Mountain swamp, near Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Bather common in swamps throughout central Ontario, and abundant around Lake Superior and on the Island of Michipicotin. (Macoun.) Mossy bogs, London, Ont. (Burgess Millman.) Drummond Island and Thompson's Point, Georgian Bay. (J.Bell.) Lake Mistassini, N.E.T. (J. M. Macoun) Moose Factory, James Bay. (Cottar & Br. Hayden.) Red Deer River, and along the flanks of the Porcupine Mountain, Man.; rather common in the Rocky Mountains, from Morley westward to Hector. (Macoun.) South Kootanie Pass, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) Lake Lindeman, Yukon River, lat. 60°. (Schwatka.) Throughout Canada from Lake Huron to the Saskatchewan and Hudson Bay. (Hooker, Fl.)

(2247.) H. leucostachys, Watson. Proc. Am. Acad., XII., 276.

Platanthera leucostachys, Lindl., Fl. II., 198.

In exactly the same habitat as the preceding, but with larger, whiter and longer spurred flowers. Swamps at Donald and Beaver Creek, Columbia Valley; quite common in swamps at Victoria, Nanaimo, Alberni and Qualicum, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Tanyabunkut Lake, B.C. (Dawson.)

(2248.) H. obtusata, Rich. App. Ed. II., 33.

Platanthera obtusata, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II., 196. Orchis obtusata, Pursh, Fl. II., 588.

Common in cool mossy woods throughout the forest region to British Columbia. New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Labrador. (Butler.) Truro, N.S. (Lawson.) Coal Branch, Kent Co.; Campbellton and Bald Mountain; also St. John Co. and Tobique River, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) North Sydney, Cape Breton; South West Point, Anticosti; Little Fox River, Gaspé, Q. (Macoun.) Summit of Mount Albert, Gaspé (Porter.) Mingan Islands, Q. (St. Cyr.) Peat bogs, Sturgeon Point, Ont. (Burgess.) Bogs at Sturgeon Lake, Ont. (Mrs. Saunders.) St. Joseph and Drummond Islands, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) Cedar swamps at Belleville and Castleton, also at Owen Sound, Ont.; abundant at Kakabeka Falls, Current River and Pie Island; Nipigon River, and westward along the Dawson road to the Lake of the Woods. (Macoun.) Lake Mistassini, N.E.T.; Charlton Island and Fort George, James Bay; also Cypress Hills, Alberta. (J. M. Macoun.) Damp woods, Lake Winnipegoosis and Porcupine Mountain, Man.; in the foot-hills, from Morley westward through the Rocky Mountains to Donald in the Columbia valley; also at Fort McLeod, lat. 55°, B.C. (Macoun.) Gatcho Lake,

B.C. (Dawson.) Kotzebue Sound. (Rothr. Alask.) Between Fort Churchill and York Factory, Hudson Bay. (Dr. Rae.) Nova Scotia. Cape Torment, near Quebec, west to Carleton House Fort, on the Saskatchewan and alpine swamps of the Rocky Mountains, and thence to Bear Lake and Fort Franklin; North West coast and Kotzebue Sound. (Hooker, Fl.)

(2249.) H. elegans, Bolander. Cat. PL San. Fran. 29.

Platanthera elegans, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II.,196.

Rich or gravelly woodlands; confined to the west coast. Flowering late. This form may be easily distinguished from the next by the long spur. Rather rare near Victoria, Vancouver Island, but frequent in the woods at Nanaimo and northwards to Qualicum, and Horne Lake where it is common on gravelly soil. (Macoun.)

(2250.) H. Unalaschensis, Watson. Proc. Am. Acad., XII., 277.

H.foetida, Watson. Bot. King Exp., V. 341; Macoun, Cat., No. 1765. Platanthera Schischmareffiana, Lindl - Hook., Fl. II., 197.

