(2007.) S. Brownii, Bebb.; Bot. Gaz., XIV., 444.
"Omit synonym S. cordifolia, Hook. The localities given in Part III. are all correct, excepting ' Kotzebue Sound and Ounalashka (Rothr., Alaska.),' which almost certainly belong to S. arctica, Pallas (not E. Br.)." (Bebb.) South Twin Island, James Bay, 1887; shore of Hudson Bay, Lat. 55°-56°, 1886. (J. M. Macoun.) Mountains between Peel River and La Pierre's House, Arctic Circle, 1888. (McConnell.)
(2008.) 8. argyocarpa, Anders.; Macoun, Cat. III., 445.
"Richardson's locality, 'Fort Franklin, on the Mackenzie,' were better omitted. There is no trace of this species among his collections that I have seen, and no evidence, at least in American herberia, that it grows anywhere in the North-West. 'Nepigon River, Lake Superior,' I would omit also; the specimens upon which it was given being of very doubtful determination." (Bebb.)
(2009.) S. Barrattlana, Hook.; Macoun, Cat. III., 445.
"Omit ' Old Man River and South Kootanie Pass,' and add: 'in all thickets at high elevations, Kicking Horse Lake. (Macoun)'; a rediscovery after the lapse of fifty years of a most remarkable species." (Bebb., Bot. Gaz., XIV., 51.)
(2011.) For S. Barcleyi, Anders., Macoun, Cat. III., 445, read S. Barclayi, Anders.
S. fulcrata, var. sub-glauca, Anders.; Macoun, Cat. III., 448.
Arctic North America, (Seeman, Richardson.) Point Barrow. (Murdoch, Oldmixon.) Kuskokosin Valley, Alaska. (Weinmann.) Shumagin Islands. (Harrington.) Nushagak. (McKay.)
The localities are all furnished by Mr. Bebb.
(2020.) S. flavescens, Nutt., var. tenuijulis, Anders.
Very common in many places on Vancouver Island in wet places by lakes and rivers and marshes. Collected at Victoria, Cedar Hill, Gordon Head, Goldstream, Nanaimo, Cameron Lake, Alberni, and, Salt Spring Island. 1887. (Macoun.)
Var. Scouleriana, Bebb; Macoun, Cat. III., 448.
Stikine River, B.C., above the canyon, 1887. (Dawson.) Lost Lake, Cedar Hill and Cameron Lake, Vancouver Island, 1887; also at Lytton, B.C., 1889. (Macoun.)
(2022.) S. herbacea, Linn.; Macoun, Cat. III., 449.
"This species is not known to occur on the west side of the continent, and I would not hesitate to strike out ' Northwest Coast (Nelson).' " (Bebb.) Our Rocky Mountain specimens are all S. arctica, var. petraea, and are therefore struck out. (Macoun.)
(2023.) S. Hookeriana, Barratt; Macoun, Cat. III., 449.
"Strike out the Saskatchewan habitat. We have now the explicit statement in Dr. Barratt's own handwriting that the type specimens were collected on the Northwest Coast by Dr. Scouler!" (Bebb.) Very abundant on Vancouver Island, from Victoria to Nanaimo, 1887; common around Burrard Inlet, and in the Fraser Valley, as far as Agassiz, B.C., 1887. (Maeoun.) In the Eraser Valley specimens, Mr. Bebb found the capsules tomentose becoming smooth at the base.
(2024.) 8. humilis, Marshall; Maeoun, Cat., III., 449.
"Omit the Rocky Mountains locality. It it clear outside the known range of the species given on leaves only and doubtless a mistake." (Bebb.)
(2025.) 8. arbusculoides, Anders., Monog. Sal., 147.
S. humilllima, Anders.; Maeoun, Cat., III., 449. S. acutifolia, Hook. Fl. II., 150.
Prince Albert Sound. (Mieschring.) Rae River. (Dr. Rae.) Saskatchewan to Fort Franklin on the Mackenzie River. (Hook. Fl) Marshes near the Rocky Mountains. (Drummond.)
