsule 2-celled; seeds minute. - South American herbs. Lvs. alternate, entire, the floral twin. Ped. 1-flovvered.
1 P. Nyctaginiflora Juss. Diffuse, glandular-villous; st. erect, branched; lvs. solitary, ovate-oblong, obtusish, subsessile, floral sessile, cordate-ovate, suboppo-site; ped. axillary, solitary, exceeding the leaves; cor. tube slightly enlarged above, thrice longer than the calyx, with a wide-spreading limb. - Gardens. Fls. large, white, numerous.
2 P. violacea Lindl. Glandular hairy; st. prostrate at base, then erect, sparingly branched; lvs. ovate, short-petiolate, acute, the upper ovate-lanceolate; ped. solitary, equaling the leaves; cor. tube inflated, limb cleft into rounded, acute lobes. - Sts. numerous, 6 to 16' long. Cor. large, violet-purple. Both species are great favorites in gardens, and by mixture sport into endless varieties, among which is
β. Atkinsiana. Lvs. ovate, whitish; cal. segm. ligulate; cor. tube twice or more longer than the calyx.
9. NIEREMBER'GIA, Ruiz et Pav. (Named for Nieremberg, a Spanish Jesuit.) Calyx persistent, tubular or subcampanulate, 10-veined, curved, 5-cleft; corolla funnel-form, tube long and slender, limb ample, spreading, plicate, slightly unequal; stamens 5, inserted in the throat, unequal, connivent; anthers hid beneath the stigma; capsule 2-celled, seeds many, minute, 3-angled. - South American, chiefly herbs, creeping, with elegant, solitary, extra-axillary fls.