Very abundant in rich woods throughout Ontario. Not common at Pictou, N.S. (McKay.) Colchester Co., N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Hudson's Brook, Kent Co.; abundant at Fredericton; near St. John and at Norton, on the Kennebeccasis, N.B. (-Fowler, Cat.) Bathurst, N.B. (McGill Coll. Serb.) Sillery, Q. (St. Cyr.) Abundant in rich woods, Rivière du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Common along the Rouge River, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D' Urban.) Montreal Mountain, 1821. (Br. Holmes.) Very common around Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Rich woods, common at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Very common in woods throughout central Ontario. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Buchan.) Rich woods, London, Ont. Parry Sound, Georgian Bay. (Burgess.) Woods, Owen Sound, Ont. (Macoun.)
(2321.) E. albidum, Nutt. Gen. I., 223.
Apparently rare in Ontario. Abundant in a rich low wood, two miles east of Belleville, between the Grand Trunk Railway and the Bay of Quinte, 1878. (Macoun.) Steep clay banks of river at "The Cove" London, Ont. (Burgess.)
In rich, deep soil, on the farm of George Casey, M.P., near Fingal, Elgin Co., Ont., 1882. (Macoun.)
(2323.) E. grandiflorum, Var. (?) albiflorum. Hook.Fl. II., 182.
Very abundant in rich woods, and in crevices of rocks, and on old sea beaches throughout the whole southern part of Vancouver Island. A remarkably fine species and well worthy of cultivation. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Victoria. (Fletcher. Hill.)
Var. (?) Smithii. Hook., Fl. II, 182.
E. revolutum, Smith in Rees. Cycl.
Gathered by Menzies on Vancouver Island. Not lately detected unless this may be var. albiflorum, which turns pinkish in drying if young specimens are taken.
Var. giganteum, Hook., Fl. II., 182.
Summit of Coast Range, near the Fraser River, B.C., 1877. Stems, three to four flowered. (Dawson.) Harrison Lake, B.C. (Burgess, Herb.) Flowers, large bright yellow.
Var. (?) minor, Morren. Belg. Hort. XXVL, 109.
The specimens referred here are all from high mountain summits, generally one flowered and bright yellow. In moist thickets South Kootanie Pass, 1881, and on the western summit of the North Kootanie Pass, Rocky Mountains, (Dawson.) On the summit of Hope Mountain, B.C. (J. Tolmie.) Goose Creek Mountains, Cariboo, B.C., 6,000 feet alt. (Bowman.) In abundance on mountains around Kicking Horse Lake, and on the beds of snow-slides, passing up to the limit of perpetual snow; in great profusion at the summit of the Selkirks, close to the melting snow, Aug. 24th, 1885; abundant on the summit of Mount Benson, alt. 3,363 feet; occasional specimens on Mount Arrowsmith, alt. 5,500 feet, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)