(319.) U. intermedia, Schimp. Syn. (ed. II.) 305 ?
U. crispa var. minor, Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 162.
On trees in Upper Canada (Ontario). (Drummond.) On trees near Belleville, Hastings Co., Ont. (Macoun.) Miquelon Island. (DelÓ-mare.)
(320.) U. crispula, Brid.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N.America, 163; Canadian Musci, No. 114.
On trees at New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) On trees along Jupiter River, Anticosti; also along the Ste. Anne des Monts River, Gaspe' Co., Que.; at Sudbury Junction, abundant on trees in Hastings and Northumberland counties, and Owen Sound, Ont, (Macoun.) On beech trees, Bass River, Kent Co., N.B. (Fowler's Cat.) On trees, Tay, York Co., and Canaan Forks, Queen's Co., N.B. (J. Moser.) Pictou, N.S. (McKay.)
(321.) U. phyllantha, Brid.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 163; Canadian Musci, No. 116, in part.
On the bases of trees at Louisburg, Cape Breton Island; at Yarmouth N.S. (Macoun.) Miquelon Island. (DelÓmare.)
(322.) U. maritima, C. M. & Kindb. (n. sp.)
Differs from Ulota phyllantha., Brid., in the short oval capsule, with a short collum, the pedicel shorter and thicker, curved when moist, the leaves long, attenuate to the subulate apex, distinctly papillose, the costa narrower, rough at back.
This species differs from the preceding species in the curved pedicel of the capsule; it has not hitherto been found fruiting in Europe. The allied Ulota phyllantha has the leaves nearly sublinear above the middle, short-acuminate and obtuse, faintly papillose, the costa smooth at back, the capsule longer with a long collum and a long, fine and straight pedicel; it grows, probably, always on trees; U. maritima is only found on rocks near the sea; also in Sweden, etc.
On rocks surrounded by the tide at Hastings, B.C.; also on rocks close to the sea at Vesuvius Bay, Salt Spring Island, Gulf of Georgia, May 9th. 1887; and at Comox, Vancouver Island, April 30th, 1887. (Macoun) On rocks, Texada Island, B.C. 1885. (Dawson.) Ounalaska Island, Behring Sea and Kadiak, Island, Alaska. 1891. (J. M. Macoun.) Miquelon Island. (DelÓmare.)
(323.) U. camptopoda, Kindb. (n.sp.); Canadian Musci, No. 582.
Stem not creeping. Leaves, when dry, crisped, when moist patent or squarrose, often curved, faintly papillose, from a short dilated ventricose base, suddenly narrowed into the acute or subulate acumen, borders recurved at the base, and also often above on one side; outer basal cells, disposed in 2-5 rows, quadrate-rectangular thick-walled, inner narrow, orange, upper rotundate; costa elevate, stout percurrent. Capsule small, long-necked, when dry faintly plicate, narrow, sub-cylindric and not constricted below the mouth, obovate when moist; teeth bigerminate, pale, when dry recurved; cilia none; lid long-apiculate; pedicel long, but not much emergent, flexible, more or less curved or geniculate, in younger as well as in the dry state; calyptra densely hairy, covering the capsule.
Habit of U. crispula. Agrees with U. maritimam the curved pedicel; differs from U. Ludwigii in the narrower capsule. Growing together with U. Ludwigii on trees along the creek north of the tollgate on the Aylmer Road near Hull; also on the pales on the south west corner of the cemetery west of Hull on the Aylmer road, Que. 1891. (Macoun.)
(324.) U. Barclayi, Mitt.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 164; Mitt. Journ. Linn. Soc. VIII., 26.
(325.) U. connectens, Kindb. (n. sp.); Canadian Musci, No. 557.
Orthotrichum connectens, Kindb. Ott. Nat. IV, 64.
Monoecious. Tufts soft, pulvinate, green above, blackish below. Stems erect. Leaves from an ovate concave base linear-lanceolate, when dry very much crisped, when moist subarcuate, short-attenuate to the acute apex; borders revolute above the base, for the greater part, at least on one side, distinctly papillose, also at the back; cells at basal wings sub-quadrate hyaline with incrassate transverse walls, those next the costa narrower, rectangular, in straight rows, the lowest orange; costa pale, subpercurrent. Male flower at the side of the female. Inner perigonial leaves broad, short-ovate, obtusate or suddenly short-acuminate; cells round only in the acumen, the others narrow, the lower basal wider and yellow; antheridia about 9, with several para-physes. Perichetial leaves with sublinear basal cells. Capsule dark-brown, short subovoid, not contracted on the mouth, costate; pedicel short, scarcely emergent. Calyptra densely hairy.
