Herbs, shrubs, or even trees, destitute of true stipules. Leaves alternate, petiolate, either undivided or palmately compound. Fls. solitary or racemous, cruciform, hy-pogynous. Sep. 4, Pet. 4, unguiculate. Sta. 6 - 12, or some multiple of 4, never tetradynamous, on a disk or separated from the corolla by an internode of the torus. Ova. often stipitate, of 2 united carpels. Sty. united into one. Stig. discoid. Fr. c either pod-shaped and dehiscent, or fleshy and indehiscent. Placentae usually 2. Seeds many, reniform. Albumen 0. Embryo curved. Cotyledon foliaceous. (Illust. in Fig. 290.)

Genera 28, species 340 - chiefly tropical plants. They are more acrid in their properties than the Crucifers, hut otherwise much resemble them. One species of Polanisia is used as a vermifuge.

Stamens 6, separated from the petals by an internode.

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No. 1

Stamens 6, not separated from the petals

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No. 2

Stamens 8 - 32. Torus not developed.

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No. 3

1. GYNANDROPSIS, DC. (Gynandria, a Linnaean class,Order XIV Capparidaceae Capparids 303 appearance.) Sepals distinct, spreading; stamens 6, separated from the 4 petals by a slender internode of the torus; pod linear-oblong, raised on a long stipe which rises from the top of the torus. - Order XIV Capparidaceae Capparids 304 Lvs. digitate. Fls. racemed.

G. pentaphylla DC. Middle lvs. petiolate, 5-foliate, floral and lower ones 3-foliate, lfts. obovate, entire or denticulate. - In cultivated grounds, Penn. to Ga. St. simple, 2 - 3f high. Fls. of a very singular structure. Pedicels about 1' long, slender. Calyx small. Petals white, 1/3 as long as their filiform claws. Sta. 1' long, spreading, apparently arising from the midst of the long styloid torus. Peds. 2' long. § Africa. (Cleome L.)

2. CLEOME, L. Spider Flower. Sepals sometimes united at base; petals 4; torus not developed between the petals and the stamens, which are 6 - 4; pod stipitate more or less. - Herbs or shrubs. Lvs. simple or digitate. Fls. racemed or solitary.

1 C. pungens L. Fig. 290. Glandular pubescent; st. simple, and with the petioles aculeate; lvs. 5 - 9-foliate, on long petioles, lfts. elliptic-lanceolate, acute at each end, obscurely denticulate; bracts simple; fls. racemed; sep. distinct; pet. on filiform claws; sta. 6, twice longer than the petals. -Order XIV Capparidaceae Capparids 305 A tall, showy plant, with curious purple flowers, common in gardens, escaped into fields, etc. South. May - Aug. † § W. Ind. 2 C. speciocissima Deppe. Pilous; st. branching below, lvs. 5 - 7-foliate, • on long petioles; lfts. lanceolate, acuminate, the upper lvs. simple, Order XIV Capparidaceae Capparids 306 bract-like, ovate; petals as long as the pedicels; fruit shorter than its stipe.- _ Gardens. Plant very showy, 3 - 4f high. Fls. rose-purple, clustered at the summit of the rising raceme from Jn. to Sept. † Mexico.

3. POLANISIA, Raf. (Gr. πόλύ, much, aviσσς, unequal.) Sepals distinct, spreading; petals 4, unequal; stamens 8 - 32, filaments filiform or dilated at the summit; torus not developed, minute; pods linear.-

Order XIV Capparidaceae Capparids 307 Strong-scented herbs, with glandular, viscid hairs.

P. graveolens Raf Viscid-pubescent; lvs. ternate, lfts. elliptic-oblong; fls. axillary, solitary; sta. 8 - 12; caps. oblong-lanceolate, attenuate at base. - Gravelly shores, Vt. to Ark. St. 1f high, branching, striate. Lfts. 1 - 1 1/2' long, 1/3, as wide, nearly entire and sessile; common petiole 1' long. Fls. m terminal racemes. Petals yellowish-white, narrowed below into long claws. Fil. slender, exserted. Pods 2' long, glandular-pubescent, siliquose, viscid like every other part of the plant Jl.