3 L. incisa Torr. & Gr. Glabrous; lvs. lanceolate, sessile, not decurrent, sinuate-pinnatifid or incised; pappus awnless, lacerated; rays about 40, in 2 or 3 rows; ach. glabrous. - Ga. (Le Conte).
4 L. puberula Macbr. St clustered, tomentous or downy; lvs. lance-linear, occasionally toothed or incised, not decurrent; ach. hairy; pappus scales obtuse.- N. Car. to Fla. Sts. 1 to 2f high, usually many from one root. Lvs. 2 to 4' long, half-clasping. Rays 20 to 30, broadly wedge-shaped, spreading 1 1/2 to 2'. Apr., May. (H. pinnatifida Nutt.)
5 L. brevifolia Nutt. Nearly glabrous; lvs. all entire or nearly so, the cauline decurrent, the lower oblong-spatulate, obtuse, highest lanceolate, acute; ach. hairy. - N. Car. to Ala. St. 1 to 3f high, occasionally branched, aud with more than 1 head. Hd. about as largo as in No. 4. May, Jn.
67. BALDWIN'I A, Nutt. (To Dr. William Baldwin, one of our pioneer botanists.) Involucre scales imbricated in 2 to 4 rows, appres-sed, shorter than the disk, inner acute or acuminate; receptacle convex, deeply alveolate with horny walls; rays 8 to 20, neutral, in one row, narrow-cuneiform, 3-toothed; disk flowers $ , tube horny below ; achenia immersed in the cells, silky-villous, crowned with a pappus of 9 to 12 oblong scales. - Ц Herbs simple or corymbed, naked above, with alternate, linear, punctate lvs. and yellow fls.
1 B. uniflora Nutt. Puberulent, simple, 1 - flowered; hd. about 20-rayed; pappus 9-leaved.- Open swamps, Va. to Fla. and La., near the coast. Plant 1 to 2f high, striate-angled. Lvs. thick, linear-spatulato below, linear and bract-like above. Disk 7 to 8" wide, rays narrow, spreading nearly 2'. Cells of the receptacle just like a honey-comb, 2 to 3" deep. Jl. - Sept.
2 B. multiflora Nutt. Glabrow, much branched, with a corymb of fls.; lvs. very numerous, narrowly linear; rays about 10; pappus 12-leavcd; ach. marked with 12 rays on its flat summit. - Sand bills, Ga., Fla. riant 1 to 3f high, slender, the lvs. almost filiform. Hds. about 1 1/2 broad, including the rays. Invol. squar-rous. Aug., Sept (Actinospermum angustifolium T. & G.)
68. MARSHAL LIA, Schreb. False Scabish. (To Humphrey Marshall of Penn., one of our earliest botanical authors.) Involucre scales lance-linear, subequal, erect, in one or two rows; receptacle convex, with linear, rigid pales; flowers all tubular, £ ; corolla lobes slender spreading; achenia 5-angled; pappus of 5 or 6 membranous, awned scales. - Ц. Ornamental herbs, simple or branched, with alternate, entire, 3-veined lvs., and solitary long-stalked hds. of purplish fls. resembling a Scabish.
1 M. latifolia Ph. St simple, leafy; lvs. ovate'lanceolate, acuminate, sessile; scales rigid, acute; pales narrowly linear; pappus triangular-acuminate. - Dry soils, .Va. to Ala. (Shields) along the mountains. A smooth, handsome plant If high, with a slender, purple stem. Lvs. about 2' long, couspicuously 3-veined. Cor. 6 to 7" long, with slender tubes, scales half as long. May, Jn.
2 M. angustifolia Ph. St. mostly branched, leafy; lvs. below narrowly lanceolate, above narrowly linear, all acute; scales acute, pales setaceous; pappus ovate-acuminate. - Swamps, etc, N. Car., Tenn. to Fla. A beautiful plant. Sts. often clustered at base, If high. Lvs. 3 to 6' long, the lower petiolate, upper shorter, diminished to bristle form bracts. Jn. - Aug.
3 M. lanceolata Ph. Simple, leafy below, naked above; lvs. lanceolate or ob-lanceolate, mostly obtuse, tapering to a petiole, the upper sessile; scales oblong, linear, obtuse; pales spatulate; ach. pubescent - Upper districts N. Car. to Ga. and Ala. Sts. 1 to 2f high. Apr. - Jn.
69. AN'THEMIS, L. Chamomile. Involucre hemispherical, with nearly equal scales; rays numerous, pistillate; receptacle chaffy, con-Vex or conic; achenia crowned with a slight border. - European herbs with much divided lvs.
1 A. arvensis L. St. erect, hairy; lvs. bipinnatifid, hairy and canescent, segment? linear-lanceolate; ach. crowned with a narrow margin ; pales lanceolate, cuspidate, longer than the flowers. - (2) Grows in dry, cultivated fields. A pilous, inodorous plant, somewhat resembling the Mayweed. Stems diffusely branching, 8 - 15' high. Heads large, solitary on the leafless, downy summits of the branches. Disk yellow, rays white. July. § Eur.
2 A. nobilis L. St. prostrate, branching from the base, woolly; lvs. decompound-pinnatifid, segments linear, subulate; pales scarious, lanceolate, scarcely as long as the flowers. - Ц Grows wild occasionally in fields, and is cultivated in gardens. The strong and agreeable scent of the Chamomile is well known, also its tonic and anodyne qualities, which chiefly reside in the flowers. July - Sept § Eur.
70. MARU'TA, Less. May-weed. Involucre hemispherical, imbricated ; rays neutral; disk perfect; receptacle conical, chaffy (at least at the summit) ; pappus 0 ; achenia smooth. - European herbs, Avith alternate, much divided leaves. Rays white.
M. cotula DC. St erect, nearly smooth ; lvs. bipinnatifid, segments linear-subulate ; pales bristly, shorter than the flowers. - (1) Waste places, in hard, dry soils, especially by roadsides, in patches of great extent Stem branching, diffuse, If high, with alternate leaves divided and subdivided into a multitude of segments. Flowers solitary, on terminal, striated stalks. The plant is ill-scented. Linnaeus says it is grateful to toads, drives away fleas, and is annoying to flies. Jn.- Sept. § Eur. (Anthemis L)
71. ACHILLEA, L. Millfoil. Yarrow. (Named after Achilles, a disciple of Chiron, who first used the plant.) Involucre ovoid, of unequal imbricated scales; rays 5 to 10, short, pistillate ; receptacle flat, chaffy ; achenia without a pappus - Ц European herbs with much di-vided, alternate lvs. Hds. radiate.
1 A. Millefolium L. Lvs. bipinnatifid, with linear, dentate, mucronato segments ; st. furrowed, corymbed at top; scales oblong; rays 4 to 5, short. - Fields, pastures, etc, N. Eng. to Or. and Arctic America. St. a foot high branching at top into a dense, flat-topped corymb of white or rose-colored fls. It has an agreeable, pungent taste and smell. Jn. - Sept - The variety with rose-purple flowers is very pretty in gardens.