Differs from B. Rutabulum principally in the long-decurrent auricled leaves and the dioecious inflorescence; from B. rivulare in the peristome, etc.
On stones by brooks in woods west of Ottawa, Ont., May 21st, 1885. (Macoun.)
(729.) B. gemmascens, C. M. & Kindb. (n. sp.)
Tufts very dense, green, finally rufescent. Stem irregularly branching, furnished with numerous male buds. Leaves narrow, ovate-lanceolate with a twisted point, faintly denticulate all around, crowded, not decurrent nor auricled; cells pale, nearly all narrow, only the lowest 1-2 rows of the basal dilated, the alar not larger than the inner; costa prolonged above the middle, vanishing below the acumen. Capsule small, round-oval, oblique; teeth dark-orange, segments shorter than the very high basal membrane, cilia not appendiculate; lid conic, short-pointed; pedicel minutely verrucose, about 1 cm. long. Monoecious. This species seems to be allied to B. Starkii, but well-distinct.
On wet logs along the Columbia River, above Revelstoke, B.G., May 12th, 1890. (Macoun.)
(730.) B. Donnellii, Aust. Coult. Bot. Gaz. IV., 162.
On rocks in McKay's woods, near Ottawa, Ont. (Macoun.)
Hypnum (Brachythecium) collinum, Schleich.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N, America, 339; Canadian Musci, No. 398.
On gravel on the prairie south of the Touchwood Hills, Assiniboia; on earth in the Cypress Hills, Alberta; on stones at the mouth of Smoky River, lat. 56° 20'; on dry rocks at Morley, Rocky Mountains; in ravines at Kamloops and on dry rocks at Lytton, B.C. (Macoun.) Cascade Mountains, B.C. (Lyall.) Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
(732.) B. pseudo-collinum, Kindb. (n. sp.)
Agrees with Brachythecium collinum in the pinnate and creeping stem, the decurrent leaves denticulate all around, the short, suboval capsule and the smooth pedicel; differs in the stems not being julaceous, the leaves larger and longer, ovate-lanceolate, more loosely disposed, spreading or patent, gradually tapering into the short, half-twisted acumen, the cells chlorophyllose, the alar ones larger, the costa longer, reaching above the middle. Monoecious.
The true Brachythecium collinum has short-ovate, appressed and imbricate leaves, suddenly narrowed with a prolonged filiform, not twisted, point; the upper cells are hyaline, the alar small, the costa generally short, reaching to the middle. It is a high-alpine plant.
Under a platform of a well at Canaan Forks, Queen's Co., N.B. (J. Moser.) Moser.)
(733.) B. velutinum, Bruch & Schimp. Bryol. Europ.
Hypnum (Brachythecium) relutinum, Linn.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N.
America, 339; Canadian Musci, No. 379.
Pend d'Oreille River, B.C. (Lyall.) On the bases of trees in woods at Belleville, Ont.; on earth in Gilmour's Park, Chelsea, Que.; on earth in woods, Brackley Point, Prince Edward Island. (Macoun.)
On earth near London, Ont. (J. Dearness.)
(734.) B. Starkii, Bruch & Schimp. Bryol. Europ.
Hypnum (Brachythecium) Starkii, Brid.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 341; Canadian Musci, No. 284.
Near New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Bass River, N.B. (Fowler's Cat.) Greenland. (Fl. Gr.) Miquelon Island. (Dela-mare.) Abundant on old logs and earth in woods at Rustico Bay, Prince Edward Island; on stones in brooks west of Ottawa; quite common on logs at Owen Sound, Ont.; at Comox, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)
(735.) B. cedi podium, (Mitt.)
Hypnum (Brachythecium) cedipodium, Mitt.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 342; Canadian Musci, No. 380, in part.
Lake Huron. (Dr. Todd.) Pack River, B.C. (Lyall.) Abundant in woods at Canaan Forks, Queen's Co., N.B. (J. Moser.) On old logs and earth in woods around Ottawa; on old logs in woods along the Columbia River at Revelstoke, B.C. (Macoun.)
(736.)B. curtum, Lindb.
B. oedipodium, Canadian Musci, No. 380, in part.
On earth in woods at Canaan Forks, Queen's Co., X.B. (J. Moser.) Very common at Brackley Point and Hunter's River, Prince Edward Island; also in McKay's bush, Ottawa, Ont. (Macoun.) Confounded with B. Starkii.
(737.) B. reflexum, Bruch & Schimp. Byrol. Europ.
Hypnum (Brachythecium) reflexum, Starke; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 342; Canadian Musci, No. 286.
Miquelon Island. (DelÓmare.) Battle Harbor, coast of Labrador. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Bass River and Fredericton, N.B. (Fowler's Cat.) Bases of trees, Gunn River, Anticosti; bases of trees and on earth at Hunter's River and Brackley Point, Prince Edward Island; on earth along the GaspÚ coast and at the base of Mount Albert, GaspÚ Co., Que.; on stones in woods at Owen Sound, Ont.; on stones along the Red. Deer River, west of Lake Winnipegoosis, Man; on earth at the bases of trees in woods at Revelstoke, B.C. (Macoun.) Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
(738.) B. Rutabulum, Bruch & Schimp. Bryol. Europ.
Hypnum (Brachythecium) Rutabulum, Linn.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 342; Canadian Musci, No. 287, in part; Drumm. Musc. Bor. - Am , Nos. 178, 179.
Upper Canada, near Nottawasaga Portage (179); shady woods; (178). (Drummond.) Placentia Bay and Green Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Bass River, N.B. (Fowler's Cat.) Miquelon Island. (DelÓmare.) Pictou Co., N.S. (McKay.) Wet ground, Dundas Ravine, near Hamilton, Ont. (Burgess.) This species is probably rare in Canada and often confounded with other ones.
(739.) B. spurio-rutabulum, C. M. & Kindb. (n. sp.)
Differs from Brachythecium Rutabulum in the dioecious inflorescence, the leaves distinctly plicate, longer cuspidate, and the rough, short pedicel, about 1 cm. long. The tufts are dense, the stems pinnate and creeping, the leaves shining, when dry very patent, loosely disposed, long-decurrent, borders recurved below to the middle, faintly denticulate.