Convallaria stellata, Michx., Fl. I., 202. Very common in low moist woods, along streams, and in meadows. Labrador. (Butler.) Pictou and Truro, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Common on St. Paul's Island, Magdalen Islands, and Newfoundland. (McKay.) Damp woods at Truro and Pirate's Cove, N.S. (Macoun.) Moist banks, Kouchibouguac; intervales, Salmon River; St. John River, Kenne-beccasis; Petitcodiac; Cedar Brook, on the Tobique; Indian Falls, Nepisiquit River, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Metapediac, Restigouche Co., N.B. (Chalmers) Salt Lake, Anticosti, and in the valley of the Ste. Anne des Monts River, Gaspé. (Macoun.) Island of Orleans and Mirgan River, St. Lawrence River. (St. Cyr.) Rivière du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Savanne, near Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Montreal Mountain. (Porter.) On sand along the River Rouge, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D' Urban.) Dow's swamp and other localities at Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott ) Swamps and low intervales along streams, abundant in central Ontario. (Macoun.) Rare in woods at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Prince's Island near Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Mississaqui, Drummond, and Cockburn islands, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) Sandy thickets at Toronto, low woods at London, Ont.; Parvy Sound, Georgian Bay,' and in the Red River valley at Emerson, Man. (Burgess.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) Up the Kami-nistiqua River, west of Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Moose Factory, James Bay. (Cottar & Dr. Hay den.) Charlton Island, James Bay; Lake Winnipeg and eastward down the Severn River to Hudson Bay; also on Moose Mountain, Assiniboia. (J. M. Macoun.) In a thicket at Pembina Mountain, Man.; near Belly River and on the North Fork of Old Man River, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) In moist thickets on the Assiniboine, at Portage la Prairie and Brandon; abundant in moist meadows and grassy places from the vicinity of Morley through the Rocky Mountains to Donald in the Columbia valley. (Macoun.) From Lake Huron to the Saskatchewan, and from Hudson Bay to the Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.)
S. stellata, Hook., Fl. II., 176, in part.
This species takes the place of S. stellata west of the Coast Range, as all our specimens from the west coast are of this species. Fraser River valley at Yale, B C.; also quite common in the valleys of rivers and along brooks, at Victoria, Cedar Hill, Goldstream and northward, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Near Victoria, Vancouver Island (Fletcher.) North West coast. (Hooker, Fl.)
(2291.) S. racemosa, Desf.Pursh, Fl. I., 233; Hook., Fl. II, 116, in part.
S. ciliata, Pursh, Fl. L, 232. Convallaria racemosa, Michx., Fl. I., 202.
Rich woods, not infrequent. Dartmouth, Halifax, Bedford, Pictou and Truro, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Truro and Straits of Canso, N.S. (Macoun.) Bass River; Welsford; and Nerepis Valley, N. B. (Fowler, Cat.) Campbellton, N.B. (Chalmers.) Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) Gomin's woods, Quebec. (Thomas.) Montreal Mountain, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Abundant in rocky woods, Argenteuil Co., Q.' (D'Urban.) McKay's bush and other localities near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Common around Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Kemptvilie, Ont. (Porter.) Common in rich woods throughout central Ontario. (Macoun.) In woods, mountain side west of Hamilton, Ont. (Logic) Low woods at London; and Parry Sound, Georgian Bay. (Burgess.) Owen Sound, Hilton, Gore Bay, and McLeod's Harbor, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) Opposite Grand Island, Lake Superior. (R. Bell.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) Fifteen miles up the Kaministiqua River, west of Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Throughout Canada to the Saskatchewan. (Hooker, Fl.)
(2292.) S. amplexicaulis, Nutt. Journ. Philad. Acad. VII., 58.
S. racemosa, var. amplexicaulis, Watson. Macoun, Cat., No. 1843.
S. racemosa, Hook., Fl. II, 176, in part.
Tovaria racemosa, Baker, Journ. Linn., Soc. XIV., 570, in part.
Rather common in thickets and on beds of snow-slides, from Morley, in the Rocky Mountains, to the summit of the Selkirks. (Macoun.) Cypress Hills, Alberta. (J. M. Macoun.) Michel Creek, Flathead River, and Coldwater River, B.C. (Dawson.) North West coast. (Hooker, Fl.) Specimens from Goldstream and Nanaimo, Vancouver Island, although referred here, are exactly like eastern S. racemosa. All the leaves are more or less petioled, and had these specimens been found in the Atlantic provinces they would be referred to the preceding species.
Mr. Jas. Fletcher describes his specimens from Mt. Finlayson, Vancouver Island, as having much larger leaves, more plaited, and flower much more highly scented than eastern racemosa. (Macoun.)
(2293.) S. trifolia, Desf. Pursh, Fl. I., 233. Hook., Fl. II., 175.
Convallaria trifolia, Michx., Fl. I., 202.
Tovaria trifolia, Baker, Journ. Linn., Soc. XIV., 565. Abundant in swamps and wet woods, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Labrador. (Butler.) New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Windsor, N.S. (How.) Pictou, N.S. (McKay.) Swamps, near Halifax, N.S. (Macoun & Burgess.) Magdalen Islands, Gulf, of St. Lawrence. (J. Richardson.) Kouchibouguac, and Hudson's Brook, Kent Co.; St. John Co., N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Swamps, Dalhousie, N.B. (Chalmers.) Swamps, Salt Lake, Anticosti. (Macoun.) Mingan River and Island of Orleans, Q. (St. Cyr.) Swamps, Riviere du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Summit of Mount Albert, Gaspé, Q.; and Kemptville, Ont. (Porter.) Dow's swamp and other peat bogs near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Swamp north of Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Cold peaty swamps throughout central Ontario. (Macoun.) Marsh at Millgrove, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Peat bogs, London, and Blenheim, Ont. (Burgess.) Bruce Mines, Hilton, Thompson Point, Gore Bay, and McLeod's Harbor, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) Swamps at Owen Sound and west of Thunder Bay, and around Lake Nipigon, Ont. (Macoun.) Missinaibi River, Ont.; Lake Mistassini and down the Rupert River, N.E.T.; Lake Winnipeg and eastward down the Severn, Keewatin. (J. M. Macoun.) Opposite Gros Cap, Lake Superior; Nelson River and Oxford House, Keewatin. (R. Bell.) Observed in a spruce swamp at the Kananaskis, Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.) Swamps throughout Canada, to Bear Lake and the Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.)