Very rare eastward but abundant on the west coast. Open gravelly woods, Jupiter River, Anticosti; also on the Fishing Islands, Lake Huron; on gravel of a mountain torrent at the "Gap," Rocky Mountains; very abundant on Mount Finlayson and the other mountains around Goldstream, and on gravelly soil at Qualicum, and Cameron Lake, Vancouver Island. Flowering early. (Macoun.) Vicinity of McLeod's Lake, B.C. (Dawson.) Ounalashka. (Hook. Fl.)

(2251.) H. Menziesii, Lindl. Gen. Orch., 286. Platanthera Menziesii, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II., 197.

North West coast. (Menzies vide Hooker.)

(2252.) H. Hookeri, Torr. Cray. Ann. Lyc. N. York, III., 229.

Platanthera Hookeri, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II., 196. H. orbiculata, Hook. Ex. Fl. 145.

Cool and damp woodlands and borders of swamps. Windsor, Dartmouth and Elmsdale, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Pirate's Cove, N.S. (Macoun & Burgess.) Kouchibouguac, Kingston, Kent Co.; Grand Lake and Salmon River, also Petitcodiac, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) St. Stephen, N.B. (Vroom.) Lake Tamiscouata, Q. (Ami.) Island of Orleans, Q. (St. Cyr.) Vicinity of Riviere du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Neighborhood of Ottawa; very common. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Moist thicket west of Prescott Junction, Ont. (Billings.) Damp woods, Oak Hills, Hastings Co., Ont. (Macoun.) Neighborhood of Hamilton,

Ont. (Logie.) Komoka, Ont. (Millman.) Two Heart River, north of Lake Huron, and on the Michipicotin River and Oba Lake, and river north of Lake Superior. (R. Bell.)

Var. oblongifolia, J. A. Paine. This form, as its name indicates, has oblong instead of orbicular leaves. Grows in similar situations. North Mountain, Annapolis, N.S. (Macoun.) Campbellton, N.B. (Chalmers.) Chelsea Mountain, Q. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.)

(2253.) H. orbiculata, Torr. Compend. 318.

H macrophylla, Goldie. Edin. Phil. Journ., VI., 331. Platanthera orbiculata, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II., 196. Orchis orbiculata, Pursh, Fl. II., 588.

Rich shady woods, not uncommon but abundant nowhere. New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Halifax, Mount Dalhousie, Truro, Clam Harbor and Straits of Canso, N.S. (Som-mers, Cat.) North Mountain, N.S. (Burgess.) Whycocogmah, Cape Breton. (Macoun.) Bass River, Loch Lomond, Nepisiquit Lakes, Eel River, Clifton and Tobique River, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) River Ste. Anne des Monts, Gaspé coast. (Macoun. Porter.) Mountain swamp and Portage des Gres, near Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) Abundant in woods along the River Rouge, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D'Urban.) Vicinity of Ottawa; rather rare. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Near Albion Mills, Ont. (Logic) Under clumps of pines, English's woods, London, Ont. (Saunders.) Rich woods, Parry Sound, Ont. (Burgess.) Hilton, Drummond Islands, and Cock-burn Island, Georgian Bay. (J.Bell.) Opposite Grand Island, Lake Superior. (R. Bell.) Woods near Belleville, and at the Oak Hills Hastings Co.; also at Castleton, Brighton, and Campbellford, Northum berland Co., Ont.; woods. Lake Nipigon and at Kakabeka Falls, near Lake Superior; Swan Lake House, and on the banks of the Red Leer River, Lake Winnipegoosis, Man.; rich woods along the Columbia River at Donald, B. C. (Macoun.) West to the Saskatchewan. (Hooker, Fl.)

(2254.) H. ciliaris, R. Br. Hort. Kew. (Ed. 2) V., 192.

Platanthera ciliaris, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II., 199. Orchis ciliaris, Pursh, Fl. II., 585. Michx. Fl. II., 156.

Low sandy soil, near Leamington, Essex Co., Ont. (Burgess.) Canada. (Goldie.) Apparently very rare in Ontario.

