On rocks at Truro, N.S. (Fowler's Cat.) On calcareous earth, Jupiter River, Anticosti; crevices of limestone rocks at Belleville, Ont. (Macoun.) Sandy banks of the St. Lawrence at Fox River, Gaspé Co., Que. (J. A. Allen.) Jakobshavn, Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
(219.) B. angustata, Wils.; Braithw. British Moss-Flora, 221; Canadian Musci, No. 413.
Resembling B. subulata, but more slender. Leaves narrowly ovate-lanceolate, acute, nearly smooth, margin incrassate, hyaline. Capsule paler, suberect, narrowly cylindric. On sandy soil near London, Ont. (J. Dearness.) On sand at the extreme end of Pelee Point, Lake Erie; on rocks at Morley, Rocky Mountains; on earth at Lytton, Spence's Bridge and Agassiz, B.C. (Macoun.)
(220.) B. ruralis, Hedw.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America 132; Canadian Musci, No. 82.
Tortula ruralis, Drumm. Musc. Bor. - Am., No. 143.
Various parts of the country; scarcely common. (Drummond.) On limestone rocks at Ottawa, Belleville, Owen Sound and Niagara Falls; also at Flat Rock Portage, Lake Nepigon; on rocks near Victoria, Vancouver Island; dry rocks, Kananaskis Station, Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.) Smith's Sound, between lat. 78°-82°. (Dr. Hayes.) Shannon Island, Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
(221.) B. alpina, Bruch & Schimp. On rocks, at Quesnel, B.C., May 29th. 1875. (Macoun.)
(222.) B. aciphylla, Bruch & Schimp.; Canadian Musci, No. 479.
On rocks, Mount Queest, Gold Range, B.C. (J. M. Macoun.) On rocks, mountains north of Griffin Lake, Gold Range, B.C.; dry rocks at Hector, Rocky Mountains, and in Roger's Pass, Selkirk Mountains, B.C. (Macoun.) Disco Island, Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
Allied to B. ruralis, but differs in the capsule being very much longer and cylindrical, at least twice the length of the conic operculum, the peristome shorter than the tubulose base and calyptra very much prolonged below the capsule, the middle leaves more distant, the upper leaves subacute not emarginate or rounded at the apex, and rather acute; the hair-point is red at the base, and the leaf-base narrowly or not margined, with pale-yellow cells.
On rocks, Cypress Hills, Alberta; common on rocks at Revel-stoke on the Columbia River, at Deer Park, Lower Arrow Lake, and Sproat at Pass Creek; on rocks at Sicamous and Yale, B.C.; very common on rocks at Victoria, Comox and other places on Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) It exists also as a variety with a smaller capsule.
(224.) B. laevipila, Bruch & Schimp.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 132.
Vancouver Island. (Lyall.) May this not be B. lato-excisa, C. M. & Kindb. ? (Macoun.)
(225.) B. brachyangia, C. M. & Kindb. (n. sp.)
Dioecious. Plants brown-ferruginous, 2-3 cm. high. Leaves small, the upper close, curved, short ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, the upper part scarcely longer than the sheathing base; margins slightly recurved in the middle; broad cells hyaline, nearly uniform; costa rough at back; hairpoint long, denticulate, the greater part pale red. Capsule small and short, oblong-cylindric, sub-symmetric; pedicel red 1.5-2 cm. long.
This species is very distinct from Barbula ruralis in the short, nearly flat leaves, the hyaline leaf-base, and the small capsule.
On rocks along Becscie River, Anticosti, September 3rd, 1883. Has been included in B. ruralis. (Macoun.)
(226.) B. lato-excisa, C. M. & Kindb. (n. sp.) B. Iaevipila, Canadian Musci, No. 74, in part.
Diners from Barbula leptotricha in the leaves being green, nearly flat at the borders; the outer basal cells faintly chlorophyllose, narrowly marginate.
On the bases of trees, on Mount Tolmie, near Victoria, Vancouver Island, May 20th, 1887. (Macoun.)
(221.) B. papillinervis, C. M. & Kindb. MS. (n. sp.)
Allied to B. ruralis. Upper leaves subacute, leaf-base narrowly margined, with pale-yellow cells; calyptra very much prolonged below the capsule.
On rocks at Câche Creek, B.C., May 25th, 1875; also on dry rocks at Revelstoke, Columbia River, B.C., 1890; on rocks west side of Lower Arrow Lake, Columbia River, B.C. (Macoun.)
(228.) B. leptotricha, C. M. & Kindb. (n. sp.)
Differs from Barbula ruralis, principally in the shorter leaves, emarginate at the apex, with a fine and nearly smooth hair-point; the basal cells hyaline.
On limestone rocks, Point Wilkins, Lake Winnipegoosis, Manitoba, July 16th, 1881. (Macoun.)
(229.) B. (Syntrichia?) rotundo-emarginata, C.M.&Kindb.
(n. sp.) '
Dioecious. Plants loosely tufted, brown, about 1 cm. high. Stem beset with emarcid leaves or naked below. Comal leaves close, patent when moist, scarcely curved, papillose, short obcordate, not sheathing; margins slightly or not recurved; cells subquadrate, the inner basal greater and hyaline; costa red and thick, faintly rough at back, excurrent into a long, hyaline, or at the base reddish, more or less denticulate hair-point.
This species belongs either to the section Syntrichia or to Eubarbula (Cuneifolioe); the leaves are larger than in Barbula carnifolia.
