31. E. vulpina, (Linn.) Ach.
A very common species in the Rocky Mountains above 5,000 feet altitude. We have specimens, generally in fine fruitrfrom Crow's Nest Pass, Bow River Pass, Moose Mountain, Devil's Lake Mountains and Sulphur Mountain at Banff; Deer Park, Arrow Lake, Columbia River; mountains at Spcnce's Bridge, B.C.; at lower altitudes at Parson's Mountain near Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) On Douglas fir on Todd Mountain, B.C., alt. 6,500 feet. (Dr. G. M. Dawson.)
32. E. furfuracea, (Linn.) Mann.
Rather rare in Canada and seldom collected. On trunks of trees, Deer Park, Lower Arrow Lake, Columbia River, B.C., June 6th, 1890. (Macoun.)
33. E. prunastri, (Linn.) Ach.
Arctic America. (Richardson.) On Rigaud Mountain, Vau dreuil Co., Que. (Rev. G. Ducharme.) On trees at Edmonton, Ont. (J. White.) Quite common in Ontario on old fences and always sterile. On old pine stumps and fences as well as on trees at Ottawa, Ont.; on fence-rails at Belleville and Brighton, Ont.; on trees at Chalk River, Renfrew Co.; Algonquin Park, Ont., June, 1900; on trees at North Bay, Lake Nipissing, and on trees along the Nipigon River, Lake Superior; on trees, Duck Mountain and Lake Winnipegosis, Manitoba; on trees at Morley and Jumping Pound Creek, foothills of Rocky Mountains; on rocks at Yale, B.C.; on trees at Victoria and Comox, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Pacific Coast. (Menzies.)
Var. gracilis, Ach.
On dry earth on a hillside at Farewell Creek, Cypress Hills, Assa.; not uncommon, June 27th, 1895. (Macoun.)
34. E. divaricata, (Linn.) Ach.
On branches of spruce trees in the swamps near Banff, Rocky Mountains; on spruce trees Mount Forget-me-nct, Elbow River, Rocky Mountains, alt. 7,000 feet, July 14th, 1897. (Macoun.)