(2260.) C. arietinum, R. Brown. Hort. Kew. (Ed. 2) V., 222.
Cedar and tamarack swamps, usually on hummocks. Saguenay River. Q. (Scott.) Savanne, near Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Dow's swamp, Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Abundant in the big swamp, Murray, Northumberland Co.; also in a swamp at the base of the Oak Hills, and in pine woods two miles north of Belleville, Hastings Co., Ont. (Macoun.) Portage of the Grand Rapid of the Saskatchewan, Man. (Hooker, Fl.)
C. Calceolus, Michx., Fl. II., 161.
Rather common in swamps in Ontario. Newfoundland. (Miss Brenton.) Restigouche Co.; also Tobique, near Pokiok, N.B. (Fowler,
Cat.) Anticosti and Mingan Islands. (Verrill.) River de Brig, Anticosti. (Macoun.) Savanne, near Montreal, 1821. (Br. Holmes.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Cedar swamp north-west of Prescott, Ont.; rare. (Billings.) Swamps near Belleville; also in the big swamp, Murray, Northumberland Co., Ont. (Macoun.) Mountain side beyond Mr. Bridge's house, Hamilton, Ont. (Logic) Cedar swamps, London, Ont. (Burgess.) Komoka, Ont. (Millman.) Moose Factory, James Bay. (Cottar & Br. Hayden.) Water Hen River, Lake Winnipegoosis, and on the Assiniboine River, at the Grand Valley, Man.; also at the Kananaskis bridge, C.P.R., Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.) Throughout Canada to Lake Winnipeg and the Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.)
C. parviflorum, Ait. Bot. Mag. t., 911 (non Willd.)
Common in swamps, and often on banks in woods. Port Mulgrave, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Ball.) Truemansville, N.S. (Trueman.) Galloway, near Richibucto; rather rare; Edmunton, and common at And-over, N.B. (Fowler. Cat.) Campbellton, N.B. (Chalmers.) Swamps along the Gaspé coast. (Macoun.) In wet places, Riviere du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) St. Charles Island, Mingan. (St. Cyr.) Savanne, near Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Near Lake St. Jean, Wentworth, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D' Urban.) Hull, Q.; Little Chaudiere, and other places near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Common in woods and swamps. Hastings, Prince Edward and Northumberland Co's., Ont. (Macoun.) Prince's Island, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Cockburn Island, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) East side of La Cloche Island, Georgian Bay. (R. Bell.) London, Ont., and Emerson, Man. (Burgess. Millman.) Lake Mistassini, N.E.T., and Missinaibi River, Ont. (J. M. Macoun.) Echimamish River, Keewatin. (R. Bell.) In swamps along Lake Winnipegoosis, and abundant on the prairie and in thickets throughout Manitoba, and westward to the base of the Rocky Mountains at Kananaskis, C.P.R. (Macoun.) Canada to the Saskatchewan. (Hooker, Fl.)
(2263.) C. spectabile, Salisb. Linn., Trans. I., 18; Hook., Fl. II., 204. Pursh, Fl. II., 594.
C. Canadense, Michx., Fl. II., 161. C. album, Ait. Kew. (Ed. 1) III., 303.
Cedar and tamarack swamps, often abundant. Pictou, N.S. (McKay.) St. John Co.; Restigouche; York ana Castleton Co's.; Andover and
Tobique River. (Fowler, Cat.) Nicolet, Q. (St. Cyr.) Mountain swamp, Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Dow's swamp and Experimental Farm, Ottawa, abundant. (Fletcher, Fl Ott.) Swamp near Heck's mills, North Augusta, and common in bogs northward from Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Abundant in many swamps in Hastings, Prince Edward and Northumberland Go's., Ont.; also at Chicken Bay, Lake Huron-(Macoun.) Lake Medad, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Westminster Ponds; and swamps, London; also abundant at Southampton, Ont. (Burgess.) Thompson's Point, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.)
(2264.) C. acaule, Ait. Kew. (Ed. 1.) III., 161; Michx. Fl. II., 161.
C. humile, Pursh, Fl. II., 595; Hook., Fl. II., 204. In swamps and pine or sandy woods; frequent. Newfoundland. (Miss Brenton.) New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghome.) Windsor; North West Arm, Halifax; Pictou and Guysboro, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) North Mountain, Annapolis, and at Kingston, N.S. (white variety.) Halifax. (Macoun & Burgess.) Rather common, Black River, Northumberland Co.; Fredericton; Lily Lake; St. Francis River, N.B. (white variety.) (Fowler, Cat.) Lake Temis-couata, Q. (Ami.) Outchechow, and Island of Orleans, Q. (St. Cyr.) In woods at Rivière du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) On gneiss rocks and sand, River Rouge, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D'Urban.) Lake Flora, near Hull, and in a swamp at Beechwood, near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Swamp near Heck's mills, near Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Evergreen woods and Westminster Ponds, London, Ont. (Burgess. Milhnan.) Not uncommon in swamps throughout Hastings, Addington, Northumberland and Peterboro Co's., Ont.; also on St. Ignace Island, and at the mouth of Nipigon River, Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Rupert River, N.E.T.; Severn River, Keewatin. (J. M. Macoun.) From Canada to Fort Franklin, on the Mackenzie River. (Hooker, Fl.)
(2265.) C - montanum, Dougl. Lindl., Orchid, 528.
C. occidentale, Watson. Macoun Cat., No. 1801.
Exclusively western and confined to the Pacific slope. Occasionally met with at Donald, in the Columbia Valley, B.C.; also on the Fraser River, at Fort George, B.C. (Macoun.) Okanagan Lake, B.C. (Dawson.) Woods near Cadboro Bay, Vancouver Island. (King.) Vicinity of Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.)
(2266.) C. passerinum, Rich. Hook., Fl. II., 205. C. parviflorum, Rich. App. Ed. I., 340.
On wet sand and in swamps; rare. Near Moose Factory, James
Bay. (Cottar & Dr. Hayden.) Charlton Island, James Bay. (J. M. Macoun.) On wet sand at the Pic River, Lake Superior; very abundant in a spruce swamp at the Kananaskis station, close to Bow River, Rocky Mountains and westward to Silver City. (Macoun.) Pine woods, from the Saskatchewan to lat. 58°, and in the Bocky Moun-tains. (Hooker, Fl.) Canon, Yukon River, 1887. (W. Ogilvie.)
(2267.) C. guttatum, Swartz. Reichenb. Ic. Bot. t, 210.
We know nothing of this species. Two specimens only, with withered flowers, were gathered at Fort Franklin, on the Mackenzie, by Dr. Richardson. Most abundant at Ounalashka. (Hooker, Fl.)