(230.) B. Muelleri, Bruch & Schimp.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of North America, 133; Canadian Musci, No. 83.
On earth in the mountains at Yale, B.C.; on rocks in the vicinity of Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) On rocks, Alert Bay, Vancouver Island. (Dawson.) Alaska. (Roth. Alask.)
(190.) B. caespitosa, Schwaegr.
On earth by rocks at Revelstoke, B.C. (Macoun.)
(198.) B. subgracilis, C. M. & Kindb. var. viridior, Kindb.
Plants higher, about 1.5-2 cm. high, green and branching above, decolorate-brown below. Leaves when dry crispate, more papillose; costa green. Capsules not found.
On rocks along the Sydenham River, near Jones Falls, Owen Sound, Ont, September 17th, 1890. (Macoun.)
(941.) B. vinealis, Braun.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 124.
On rocks, near the Whirlpool, Niagara Falls, Ont. (Macoun.) White Bay, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.)
(200.) B. fallax, Hedw.
On rocks, wet with spray, Canon of the Illicillewaet, at Revelstoke, B.C. (Macoun.) Drummond's No. 139 referred here belongs to the next species.
(942.) B. pseudo-rigidula, Kindb. (n. sp.)
B. rigidula, Canadian Musci, No. 412, in part.
Agrees with Barbula rigidula in the tufts being fuscescent, the leaves from a short erect base patent or recurved, contorted when dry, long-lanceolate, revolute below, nearly smooth, basal cells pellucid and rectangular, costa brown, nearly filling the narrow acumen; differs in the leaf-borders not being thickened, the inner perichetial leaves from an oblong base, narrower acuminate with a long excurrent costa; the peristome pale and distinctly contorted.
On earth by a brook at Lytton, B.C., April 17th, 1889. (Macoun.) (See No. 205.)
(205.) B. spadicea, Mitt.
On rocks along the Fraser Eiver at Yale, B.C., December 9th, 1872. (Macoun.)
(207.) B. brachyphylla, Sulliv. var. angustifolia, C. M. & Kindb.
Tufts compact sparingly radiculose to the greater part, rusty-red, bright-green at the summit, 1-2 cm. high. Leaves shortly ovate-lanceolate, acute or subobtuse, indistinctly papillose, densely disposed, when dry appressed, borders reflexed nearly all around; cells small, round-quadrate; costa broad, reddish and percurrent. Barren.
(210.) B. cylindrica, Schimp. Ounalaska Island, Behring Sea, 1891. (J. M. Macoun.)
(943.) B. decursivula, Kindb. (n. sp.)
Tufts rusty-red with green tops, about 2 cm. high. Stem radiculose below, not rigid; branches long and filiform. Leaves small, when dry loosely appressed, open when moist, very broad at the base, subovate or ovate-oblong, acute or subobtuse, nearly smooth or faintly papillose at back, loosely disposed, long-decurrent; borders reflexed nearly all around; cells pellucid, subquadrate, only the alar elongate; costa reddish, broad and percurrent. Barren.
This species, resembling Barbula brachyphylla in the short-leaves, etc, differs in the thinner branches and the leaves smaller, loosely disposed and long-decurrent.
On earth, on rocks at Hector, Rocky Mountains, August. 15th, 1890. (Macoun.)
(214.) B. convoluta, Hedw. var. obtusata, Kindb. (n. var.)
Differs in the leaves being broader, generally obtuse, rarely subacute, and not apiculate.
On limestone rocks at the base of the cliff, Owen Sound, Ont., September 16th, 1890. (Macoun.)
(220.) B. ruralis, Hedw.
Shore of Lake Erie, at Port Colborne, Ont.; on dry rocks at Bevel-stoke, B.C. Peculiar forms of this species have been gathered on the east end of the Cypress Hills, Alberta; and on Mount Aylmer, north side of Devil's Lake, Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.)
(222.) B. aciphylla, Bruch & Schimp.
On rocks at Battle Harbor, Labrador. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Abundant on Mount Aylmer, Devil's Lake, Rocky Mountains, alt. 8,300 feet. (Macoun.)
(223.) B. megalocarpa, Kindb.
On rocks "Dry Canon, discharge of Devil's Lake, Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.)
(944.) B. Iseviuscula, Kindb. (n. sp.)
Tufts brown, radiculose at the base of the leaves, 3-4 cm. high. Leaves narrow, Ungulate, carinate, nearly smooth or indistinctly papillose at the recurved borders; lower marginal cells of the leaf-base hyaline, short-rectangular in 1-2 rows, median yellow and porose in 2-3 rows, inner larger, longer and hyaline; costa red, indistinctly papillose at back, denticulate and hyaline near the long hispid hair-point. Capsule subcylindric, attenuate at the base to the pedicel; peristomial tubes very much shorter than the pale teeth.
Differs from Barbula ruralis principally in the nearly smooth leaves, the narrower capsule and the thinner pedicel.
On rocks on the summit of Tunnel Mountain, Banff, Rocky Mountains, July 6th. 1890. (Macoun.)
(945.) B. (Syntrichia) --------?
This is in a barren state and hence doubtful. It differs from B. ruralis in the leaves being emarginate, less reflexed at the borders and the hair-point less hispid, etc.
On rocks at the base of Sulphur Mountain, Banff, Rocky Mountains, June 28th, 1891. (Macoun.)
(227.) B. papillinervis, C. M. & Kindb. On Bolster Rocks, Labrador. (Rev. A. Waghorne.)