2 V. Anagallis L. Glabrous erect; lvs. sessile, clasping and subcordate, lanceolate, acutish, entire or serrulate; rac. in opposite axils; caps, orbicular, slightly notched. - , A smooth, fleshy plant, frequenting the borders of brooks and pools, Can. and U. S. Stem about If high. Leaves 2-3' by 6-7". Racemes (sometimes but 1 at a node) longer than the leaves, loose, pedicels (2-3") scarcely longer than the bracts. Flowers bluish-purple, small Jn., Jl.
3 V. Americana Schwenitz. Brooklime. Glabrous, decumbent at base, erect, above; Ivs. ovate or ovate-oblong, acute or obtusish; serrate, petiolate, abrupt at base ; rac. opposite, loose; caps, roundish, turgid, emarginate.- In brooks and char waters, Can. and U. S. Plant rather fleshy, very smooth, 12-18'long, more or les3 decumbent and rooting at base. Leaves 1-2' long, petioles margined. Racemes longer than the leaves. Pedicels (3-5") twice longer than the bracts. Flowers blue or bluish-purple. Jn., Jl.-(V. Beccabunga Am. authors.)
4 V. Scutellaria L. Skull-cap. Speedwell. Glabrous, ascending, weak; Ivs. linear or lance-linear, sessile, acute, remotely denticulate; rac. in alternate axils very loose; pedicels divaricate; capsule flat, broader than long, cordate at both ends.- Slender and weak, in swamps and marshes, N. Eng. and W. States, and Brit. Am., common. St. 10 to 16' high. Lvs. (2 to 3' by 2 to 3") much longer than the internodes. Pod. and pedicels filiform, the latter (6 to 9") six times longer than the bracts. Fls. rather large, flesh-color, with purple lines. Jn.- Aug.
5 V. officinalis L. Officinal Speedwell. Roughish-pubescent; St. prostrate, branched; lvs. briefly petiolate, and subsesiile, obovate-elliptic or oblong, obtuse, serrate, mostly narrowed to the base; rac. dense, many-flowered; pedicels shorter than the calyx; caps, puberulent, obovate-triangular, slightly emarginate.- In dry woods and open fields, Can. to Ga., rare. Plant trailing, 6 to 12' long, with ascending branches. Lvs. 1' to 18" by 6 to 9". Fls. pale blue, forming rather long, axillary, erect, pedunculate spikes. May-Jl § Eur.
6 V. Buxbaumii Tenore. Prostrate, hairy; lvs. roundish-ovate, coarsely cre-nate-serrate, the floral similar, all on short petioles; ped. longer than the lvs. ; caps, triangular-obcordate, broader than long.-Rare in waste grounds, E. States. Plant 7 to 12' long, lvs. nearly 1' long. Cal. spreading 4 to 6". Cor. larger than the calyx, blue. Caps, ∞-seeded.
7 V. agr6stis L. Neckweed. St. procumbent, diffusely branching; lvs. cordate-ovate, deeply crenate-serrate, floral similar, all petiolate; ped. as long as the leaves: caps. roundish, acutely notched, ∞-seeded.- In cultivated fields, Can. and Atlantic States, not common. A small, pilous plant, 2 to 8' long, branching mostly at base. The lvs. are roundish-ovate, the lower shorter than their petioles, the upper alternate. Fls. small, light blue, veined, their stalks recurved in fruit. Segm. of the cal. fringed, ovate, equal. May-Sept. § Eur.
8 V. hederaefolia L. Prostrate, pilous; lvs. petiolate, cordate, roundish, coarsely 3 to 5-toothed or lobed; ped. scarcely longer than the lvs.; sep. triangular, subcordate, acute, closed in fruit; caps, turgid, 4-seeded.-Dry or rocky soils, L. Isl. to Del., rare. St. diffusely branched. Lvs. rather fleshy, 6 to 12" diam., the upper larger and alternate. Cal. segm. ciliate. Cor. smaller than the calyx, blua. Mar., May. § Eur.
9 V. serpyllifolia L. Subglabrous, much branched below; sts. ascending; lvs. oval, subcrenate, obtuse, lower roundish and petiolate, upper sessile, passing abruptly into oblong, entire, alternate bracts; ped. longer than the ovate sepals; caps, obcordate, broader than long.- Meadows and mountain valleys, in grass, etc., U. S. and Can. Plant varying in height from 3' to 12'. Leaves rather fleshy, 3-veined, 4-12" long, petioles 0-2". Racemes bracted, rather close in flower, elongating in fruit to 2-5'. Corolla scarcely exceeding the calyx, blue and white, penciled with purple lines. May-Aug.
10 V. alpina L. Branched at base, ascending; lvs. roundish-oval, subentire, very obtuse, short-petioled, upper elliptical and much smaller; rac. hairy, few-flowered, usually dense; pad about as long as the calyx; stam. shorter than the corolla; caps, obovate, emarginato.-White Mts., N. H. and Rocky Mts. Plant 1 to 5' long. Lvs. about 4" by 57. Fls. small, blue.-Scarcely distinguishable from dwarf specimens of No. 9.
11 V. peregrina L. Ascending, subglabrous; lvs. petiolate, oblong, few-toothed, obtuse, upper sessile, oblong, obtuse, serrate or entire, floral oblong-linear, entire, longer than the subsessilo flowers; caps, suborbicular, slightly notched, the lobes rounded.- Throughout N. Am., in fields or clayey soils. Plant often branched from the base, 4 to 10' high. Lvs. rather fleshy, the upper cauline, 6 to 11" long, floral much smaller. Sepals oblong, longer than the pale blue or white corolla. Caps, hardly broader than long. May, Jn. (V. Marilandica Willd.)
12 V. arvensis L. Corn Speedwell. Puberulent-pilous, simple or branched, erect or assurgent; lvs. ovate or roundish, subcordate, incisely cremate, lower ones petiolate, upper and floral alternate, lanceolate, crenate, sessile; ped. shorter than the calyx.-Frequent in dry fields, N. H. to Ga. and La. A small, pubescent, pale-green plant, 2 to 6' high. St. nearly erect, branching from the base, the leaves assurgent. Cor. shorter than the cal, pale blue, penciled with purple lines. May, Jn. §