This species, in habit, resembles E. streptocarpa, but the capsule and the peristome are very different, nearly as in the true E. longipes, Mitt., by Lesq. & James considered as E. procera, distinguished by the twisted capsule and the double peristome.
Crevices of rocks summit of Mount Queest, Gold Range, B.C. Alt. 6,500 feet. (J. M. Macoun.)
Stem about 2 cm. high or lower, branched and radiculose. Leaves erect-patent, narrow, sublingulate, revolute all around, short-acuminate, obtusate or sub-acute, without a hairpoint; the lower decolorate brown, incurved, the upper green, irregularly crisped; lower basal cells hyaline.
Differs from Encalyptra leiocarpa principally in the stem being shorter, the leaves short-acuminate or subacute, costa very rough, narrowed from the base, the calyptra regularly laciniate, very rough and subspinulose above, blackish to a third of the apex, the capsule included. The authentic specimens of Drummond were consulted in the collections of Dr. C. Mueller.
Quite common along the edge of the torrent at Hector, and on rocks in the "Dry Canon," discharge of Devil's Lake, Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.)
(371.) E. procera, Bruch; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America,
182 ; Canadian Musci, No. 565.
E. streptocarpa, Drumm. Musc. Bor. - Am., No. 48.
Bocks and banks amongst the Rocky Mountains. (Drummond.) Crevices of rocks, Lake Nepigon, Ont.; on wet rocks near Hector and at the "Gap," Rocky Mountains; also on the bank of the Columbia River at Revelstoke, B.C. 1890. (Macoun.) Clavering Island, Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
(312.) E. Selwyni, Aust.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America,
183 ; Canadian Musci, No. 134.
On rocks at Hector, Rocky Mountains; on earth at Cache Creek and Quesnel, B.C., and at Lesser Slave Lake, N.W.T.; also on rocks in the vicinity of Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)
(373.) E. Streptocarpa, Hedw.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 183; Canadian Musci, No. 135.
On rocks at Leamy's Lake near Ottawa; abundant on limestone rocks at Owen Sound and at the Fishing Islands, Lake Huron; on rocks, Kananaskis, Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.)
(374.) E. cucullata, C. M. & Kindb. (n. sp.); Canadian Musci No. 491.
Monoecious. Leaves cucullate, the perichetial ones long-acuminate acute with a long hair-point; costa percurrent, red only at the base; calyptra papillose all around.
This species is nearly allied to E. procera which has the upper leaves, also the perichetial, obtuse or subacute, the costa in most? leaves red for the whole length.
On earth along the west bank of the Columbia River, at Revelstoke, B.C., May 9th, 1890. (Macoun.)
(363.) E. vulgaris, Hedw. White Bay, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.)
(947.) E. Alaskana, Kindb. (n. sp.)
Differs from Encalypta longipes principally in the capsule being striate and not apophysate, the peristome brown-red, appressed to the mouth in a wet state, the costa of the leaves nearly smooth. Monoecious. The lid of the capsule is obliquely rostrate. Calyptra not found. Encalypta longipes has an apophysate and quite smooth capsule, red peristome, always erect, and the costa very rough.
Mixed with a Bryum on earth, Ounalaska Island, Behring Sea, August 21st, 1891. (J. M. Macoun.)
(374.) E. cucullata, Kindb.
E. rhaptocarpa, Drumm. Musc. Bor. - Am., No. 52.
This is probably the above species. Rocks and banks, Rocky Mountains. (Drummond.)
On earth at the "Gap," Crow's Nest Pass, Rocky Mountains, Alta., Aug. 13th, 1897. (Macoun.)
364. E. rhabdocarpa, Schwaeger.
On earth along Bragg's Creek, Rocky Mountains, Alta., June 28th, 1897. (Macoun) On earth at Dawson, Yukon, 1899. (Williams.)
365. E. subspathulata, C. M. & Kindb.
On earth along Farewell Creek, Cypress Hills, Assa., June 27th, 1895. (Macoun.)
370. E. longipes, Mitten.
On earth, Moose Mountain, Elbow River, Rocky Mountains June 30th, 1897. (Macoun.)
372. E. Selwyni, Aust.
Leersia Selwyni (Aust.), E. G. Britt.
Lake Marsh, and also comrnon about Dawson, Yukon, 1899 (Williams.)
373. E. Streptocarpa, Hedw.; Cat. Can. Musci, 96.
E. contorta (Wulfen.) Lindb.; Kindb., Bryol.N. Am. & Eur.
Quite rare on rocks in a ravine at Margaree, Cape Breton Island, N.S., July 14th, 1898; on earth along the Bonnecherc River, near Golden Lake, Ont., Sept., 1900. (Macoun)
1034. E. sub-brevicolla, Kindb., N. Sp.
Leaves oblong-linguate, obtusate, undulate not recurved, entire, generally obtuse; hair-point whitish. Perichetial leaves sub-oblong, acuminate. Capsule brownish with a very short neck; teeth whitish when moist, palish red when dry; calyptra somewhat long with a hispid beak, fringed when young.
On rocks at Seal Lake, northern Labrador, Aug. 3rd, 1896. (A. P. Low.)
1035. E. Labradorica, Kindb. (N. sp.)
Leaves subovate, obtuse or subacute, entire, not recurved; hair-point whitish, or at the base yellowish. Capsule brownish with a distinct neck; teeth brown yellow; calyptra short, faintly rough, not fringed.
On rocks, Fort Chimo, Ungava Bay, Labrador, Aug. 30th, 1896. (A. P. Low.)