(2216.) C. innata, R. Br. Hook. FL II., 194.
Rather rare, but widely distributed, being found in deep cool woods from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Newfoundland. (Miss Brenton.) New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Windsor, Pictou, Truro, Strait of Canso, Guysboro Co., N. S. (Sommers, Cat.) North Woods, Annapolis, N.S. (Macoun & Burgess.) Black .River, in Northumberland Co., Carleton and Andover, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Rich woods, Rivière du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Table Top Mountain, Gaspè, Q. (Porter.) Savanne, near Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Dow's and other swamps near Ottawa. (Fletcher FL Ott.) Woods west of Prescott Junction, Ont. (Billings.) Prince's Island, Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Big Swamp, Murray, and at Castleton, Northumberland Co.; woods at Kakabeka Falls and on Pie Island, Lake Superior, also at Lake Nipigon, Ont., and at Manitoba House, Lake Manitoba, Man. (Macoun.) Lake Mistassini, N.E.T.; Beren's River, Man., and Missinaibi River,.
Ont. (J. M. Macoun.) In swamps at the Kananaskis, close to Bow River, Rocky Mountains; Telegraph Trail, B.C.; slope of Mount Arrowsmith, Vancouver Island, alt. 3,500 feet. (Macoun.) Dean or Salmon River, B.C. Upper Liard River, lat. 61°, N.WT. (Dawson.) Kotzbue Sound and Ounalaska. (Rothr. Alask.) Lake Huron; throughout Canada to the Saskatchewan River. (Hooker, Fl.) Greenland. (Lange.)
(2217.) C - odontorhiza, Nutt. Journ. Acad. Phil. III. 137.
The occurrence of this plant in any part of Canada, except in southwestern Ontario, is still a matter of doubt, as all the specimens hitherto supposed to be this species, except from that district, have proved to be C. innata. Three-mile House woods, near Halifax, N.S. (Sommers.) Woods along Lake Erie,' Norfolk Co., Ont. (Dr. Nichol.) Papineau woods, near Montreal, 1822. (Dr. Holmes.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Buchan.)
(2218.) C - multiflora, Nutt. Journ. Acad. Phil. III., 138. Hook. Fl. II., 194.
C. innata, Nutt. Gen. II., 194.
Rich, shady woods, extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific. New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Halifax, N.S. (Sommers.) North Woods, near Annapolis, N.S. (Macoun & Burgess.) Campbellton, N. B. (Chalmers.) Rather common in Kent Co., also at St. John, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Rich woods, Rivière du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Beechwood and other places near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Buchan.) Woods, common at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Under evergreens in woods at Castleton, Seymour, Brighton, Picton, and Belleville, also at Owen Sound, the Pic and Nipigon rivers, and along the east shore of Lake Nipigon, Ont. (Macoun.) Woods, not common, London, Ont. (Burgess.) Owen Sound and Cockburn Islands, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) . On mountain slopes among hemlock, at Six Mile Creek, in the Selkirk Mountains, B.C. (Macoun.) Mountain slopes Crow Nest Pass, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) Woods near Cedar Hill, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.) On the flanks of Mount Finlayson, also in woods at Nanaimo and Qualicum, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Flowering in May while Mertensiana is only in full flower in July.
(2219.) C. Mertensiana, Bong. Veg. Sitcha, 42; Hook. Fl. II., 194.
Coniferous woods west of the Rocky Mountains; Telegraph Trail, B.C.; woods around Mount Finlayson, and very abundant on the flanks of Mounts Arrowsmith and Mark, and on the portage from Qualicum to Alberni, Vancouver Island. (Mdcoun.) Vicinity of Victoria, B.C. (Fletcher.) Salmon River, B.C.; also Queen Charlotte Islands. (Dawson.) Sitka. (Bothr. Alask.)
C. Macraei, Gray. Man. Ed. V, 510, Macoun's Cat., No. 1799.
Very local and very rare, though it has a wide range. Caledonia Springs, Ont. (Macrae.) Beechwood, Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Renfrew, Out. (Rev. C. J. Young.) Rocky woods along North River, about four miles above Round Lake, Peterboro Co., Ont., also on the top of the high bank below the C.P.E. bridge, Nipigon River. (Macoun.) Woods, London, very rare, and at Parry Sound, Ont. (Burgess.) North, shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) Sooke, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.) In a swamp at the Kananaskis, Bow River Pass and at the summit of the Selkirk Mountains, B.C. Not uncommon at Oak Bay and in. woods around Cedar Hill, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)