1 N. aristata Sweet. Puberulent, pale-green; sts. filiform, very branching: lvs. narrowly linear, acute; fls. pedunculate, opposite the leaves, solitary; cal. cam-panulate, seg. linear-subulate, acute, twice shorter than the slender, glandular cor. tube. - St. 3 to 9' long. Lvs. 1 to 2' long, 1" wide. Cor. large, white, tinged with purple, 3 striae on each lobe.
2 N. filicaulis Lindl. Glabrous, ascending, diffuse; sts. filiform, lvs. very narrow, sessile, linear-lanceolate, acute or obtuse, opposite the peduncles; cal. ob-conic bell-shaped, segm. linear-lanceolate, acute; cor. tube glaudular. little longer than the calyx, limb undulate, obtusely 5-lobed. - Sts. a foot high. Lvs.6 to 10" long. Cor. lilac or white, with a 5-rayed star of violet lines, † Both species from Buenos Ayres.
10. LYCIUM, L. Matrimony Vine. (Named from Lycia, the native country of the original species.) Calyx 2 - 5-cleft, short; corolla tubular, limb mostly 5-lobed, spreading, orifice closed by the beard of the filaments; stamens 4 - 5, exserted; berry 2-celled; seeds several, reniform. - Shrubs, the branches ending in a spinous point, and often having axillary spines. Fls. axillary, solitary, or in pairs.
L. barbarum L. St. angular; branches long, pendulous, somewhat spiny; lvs. often fasciculate, lanceolate; cal. mostly 3-cleft. - Native of Barbary, cultivated and nearly naturalized. It is a shrub, with long, slender, trailing or hanging branches which overspread walls, etc, with a thick, tangled mass. Leaves smooth, 3 times as long as wide, often broadest above, acute or obtuse, tapering into a petiole. Flowers greenish-purple. Berries orange-red. † Barbary.
11. DATU'RA, L. Thorn Apple. Jimson (i. e., Jamestown)-wEED. (An alteration of the Arabic name Totorah.) Calyx large, tubular, ventricous, 5-angled, deciduous, with a persistent, orbicular, peltate base; corolla infundibuliform, tube cylindric, long, limb 5-angled and plaited; stamens 5; stigma obtuse, bilamellate; capsule 2-celled, 4-valved; cells 2 - 3-parted. - Herbs, with bluish-white or purple, solitary, axillary flowers.
1 D. stramonium L. St. dichotomous; lvs. ovate, smooth, angular-dentate; caps, spiny, erect. - A well-known poisonous plant, growing among rubbish in waste places. Stem about 3f high, smooth, hollow. Leaves large, situated at the base of the dichotomous branches, their sides unequal, with large, irregular teeth and sinuses. Flowers solitary, axillary; corolla funnel-shaped, with a long tube and a plaited, 5-toothed border, the color cream-white. Fruit egg-shaped, the size of a small apple, covered with spines. Aug. § Central America? Poisonous and narcotic, but used for asthma, etc.
β. tatula. St. purple; lis. bluish-white. - (D. tatula L.) More common Westward.
2 D. (BRUGMANSIA) sanguinea Ruiz & Pav. (B. bicolor Pers.) is a coarse looking, large-leaved shrub with huge, trumpet-bell-shaped fls. distinguished by the cuspidate angles of the red or white corolla, is now often seen in greenhouses. The yellow capsules are unarmed.
12. NICOTIA'NA, Tourn. Tobacco. (In honor of John Nicot, of Languedoc, who seems to have introduced it into Europe.) Calyx urce-olate, 5-cleft; corolla infundibuliform, regular, limb 5-lobed; stamens 5; stigmas emarginate; capsule 2-cclled, 2 to 4-valved. - Coarse, narcotic herbs, with simple lvs. and terminal fls. Cor. white, tinged with green or purple.
1 IT. nistica L. Common Tobacco. Viscid-pubescent; lvs. petioled, ovate, entire; tube of the cor. cylindric, longer than the calyx, segments round, obtuse. - For the purposes of tobacco this plant is considered inferior to the Virginian. Stem 12 - 18 high. Flowers greenish-yellow, in a terminal panicle or raceme. In Western N. Y., etc, said to have been introduced by the Indians. Aug. §
2 N. Tabacum L. Virginia Tobacco. Viscid-pubescent; lvs. lanceolate, sessile, decurrent; cor. tube inflated at the throat, lobes acute. - Native of Central America, particularly the island of Tobago, and the Province of Tabasco in Mexico, whence it was first exported to Europe, 1586. It is extensively cultivated in the Middle and Western States, and is exported in vast quantities. Stem 4 - 6f high, paniculate above. Leaves 1 - 2f by 1/2 - If entire. Flowers rose-color, not inelegant. Jl. - The use of this nauseous and poisonous weed has become almost universal, and illustrates the despotic power of habit. Sir Walter Raleigh has the honor of first introducing the practice of smoking into England, more than 200 years ago, and in his house at Islington, is still to be seen a shield bearing his arms, with a tobacco-plant at the top. (Loudon.)
3 N. longiflora Cav. With long, spreading branches; lvs. acuminate, radical ovate-lanceolate, short-petioled, cordate-lanceolate, sessile; fls. lateral, solitary, pedicellate, arranged in a simple terminal raceme; cor. tube filiform, very pubescent, 5 limes longer than the calyx, segments lance-ovate, acute. - Gardens South. Cor. white, variegated with purple and yellow.
13. FABIANA imbricata Ruiz. & Pav. is a fine little shrub resembling a Tamarix, with small (6 ' long) ovate lvs. covering the numerous brandies and small violet-white fls. † Chili.