Fl. I., 229.
L. umbellatum, Pursh, Fl. I., 229.
Bather common in western Ontario, but more so throughout the prairie region. McKay's woods and other localities near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Thickets near the Grand Trunk gravel pit, at Prescott, Ont. ( Killings.) On gravel banks and ridges, and along the rocky banks of rivers, and over the whole extent of Rice Lake Plains, Ont. (Macoun.) East Flamboro, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Sandy woodlands near London; Point Aux Pins, Lake Erie, Ont. (Burgess.) Cockburn Island, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) Very abundant along the north shore of Lake Superior, on exposed rocks, and along Poplar River, Lake Nipigon. (Macoun.) Down the Missinaibi River to Moose Factory, James Bay. (J. M. Macoun.) Nelson River, and at Oxford House, Keewatin. (B. Bell.) Open prairie at Emerson, Man. (Burgess.) Red River, Man., plentiful; near Pincher Creek, and between the north and middle fork of the Old Man River, foot-hills, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) Portage la Prairie, Man. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Calgary, Alberta. (St. Cyr.) Abundant on the prairies from Winnipeg to Moose Jaw, and westward to Canmore, in the Rocky Mountains, appearing again at Donald, in the Columbia Valley, B.C. (Macoun.) Neighborhood of Calgary. (Prof. Fowler.) Portage la Loche, lat. 57°. (Back.) Lake Huron and throughout Canada to the Saskatche wan and prairies of the Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.)
Probably an albino, petals pale yellow, not spotted; more narrowly lanceolate with longer claws. . Near Turtle Mountain, on the open prairie, 49th parallel; rare. (Dawson.) Badger Creek, Man. (Burgess.)
(2314.) L. Canadense, Linn. Hook., Fl. II., 181; Pursh, Fl. I., 229; Michx, Fl. I., 198.
L. pardalinum, var. Bourgaei, Baker. Journ. Linn. Soc, XIV., 242.
Common eastward, but rather rare to the west. Not uncommon,
Pictou Co., N. S., and Cape Breton. (McKay.) Truro and Col-
Chester, N.S.; Whycocogmah, Cape Breton. (Sommers, Cat.) Low meadows between New Glasgow and Port Mulgrave, N.S.; in low intervales at Whycocogmah, Cape Breton. (Macoun.) Common in meadows at Caledonia, Guysboro Co., N S. (Faribault.) Bathurst, N.B. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Common on intervales and moist meadows, New Brunswick. (Fowler, Cat.) On the flats along the lower part of the Metapedia River, Q. (Macoun.) St. Anne de la Pérade, Q. (St. Cyr.) Beauport, near Quebec. (Thomas.) Laprairie, near Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) In meadows along the Grand Trunk Railway, between Cobourg and Port Hope, Ont. (Macoun.) Low shady place at London and Blenheim, Ont.; very common. (Burgess.) Right bank of Rainy River, below Fort Francis, 1872. (Macoun.)
(2315) L. Carolinianum, Michx. Fl. L, 197.
L. Canadense, var. superbum, Elwes., Mon. Lil. t. 21.
L. superbum, Linn. Hook., Fl. II., 181; Pursh, Fl. I., 230; Macoun Cat, No. 1853.
Rich low grounds, western Ontario. Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Moist grounds half a mile west of London, Ont. (Saunders.) A specimen in our herbarium, collected by Dr. Burgess, near London, in 1879, approaches this species very closely, both in its revolute perianth and almost perfectly smooth leaves. Mr. James Fletcher, botanist to the Experimental Farm at Ottawa, has grown Lilium Carolinianum from bulbs purchased in the United States, together with the form here referred to, L. Carolinianum. He believes that our own form is different from both L. Carolinianum and L. Canadense and suggests that Elwes' name should belong to it. It is extremely probable that his view is the correct one.
(2316.) L. Columbianum, Hanson. Baker, Linn. Soc. Journ., XIV., 243.
L. Canadense, var. parviftorum, Hook., Fl. II., 181. L.parvum, Kell. Macoun, Cat. No. 1854. L. Philadelphicum,varß. . Hook.,Fl. II., 181.
Abundant in some localities; generally on dry gravelly soil. "Whipsaw Creek, B.C. (Dawson.) Very common at Victoria, Vancouver Island, (J. Richardson. Fletcher,) On gravelly soil throughout the oak openings in the southern part of Vancouver Island; common at Nanaimo and near the Wellington Mines; on old sea beaches of gravel and shells at Qualicum, at Home Lake, in the interior, and Alberni on the west coast. (Macoun.)