This species is a true Ulota, although the revolute leaf-borders, the distinctly papillose cells and the short pedicellate capsule are more like to an Orthotrichum.
On cedar trees in Dow's Swamp near Ottawa; on trees at Owen Sound, Ont., Sept. 17th, 1890. (Macoun.)
309. U. Drummondii, Brid.
On trees and roots, Big Intervale, Margaree, and on rocks, Halfway Brook, Cape Breton Island, N.S., 1898. (Macoun.) On trees, Chilliwack Valley, B.C., may be a new species. (J. M. Macoun) On bark of Alnus at Sheep Camp, Dyea Creek, Alaska. (Williams)
310. U. Ludwigii, Brid.
On trees at Baddeck and Margaree, Cape Breton Island, N.S., July, 1898. (Macoun) On old fences at Edmonton, Ont., 1892. (Jas. White) On trees in woods at Ottawa, Ont., on trunks, Algonquin Park, Ont., June, 1900. (Macoun.)
312. U. Bruchii, Hornsch.
Weissia Bruchii (Hornsch.) Lindb.
On rocks at Sheep Camp, Dyea Creek, Alaska; and Lake Lindeman, Yukon, 1899. (Williams)
318. U. crispa, Brid.
Eur., 307. Weissia ulophylla, (Ehrh.) Lindb.
On trees in woods at Margaree, Cape Breton Island, N.S., July, 1898; on spruce and fir trees at Ottawa, Out.; on trees at Sudbury Junction, Ont, 1884. (Macoun.) Sheep Creek, Juneau, Alaska. (Miss G. Cooley.)
319. U. intermedia, Schimp.
Orthotrichum ulophyllum intermedium, Schimp., Kindb., Bryol. N. Am. & Eur., 307. .
On trees at Baddeck, Cape Breton Island, N.S., July, 1898. (Macoun.) On Populus and Alnus at Sheep Camp, Alaska, 1899. (Williams.)
320. U. crispula, Brid.
On beech trees at Edmonton, Ont., Sept., 1892. (Jas. White.) Sitka, Alaska. (Miss G. Cooley.) On trees in woods, Pelee Point, Essex Co., Ont., 1901. (Macoun.)
321. U. phyllantha, Brid.
Orthotrichum jutlandicum, Brid.; Kindb., Bryol. N. Am.
& Eur. 307. Weissia phyllantha, (Brid.) Lindb.
On trees, South West Point, Anticosti, Que., Aug. 22nd, 1883; on trees at GaspÚ Basin, Que,, July 8th, 1882. This species was found fruiting at Louisburg, Cape Breton Island, N.S., July 17th, 1883. (Macoun) On rocks just above tidewater at Skagway, Alaska. (Williams)
322. U. maritima, C. M. & Kindb.
On rocks by the sea near Esquimault, Vancouver Island, and on an old wharf at Comox, V.I., 1893; on boulders in the Margaree River, Big Intervale, Cape Breton Island, N.S., July 16th, 1898. (Macoun.) Middleton Island, Alaska, Lat. 59o 30', Aug. 1892. (J. M. Macoun)
324. U. Barclayi, Mitt.
Nagai Island, Alaska, Sept. 1st, 1892. (J. M. Macoun.)
325. U. connectens, Kindb.
On beech trees at Edmonton, Ont., 1893. (Jas. White.) On trees at Port Dover, Lake Erie, Ont., Sept., 1890. (Macoun.) Specimens collected on rocks at Michipicotin, Lake Superior, on July 25th and 26th, 1869, were carefully examined by Mrs. E. G. Britton and doubtfully referred to U. curvifolia. It is probable that this species (curvifolia) will be found yet, in profusion along the northeast shore of Lake Huron.
My opinion coincides with Mrs. Britton that both Ulota con-nectens and U. camptopoda are young states of either U. crispa or crispula. I have looked for these species in summer, but have never found them except in the autumn. At this time the old capsule may be seen and great numbers of the young ones showing the very hairy calyptra.