2 P. serrulata Lindl. Lvs. oblong, acute, serrulate; pedicels longer than calyx. - China. Lvs. very smooth and shining. Fls. small, white. Both are hardy at the South.

10. ERIOBO'TRYA, Lindl. Loquat. (Gr.Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 612 wool, Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 613 a cluster of grapes; alluding to its villous flowers.) Calyx woolly, of 5 obtuse teeth; petals bearded; stamens erect, as long as the sepals; styles 5, filiform, included, hairy; pome 3 to 5-celled, closed; chalaza none; radicle retracted within the cotyledons. - Shrubs or trees, with persistent lvs.

E. Japonica Lindl. Lvs. lanceolate, wavy, and serrate; fls. in terminal, woolly racemes, with very short pedicels; fr. oval or roundish. - Cultivated and hardy at the South. 1 is. small (3" diam.), white. Fr. about the size of the gooseberry, bright yellow, and agreeable in taste, ripe early. † Japan.

11. AMELAN'CHIER, Medic. Shad-Flower. Wild Service. (Fr. Amelancier, the popular name of A. vulgaris.) Calyx 5-cleft, petals 5, oblong-obovate or oblanceolate; stamens short; styles 5, somewhat united at base; pome 3 to 5-celled, cells partially divided, 2-secded.- Small trees or shrubs. Lvs. simple, serrate. Fls. racemous, white.

A. Canadensis Torr. & Gr. Lvs. oval or oblong-ovate often cordate at base, acuminate or cuspidate or mucronate, sharply serrate, smooth; rac. loose, elongated; segm. of the cal. triangular-lanceolate, nearly as long as the tube; petals linear-oblong or oblanceolate; fr. purplish, globous. - A small tree or shrub, found in woods, U. S. and Brit. Am., rarely exceeding 35f in height. Lvs. 2 to 3' long, downy-tomentous when young, at length very smooth on both sides, very acute and finely serrate. Fls. large, white, in terminal racemes, appearing in early spring, rendering the tree quite conspicuous in the yet naked forest. Fruit pleasant to the taste, ripening in June. (Pyrus Botryapium L. f.)Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 614 oblongifolia T. &. G. Shrubby; lvs. oblong-oval, mucronate, and with small, sharp serratures; rac. and flowers smaller; pet. oblong-obovate, thrice longer than the calyx. (A. ovahs Hook.)

Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 615 rotundifoliv T. &. G. Lvs. broad-oval; petals linear-oblong. Shrub 10 to 20f high. (Pyrus ovalis Willd.)

Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 616 alxifolia T. & G. Shrubby or arborescent; lvs. orbicular-oval, rounded or retuse at each end, serrate only near the apex; pet. linear-oblong; stam. very short. (Aronia alnifolia Nutt.)

Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 617 OLIGOCARPA T. & G. Shrubby; lvs. mostly glabrous from the first, elliptic-oblong, cuspidate; rac. 2 to 4-flowered, pet. obovate-oblong. - Mountain swamps, N. H., N. Y. and northward.

12. CRATAEGUS, L. Thorn. Hawthorn. (Gr.Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 618 strength; on account of the firmness of the wood.) Calyx urceolate, limb 5-cleft; petals 5; stamens ∞; ovaries 1 to 5, with as many styles; pome fleshy, containing 1 to 5 bony, 1-seedcd carpels, and crowned at the summit by the persistent calyx and disk. - Trees or shrubs, armed with thorns. Lvs. simple, often lobed. Bracts subulate, deciduous, mostly glandular. Fls. corymbous.

§ Corymbs 6 to 30-flowered, appearing with the leaves. (a)

a Villous or pubescent. Lvs. plicate or sulfate alone the veins.................

Nos. 1, 2

a Pubescent. Lvs. plain, not at all plicate, cleft or not.........................

Nos. 3, 4

a Glabrous throughout. - Lvs. abrupt at base, lobed, petioled....................

Nos. 5 - 7

- Lvs. attenuate at base, seldom lobed.................

Nos. 8, 9

§ Corymbs 1 to 6-flowered, - appearing before the downy leaves............................

........

No. 10

- appearing with the leaves, - pubescent.....................

No. 11

- glabrous............................

Nos. 12, 13

1 C. tomentosa L. Black Thorn. Lvs. broad-ovate or oval, abrupt at lose, the margin doubly and sharply serrate or cut into many small lobes, villous or pubescent when young as well as the petioles and compound corymbs of large fls., veins prominent beneath, sulcate above; fruit rather largo (8 to 9" diam.) oval or globular, 5-carpeled, 2 to 5-seeded, crimson, tinged yellowish. - Can. to Ky. and Car. Mts. A large 3hrub or tree 15 to 25f high. Lvs. half grown with the handsome white fls., finally 2 to 3' by 1 to 2'. Fl. Apr., May. Fr. Jl. Aug.

Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 619 plicata. Lvs. smaller, nearly glabrous and strongly plicate. Vt. (T. & G.), N. H. and N. Y.

Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 620 pyrifoliv Ait. Lvs. ovate-elliptic or oval, acute at base, and with the slender petioles and corymbs thinly pubescent, plicate, sharply toothed and slightly cut-lobed. Styles mostly 3. - Mich, to Iowa.

Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 621 flabellata Bosc. Lvs. roundish-cuneiform or somewhat fanshaped, glabrous, dentate and cut-lobed above; corymbs and bracts pubescent, glandular. - Ill., Iowa.

Rosaceae Roseworts Part 4 622 mollis Gray. Lvs. large, softly villous, subcordate, with the margin quite conspicuously, many (9 to 13)-lobcd; corymbs canescently villous; fruit downy when young. - Ohio to lowa.

2 C. punctata Jacq. Lvs. cuneiform-olovate, doubly and often incisely serrate, entire at base, and narrowed to a short, winged petiole, veins straight and prominent, pubescent beneath; corymbs and cal. villous-pubeseent; sty. 3 (1 or 2); fr. globous, punctate. - Borders of woods, U. S. and Can. Tree 12 to 25f high. Branches wide-spreading, crooked, covered with cinerous bark. Thorns stout, sharp, 1 to 2' long. sometimes wanting. Lvs. 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 long, 1/2 as wide, acute or short acuminate; petioles 1/2 to 1' long. Fls. white, in somewhat leafy, compound corymbs of 8 to 15. Fr. 5 to 8' diam., red or yellowish, eatable in Sept. Fls. Apr. - Jn

3 C. arborescens Ell. Unarmed; lvs. lanceolate, acute at each end, deeply serrate, glabrous above, pubescent in the axles of the veins beneath; cal. hairy, segm. subulate, obtuse, entire; sty. 5. - Fort Argyle, on the Ogeechee R. (Elliott). A tree 20 to 30f high, with spreading branches. Petioles short, with shorter, linear-lanceolate caducous stipules. Segm. of the cal. reflected. Fr. small, red, 3" diam. Mar., Apr.