1 V. thapsus L. Common Mullein. Lvs. decurrent, densely tomentous on both sides; rac. spiked, dense; three of the stamens down}-, two of them smooth.- The tall, dense, club-shaped spikes of the common mullein are very conspicuous in every slovenly field and by all roadsides, U. S. and Can. Stem erect, 3-5f high, woolly, its angles winged by the decurrent base of the leaves, generally simple, occasionally with one or two branches above. Flowers rotate, of a golden yellow, nearly sessile. Jn.-Aug. § Eur.
2 V. Blattaria L. Moth Mullein. Lvs. clasping, oblong, smooth, serrate; ped. 1-flowered, solitary, raceinous.- Grows in waste grounds, roadsides, N. Eng. to Ind. and S. States. Stem 3f high, branching above, bearing a terminal, leafy raceme 2-4' long. Lower leaves oblong, obovate; upper ones cordate-ovate, all coarsely and doubly serrate. Flowers on pedicels near an inch in length. Corolla yellow or white, marked with brown at the back. Stamens unequal, purplish, the filaments all hairy. Jn., Jl. § Eur.
3 V. Lychnitis L. White Mullein. Whitish subtomentous; st. and paniculate branches angular; lvs. green above, crenate, lower petioled, narrowed to the base, upper ones sessile; panicle pyramidal, fascicles loosely many-flowered; cab small, with lance-subulate segments; fil. with white wool.-Sandy fields near Oneida Lake, S. to Ga., rare. Leaves very canescent beneath. Flowers pale yellow. § Eur.
5. LIN A' Rl A, Juss. Toad-flax. (Lat. linum, flax; from the ro-resemblance of the leaves of some of the species.) Calyx 5-parted; corolla personate, upper lip bifid, reflexed, lower 3-cleft; throat closed by the prominent palate ; tube inflated, with a spur behind; capsule 2-celled, bursting at the summit.-Herbs. Lower lvs. generally opposite, upper alternate. Fls. solitary, axillary, often forming terminal, leafy racemes.
§ Prostrate, with hastante leaves, and capsule opening by 2 lids....................................
§ Erect, with narrow leaves. Capsule with valves.-Wild plants..................
Nos. 2, 3
Nos. 4, 5
1 L. Elatine L. Procumbent, hairy; lvs. alternate, hastate, entire: ped. solitary, very long.- Fields, Can. to Car. A small, creeping species. St. 1 to 2f in length. Lvs. 6 to 8" by 3 to 4", with a conspicuous auricle each side at base. Cor. yellow, the upper lip bright purple beneath, on long stalks. Cal. hairy, as well as the whole plant Jn.-Sept.
2 L. Canadensis Dumont. Lvs. scattered, erect, linear, obtuse: fls. racemed st. simple ; scions procumbent; fls. blue.- A small species in road-sides, fields' Can. and U. S. St. very slender, nearly simple, 6 to 12' high, smooth, furnished with small, remote lvs. A few leafy, prostrate or ascending shoots are given off from the base of the stem, having roundish, opposite or whorled lvs. Fls. small, in a loose raceme. Throat closed by the light blue palate. Spur filiform, as long the corolla, but in the very slender Southern variety much shorter or 0. Jn.- Sept.
3 L. vulgaris Mill. Common Toad-flax. Lvs. linear-lanceolate, crowded; spikes terminal,fls. dense, imbricate; cal. smooth, shorter than the spur.- A very showy plant, common by roadsides, N. Eng. to Ky. and Ga. St. erect, smoothish, 1 to 2f. high, very leafy, and with numerous short, leafy branches. Cor. yellow, with a long spur, mouth closed with a prominent orange-colored palate. Jl-Aug. § Eur.
β. Peloria. Cor. regular or nearly so, ventricous, with 5 spurs and 5 stamens, or with 3 spurs. Poughkeepsie(W. S. Gerard), Chester Co., Pa. (Darlington.)
4 L. triornithophorum Willd. Three-birds. Erect, spreading, smooth and glaucous; lvs. all verticillate in 3s or 4s, broad-lanceolate, acute; fls. interruptedly racemous, generally verticillatc, on long pedicels.- A showy plant, 2 to 4f high, remarkable for the form and hue of the corolla, which resembles three little birds seated in the spur. † Eur.
5 L. bripartita Willd. Glabrous, erect; lvs. linear, alternate; pedicels much longer than the cal.; scp. lance-linear, acute, membranous at the margin; cor. upper lip deeply 2-parted; spur slender, arcuate.-A beautiful annual. Cor. 8 to 10" long, violet-blue, palate orange, † Barbary.
6. ANTIRRHI'NUM, L. Snap-dragon. (Gr. , like, , a nose; from a fancied resemblance.) Calyx 5-sepaled; corolla gibbous (not spurred) at base, the upper lip bifid, reflexed, lower trifid, closed by the prominent palate; caps, valvelcss, dehiscent by 3 pores.-European herbs with the lower lvs. opposite, the upper alternate. Inflorescence as in Linaria.
1 A. Majus L. Lvs. lanceolate, opposite; (fls. racemed; sep. glandular-hairy, lanceolate, obtuse, short.- An elegant and popular garden flower, 1 or 2f high. Flowers large, pink-colored, the lower lip white and the mouth yellow, with a gibbous prominence at base beneath. There are varieties with scarlet, scarlet and white, and double flowers. \
2 A. Orontrum, β. grandiflorum Chav.-Glabrous or hairy above, spreading; lvs. oblong-lanceolate; fls. remote, rabsessile, upper ones subracemous; cal segments equaling the corolla, and ovoid and very oblique capsule.- A showy garden plant, 1-2f high. Cor. C" long, rose-color or white, with purple spots and veins, †
7. MAURAN'DIA, Ort. (Named for the lady of Dr. Maurandy of Carthagena.) Calyx 5-parted ; corolla tubular, gibbous at base; palate prominent or with 2 folds; capsule ovoid-globous, base oblique, cells opening by many valve-like teeth.- Mexican herbs, with long, flex-uous branches, climbing or twining.