(2026.) S. lasiandra, Benth., var. typica, Bebb.; Maeoun, Cat., III,, 449.
Abundant in thickets at Cedar Hill and Langford Lake, near Gold-stream, Vancouver Island. 1887. (Maeoun.)
Var. lancifoiia, Bebb.; Maeoun, Cat., III., 450.
Quite common in the neighbourhood of Victoria, Vancouver Island. Many of the trees are of large size; abundant at Agassiz and New Westminster, B.C. 1889. (Maeoun.) Shore of Burrard Inlet at Vancouver City. (Prof. Fowler.)
Var. Fendleriana, Bebb.
Shore of Shuswap Lake, B.C., near Scotch Creek, June, 1889. (Maeoun.)
(2031.) S. myrtlllifolia, Anders., Sal. Bor. - Amer., 28.
S. Novae-Angliae, Anders., Sal. Monog., 160, & DC. Prod., 162, 253, mainly. S. myrsinites, Hook. Fl. II., 151, mainly.
This may be considered to include all the forms included in No. 2031, Part 111., 452, Throughout the region of the Canadian Lakes from north of the Lake of the Woods (R. Bell) to Great Bear Lake. (Richardson.) "Common on the Portage of the Grand Rapid of the Saskatchewan, near Lake Winnipeg." (Douglas.) Pic River, Lake Superior; and in swampy spots from Edmonton to the Athabasca .River, at Fort Assiniboine. (Macoun.) Clearwater River, Lat. 57°, N.W.T., 1888. (J. M. Macoun.) Along streams in the foot-hills of the Rocky Mountains. (Drummond.)
(2034.) S. arctica, Pallas, PL Ross 22, 86; Bebb, Bot. Gaz., XIV., 115.
S. Pallam, Anders., DC. Prod. 16 ', 285.
S. crassijulis, Trev., ex Traut. Sal. frigid, 308.
S diplodiclya, Traut., Sal. frigid, 307.
This species includes No. 2034 and its varieties, Part III., 452. Alaska and adjacent islands on the tops of high hills; Nulaska. (Kellogg, Harrington, Escholtz.) Shumagin Islands. (Harrington.) Nushagak. (McKay.) Semidi Islands. (Dall.) Doubtless this species will be found on Queen Charlotte Islands.
(2036.) S. phlebophylla, Anders.; Macoun, Cat. III., 452.
"A species of high Arctic distribution in western rather than in eastern British America. The station, 'Eastern summit of North Kootanie Pass, Rocky Mountains,' should be omitted; even Rothrock's localities, south of Behring's Strait, are very doubtful. Much confusion has arisen from Anderson's having at first distributed one of Dr. Lyall's Cascade Mountain Willows as S. phlebophylla, the same plant that afterwards served as the type of his S. tenera, N. Sp., in reality only a form (by no means rare) of S. Brownii." (Bebb.)
(2043.) S. Richardson!, Hooker.; Macoun, Cat. III., 454.
Repulse Bay. (Parry.) Crevices in rocks, Nachvak, coast of Labrador. (R. Bell.)
Var. Macouniana, Bebb, Bot. Gaz., XIV., 50, Pl. 9.
Leaves orbicular, the earliest obovate, quite entire, less than one inch long and broad, covered when young with floccose hairs, especially on the upper surface, soon smooth, dark green and somewhat shining above, paler and reticulate-veined beneath; aments small for the group, whitish-silky with just a shade of fulvous in the male, scales obtuse, stigmas entire, otherwise as in the type. (Bebb.) A small compact bush, 2 to 4 feet high, with just the habit of a garden currant, growing in peaty soil by a small pond in company with S. Brownii. South Twin Island, James Bay, July 17th, 1887. (J. M. Macoun.)
(2046.) S. speciosa, Hook. & Arn.; Macoun, Cat. III, 454.
Upper Liard River, N.W.T., Lat. 60°. (Dawson.) Fifty miles below Good Hope, Mackenzie River, 1888. (McConnell.) "Forks of Dean River, 8 to 12 feet high." (Dr. Richardson.)
(3182.) S. macrocarpa, Nutt.