(2255.) H. blephariglottis, Torr. Compend. 317.

P. holopetala, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II., 199.

Orchis blephariglottis, Pursh, Fl. II., 585.

We include the variety holopetala in the species as our knowledge is too limited to separate them. Peat bogs, apparently rare. Newfoundland. (Miss Brenton.) New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Halifax and Bedford, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Bogs, Pictou Co, N.S. 1885. (Robert.) Kouchibouguac, Maryland road, near Fredericton; Tay's mills, York Co., and Chipman, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) Bogs in Gomin's woods, near Quebec. (Thomas.) Mer Bleue, near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Peat bogs, Lake Island, Lake Joseph, Muskoka, Ont. (Burgess.)

(2256.) H. leucophaea, Gray, Man. Ed Y., 502.

Orchis leucophaea, Nutt.

Caledonia, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Faribault.) Moist meadows and bogs, abundant at Baddeck and North Sydney, Cape Breton. (Macoun.) Gomin's woods, Quebec. (Thomas.) Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) Millgrove, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Mossy woods, London, Ont. (Burgess.)

(2257.) H. lacera, E. Br. Hort. Kew. (Ed. 2) Y., 193.

Platanlhera psycodes, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II., 200.

Orchis psycodes, Pursh, Fl. II., 585.

0. lacera, Michx., Fl. II., 156; Pursh, Fl. II., 586.

Rich damp woods, rare and local. Windsor, Halifax and Pictou, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Meadows at Baddeck, Cape Breton. (Burgess.) Kouchibouguac; Petitcodiac and Hampton; common between Au Lac and Port Elgin, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Rich woods near the hop yard, Belleville, Ont. (Macoun.) Peat bogs, Westminster Ponds, near London, Ont. (Burgess.)

(2258.) H. psycodes, Gray. Manual Ed. Y., 502.

Platanthera fimhriata, Lindl. Var.ß. Hook. Fl. II., 200. P. incisa, Lindl. Hook., Fl. II., 200. Orchis fimbriata, Pursh, Fl. II., 588. O. incisa, Pursh, Fl. II., 589.

Moist woods and swamps, common in certain localities. Newfoundland. (Miss Brenton.) Windsor, Bedford, Pictou, Truro, and at the Straits of Canso, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Wet meadows at Baddeck, Cape Breton. (Macoun.) Common in wet meadows and bogs, Kent Co.; also at Norton, N.B. (Fowler, Gat.) Nictau Lake, N.B. (Hay.) Gomin's woods, near Quebec. (Thomas.) Point Fame and Fox River, Gaspé coast, Q. (Macoun.) Harbor Island, Mingan Islands; and Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) Salt Lake, Anticosti. (Verrill.) Swamp at Beechwood, and other places near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Common at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Swamp east of Belleville, and in numerous places in North Hastings and at Marmora and Myersburg, in Northumberland Co.; also on the shore of Chicken Bay, Lake Huron, Ont. (Macoun.) Millgrove, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logic.) In swampy soil at London, Ont.; common (Burgess. Millman) Owen Sound, Drummond Island, Thompson's Point, and McLeod's Harbor, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) Sault Ste. Marie. (R. Bell.) Fifteen miles up the Kaministiqua River, west of Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Rainy River, North Western Ontario. (Dawson.)

(2259.) H. fimbriata, R. Br. Hort. Kew. (Ed. 2) V., 193. Platanthera fimbriata, Lindl. Var. a. Hook. Fl. II., 200.

Low meadows and swamps; rare. Meadow's, Caledonia, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Faribault.) Bass River, N.B.; rare. (Fowler, Gat.) Tobique River, N.B., 1884. (Hay.) Ste. Anne de la Pérade, ChamplainCo., Q. (St. Cyr.) Gomin's woods, near Quebec. (Thomas.) Abundant in low swampy ground, River Rouge, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D' Urban.) Gregory's meadows, Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Land's farm, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.)