2 L. Herbemonti Ell. Glabrous, simple; lvs. wlorled in 4s or 5s, sessile, lance-ovate or ovate, obscurely 3-veined, acuminate, glaucous beneath; margin revolute, entire; fls. verticillate, in a terminal, bracted raceme.-A handsome species, near Columbus, S. Car. (Herbemont). Plant 2f high. Lvs. becoming more narrow above, passing into the linear bracts, and with the bright yellow fls., sprinkled with dots. Stem unequal. Jn., Jl.
3 L. quadrifolia L. Simple, erect; lvs. verticillate, in 4s, rarely in 5s or 3s, ses-sile, lanceolate, acuminate, punctate; ped. axillary, 1-flowered, in 4s (3s or 5s); pet. oval, obtuse.- In low grounds, river banks, Can. to Car. and Ky. Stem 18' high, somewhat hairy, simple, with many whorls of 4-5 leaves, each bearing a flower-stalk in its axil. Corolla yellow, with purple lines. Stamens unequal, united at base into a short tube. Anth. purple. Jn.
4 L. Fraseri Duby. Glandular-pubescent and branched above ; lvs. opposite, petiolate, ovate, often cordate, acuminate, glabrous; fls. in a compound, terminal, bracted panicle.-In. S. Car. (Frazer in DC.) Fls. numerous. Cal. segm. acuminate, the margins thickened, brownish, ciliated. Stam. unequal, 2 of them shorter than the other 3, sterile fil. none.
5 L. longifolia Ph. Prairie Moneywort. St. slender, 4-angled, flexuous, branched above; lvs. liner-shining, rigid, sessile, margin revolute; fls. opposite or mostly quaternate and terminal on the stem and branches; sep. lance-linear, acuminate; pet longer than the calyx, roundish-ovate, erose-dentate, abruptly acuminate.-Common in low prairies, W. States. The large yellow flowers are very conspicuous among the grasses. Stems 12-20' high, purple. Leaves 2- 3' by 2-3", coriaceous, deep green. Flowers numerous, 9" diam., of a brilliant yellow. Anth. large. Jl. (L. revoluta Nutt)
6 L. hybrida Mx. Smooth and erect; Ivs. flat, veiny, oblong-lanceolate or lance-linear, acute at each end (the lower often shortened and obtuse), petioles ciliate, short; fls. nodding; ped. axillary; stam. united in a very short tube at base, with intermediate processes.- Moist meadows and prairies, Can. and U. S. The fls. resemble those of the L. ciliata. St If to 18' high, simple or branched. Lvs. 1 to 3' by 3 to 8", the two upper pairs usually approximate, forming a whorl of 4, with 4 axillary fls. Jl. (L. angustifolia Lam. L. heterophylla Mx.)
7 L. ciliata L Subsimple, erect; lvs. opposite, rarely quaternate, ovate, sub-cordate or ovate-lanceolate, petioles ciliate upper side; fls. nodding mostly opposite ; sta. distinct, with 5 abortive filaments.- In gravely soils and near streams, U. S. and Can. Root creeping. Stern somewhat 4-sided, 2-3f high, simple or with a few opposite branches. Leaves large, pointed, somewhat cordate at base, on petioles fringed with cileae, the upper ones apparently quaternate. Flowers large, yellow, axillary. Stamens inserted into a ring. Jl
β. tonsa. Petioles entirely destitute of cileae; lvs. smaller.-Mts. E. Tenn., near the Cumberland Gap. Plants 6 to 18' high.
8 L. radicans Hook. St erect at base, glabrous, then decumbent, long, trailing, branching and rooting at the joints; lvs. lance-ovate, gradually acute, the long petioles more or less ciliate; fls. small, loosely paniculate on the slender branches. -Wet places, Va. (Aikin) to La. (Hale). Sts. 2 to 4f long. Petioles half as long (1) as the leaves. Fls. half as large as in No. 4.
9 L. nummularia L. Moneywort. St. weak, trailing; lvs. roundish, subcor-date, obtuse, on very short petioles; fls. opposite, axillary, large, sep. ovate, sub-cordate, acuminate.-Found at Middlebury, Vt (Prof. Lathrop), and shores of L. Mich. (Nutt). Eur.
10. ANAGAL'LIS, L. Scarlet Pimpernel. Poor Man's Weatherglass. (Gr. to laugh; it is said to be medicinally efficacious in hypochondria.) Calyx 5-parted ; cor. rotate, deeply 5-parted, longer than the calyx, tube 0; sta. 5, hirsute; anth. introrse; caps, globous, membranaceous, circumscissile. Herbs with square stems and (mostly) opposite lvs. Ped. axillary, solitary. (Fig. 39.)
A. arvensis L. Procumbent, branched; lvs. broad-ovate, opposite or ternate, sessile; ped. longer than the leaves; sep. linear-lanceolate, about equaling the petals; pet. crenate-glandular.- A trailing plant, in fields, road-sides, Ac, U. S. (except the colder parts of N. Eng.), and in almost all other countries. Stem 6-20' long, with elongated branches, or simple. Leaves 6-8" by 4-6". Fls;. small but pretty, with scarlet petals, opening at 8 o'clock, a. m., and closing at 2 p. m., in damp weather not open at alt Jn.-Aug.-Dr. Buel of Killington, Ct, sent us specimens with blue flowers !
11. CENTUN'CULUS, L. False Pimpernel. Calyx 4-parted; cor. urceolate-rotate, 4-cleft, shorter than the calyx ; sta. 4, beardless, united at base; caps, globous, circumscissile; seeds very minute.- Very diminutive, with alternate lvs. Fls. axillary, solitary, subsessile.
C. minimus L. Erect or ascending, branched; lvs. subsessile, ovate or lance-ovate, obtusish, entire, alternate, lower opposite; sep. linear-subulate, equaling the capsule.-Wet places, Ill. (Mead), and Southern States. Plant 1 to 2' high in Ill, but 3 to 6' long in La. Leaves about 2" by 1". Flowers reddish ? Jl
12- SAH'OLUS, L. Water Pimpernel. (Celtic san, salutary, mos, a pig ; a specific for the diseases of swine, says Pliny.) Calyx partly adherent, 5-cleft; cor. hypocrateriform, 5-cleft; sta. 5, alternating with 5 scales (sterile filaments) ; caps, dehiscent at top by 5 valves, many-seeded. -Herbs with alternate lvs. Fls. corymbous or racemous. (Fig. 272.)
S. valerandi L. β. americanus (Gray). St. simple or branched; lvs. obtuse, ovate or obovate, the radical petiolate; fls. in a raceme or panicle of racemes, pe-dicels with a minute bract near the middle; pet. longer than the sep.-In wet, gravelly places, frequent throughout the country. Sts. 6' to If high, simple when first flowering, becoming often much branched. Lvs. thin, about 1' long. Ped. less than 1', with small (near 2" diam.) milk white fls. A white spot in the axils of the branches. Jl.-Sept. (North), Apr.-Jl. (South). (S. floribunda of authors.)