Very common in wet thickets in the district around Victoria, Vancouver Island, 1887. (Macoun.)
(3183.) S. monticola, Bebb; Coutler, Man. Rock. Mount. Fl. 336.
"Leaves oblong-lanceolate, the earliest obovate, acute 3 to 6 inches long, 1 to 1 3/4 inches wide, glabrous, rigid and glaucous beneath, or thin and pale beneath, unevenly crenate or serrulate; stipules large, semi-cordate, acute; buds large, ovate and beaked at the tip; aments thick, densely flowered, sessile; males closely so; females with a few broad bracts at base, when in flower about an inch long, lengthening in fruit to 1 1/2 to 2 inches; scales oval, obtuse, clothed with long yellowish-white silky hairs; capsules ovate-conical, glabrous, sessile or nearly so; style elongated; stigmas erect, bifid or entire. A densely cespitose shrub, 8 to 12 feet high, stem 1 to 2 inches in diameter." Old Man River, Rocky Mountains, Aug. 14, 1883. (Dawson.) These specimens were referred to S. Barrattiana in Part III., 445. A few fragments of what has been considered this species were collected on the Rocky Mountains at Kicking Horse Lake, July, 1885. (Macoun.)
(3184.) S. commutata, Bebb., Bot. Gaz., XIII., 110.
"A diffuse alpine shrub of variable stature, commonly 3 to 4 feet in height, in sheltered localities 8 to 10 feet, often much dwarfed by altitude and exposure; leaves broadly oblanceolate or oblong, abruptly pointed, cuspidate, tapering toward the roundish base, at first covered more or less with a dense silky tomentum, downy even when fully grown; older and lower leaves becoming smooth, green both sides (not glaucous beneath), margin entire or (under a lens) minutely glandular-serrulate; leaves of sterile shoots ample, 3 to 4 inches long, varying to cordate-ovate, thinnish in texture; stipules large, ovate, glandular-serrate; aments on stout leafy peduncles, with 4 to 7 ovate or oblanceolate leaves, erect, densely flowered, an inch long; fertile in fruit 2 inches, compact cylindrical; scale thin, pale or brownish, obtuse, woolly; capsule ovate-conical, glabrous, greenish or rufesceut; pedicel pubescent, 2 to 3 times the length of the nectary; style medium, stigmas small, erect, entire." Boggy places on the summit of Mount Queest, Gold Range, B.C. Alt, 6500, July 26, 1889. (J. M. Macoun.)
(3185.) S. conjuncta, Bebb, Bot. Gaz., XIII., 111.
"Leaves of the flowering branches elliptic or obovate, sub-acute. 1 to 1 1/2, in. long; leaves of the sterile branches ample, 2 to 4 in. long, 1 to 2 in. wide, ovate-lanceolate, cuspidate-acuminate, attenuate or rounded at base; stipules large, ovate, acute; all glabrous or at first thinly overspread on the upper surface with evanescent floccose hairs, at length rigid, scarcely paler or rarely sub-glaucous beneath, young drying black, margins finely and evenly crenate-serrulate; aments borne on stout leafy peduncles, large, thick, 1 to 2 in. long; fertile, becoming rather loose and flexuous in fruit (lengthening sometimes to 3 in. ); scale acutish, dark, villose with crisp hairs, sometimes densely or again thinly hairy or (quite naked at the tip; capsule glabrous, rostrate from an ovate base; pedicel three times the length of the nectary; style medium or elongated, about equalling the pedicel, stigmas short, entire or bifid." Summit of South Kootanie Pass, Rocky Mountains; and Cassiar Trail, 20 miles north-west of Dease Lake, N.W.T. (Dawson.) Mountains around Kicking Horse Lake and the summit of the Selkirks; also on the summit of the Gold Range north of Griffin Lake, B.C. Alt. 6500 feet. (Macoun.) Summit of Mount Queest, Gold Range, B.C. (J. M. Macoun.) Kodiak. (Kellogg.)
The articles published by Mr. M. S. Bebb in the Botanical Gazette, on the North American Willows, should be consulted in connection with this genus.