3 C. atriplicifolia L. St. terete; lvs. petiolate, smooth, glaucous beneath, palm-ate-voined, angularly lobed and dentate, the lower subcordate; fls. corymbed, erect; invol. 5-flowered. - N. Y. to Ga. and I11. St. 3 to 5f high, leafy. Lvs. alternate, the lower ones as largo as the hand, with large, unequal teeth or lobes, hds, small, ovoid-cylindric, whitish, loosely corymbous at the top of the branches. JI. - Sept.
4 C. diversifolia Torr. & Gr. Plant not glaucous; st. striate-angled; lower Iva. ovate, obtuse, repand-toothed, upper 3 to 5-lobed, somewhat hastate; kds., corymbs and fls. as in the preceding (of which it seems to be a variety). - Swamps along the Chattahoochee, Fla. Plant 2 to 3f high. May.
5 C. tuberdsa Nutt. St. angular-sulcate; Ivs. oval or ovate, strongly 5 to 7-veined, obtuse or subacute, entire or repand-dentieulate, not glacous, lower ones tapering into long petioles, upper ones on short petioles; hds, in compound corymbs. - Marshes, W. States. St. 2 to 5f high, branched above. Lvs. rather thick,
3 to 7' long, 2/3 as wide, veins converging to the apex. Hds. oblong, 5-leaved and 5-flowered, white. May. - Jl.
6 C. ovata Ell. St. terete; lvs. glaucous beneath, 3 to 5-veined, ovate and oval, entire or undulate-margined, contracted at base into petioles; corymb fastigiate.- Macon, Ga. (Mettauer), Ala., Fla., in moist woods. St. smooth, glaucous, 3 to 4f high. Lower lvs. on long petioles, rather obtuse; upper ones nearly sessile, rather acute. Scales broad-linear, acute. Jl. - Aug.
7 C. lanceolata Nutt. St. terete; lvs. glaucous beneath, 3-veined, lanceolate and lance-linear, entire or with few sharp teeth, lower tapering to petioles, upper sessile; corymb simple.- Wet grounds, Ga. Fla. St. 4 to 6f high. Lvs. below
4 to 6 long, diminishing upwards. Scales linear, acute. Aug., Sept.
8 C. coccinea Curt. Tassel Flower. Radical lvs. ovate-spatulate, cauline amplexicaul crenate; invol. ovate-cylindric, scales linear, at length reflexed; ach. ciliate; pappus in several rows. - A pretty garden flower, native of the E. Ind., etc. St. If or more high. Fls. bright scarlet. Jn. - Sept. A bed or patch sown thickly makes a fine appearance. (Emilia sagittata, DC.)
85. CINERARIA, Less. (Lat. cinereus, ash-colored ; for its soft, white down.) - Hds. radiate; rays pistillate; invol. scales in one row, scarious on the margin; recept. naked, flat; ach. beatless, obcom-pressed; papp. capillary. - Greenhouse shrubs with mostly alternate leaves.
1 C. amelloides Willd. Leaves opposite, ovate, smooth; peduncles each bearing a single head with blue rays. - Shrubby, 2 to 3f high. S. Africa.
2 C. speciosa Schrad. Lvs. alternate, reniform, denticulate, on inflated petioles; hds. in a simple raceme terminating the simple stem, with yellow rays. -Shrub 4 to 6f high, † Siberia.
3 discolor Willd. Lvs. alternate, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, denticulate, smooth, white beneath; hds. corymbous, with yellow rays. - Shrub 3 to 4f high. † Jamaica.
4 C. lanata Willd. Lvs. roundish, 7-angled, cordate, woolly beneath; hds. solitary on each peduncle; rays white within, of a vivid purple outside. - † Canaries. Very beautiful.
5 C. populifolia H. K. Lvs. somewhat angular, cordate, downy beneath, the petioles appendaged; hds. corymbous; rays red. - The florists have produced many hybrids of superior beauty; as the Rosy Morn, Jenny Lind, Vicar of Wakefield, etc.
86. SENE'CIO, L. Groundsel. (Lat. senex, an old man; the word is synonymous with Erigeron.) Involucre of many equal scales or invested with a few shorter ones at base; flowers all tubular, , or usually radiate and rays ♀; receptacle not chaffy; pappus simple, capillary and copious.- A vast genus embracing 600 species of herbs and shrubs. Lvs. alternate. Fls. mostly yellow, exceeding the invol.
§ Heads discoid. Root annual...........
§ Heads radiate. - Radical leaves undivided. Achenia glabrous....
- Radical leaves undivided. Achenia pubescent....................
.... Nos. 4, 5
- Radical leaves divided, as well as the cauline..............
...Nos. 6 - 8
1 S. vulgaris L. St. paniculate, erect, angular; lvs. sinuate-pinnatifid, dentate, amplexicaul.-(1) A weed growing about houses, in waste grounds, rubbish, etc. N. States. St. 18' high, leafy, branching, generally smooth. Lvs. alternate, thin, bright green, the radical ones stalked. Fls. without rays, terminal, scattered, yellow, appearing all summer. § Eur.
2 S. aureus L. Radical lvs. ovate, cordate, crenate-serrate, petiolate, cauline ones lyrate-pinnatifid, dentate, terminal segments lanceolate; ped. subumbellate, thick; rays 8 to 12 ; ach. glabrous. - Ц Plant with varying forms, in meadows, woods, (U. S. and Brit. Am.), with golden yellow fls. St. smoothish, striate, erect, 1 to 2 f high, simple, or branched above, terminating in a kind of umbellate, simple or compound corymb. Lower stem lvs. lyrate, upper ones few and slender. Ped. more or less thickened upwards. Scales linear, acute, purplish at apex. Rays spreading about 1. May - Aug.
ß balsamit.ae. St. villous at base; lvs. few, small and distant, pubescent radical ones oblong-lanceolate; ped. villous at base. - Rocky hills and pastures. (S. Balsamitas, Muhl.) y gracilis. Radical lvs. orbicular, on long petioles, cauline few, linear-oblong, incisely dentate; ped. short, pilous, with small, few-rayed heads. - A slender state of the species, on rocky shores. (S. gracilis, Ph.)
6 obovatus. Radical lvs. obovate to oblong-spatulate; ped. elongated.- Meadows, etc. (S. obovatus, Willd.)
έ lanceolatus. Radical lvs. lanceolate, acute, cauline lanceolate, pinnatifid at base - Shady swamps, etc.
3 S. obovatus Ell. Tomentous when young, at length glabrous; root lvs. obovate or roundish, crenale, with an attenuated sessile base, cauline few, small, cut-pinnate; corymb small; rays 10 to 12; ach. glabrous. - Va. to Fla. St. a foot high, nearly leafless. Lvs. mostly radical, near 3' broad and long, often slightly petioled; the upper lvs. rapidly diminished. Rays spreading about 1'. May.