Low rich woods by the borders of swamps. Halifax, and near Rock-head; Hall's Harbor, King's Co., N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Woods, Cape Blomidon, N.S. (Macoun.) Common about St. John, Loch Lomond, and St. Croix River; Upper St. John River and its tributaries, Norton, Tobi-que, near Pokiok, and Bald Mountain; rare in the northern counties of N.B. only reported from Restigouche. (Fowler, Cat.) Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) Papineau Road, near Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Rivière du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Abundant in low woods, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D'Urban.) Vicinity of Ottawa; common. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Common at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Very common throughout central Ontario in wet woods; northward it is found on drier soil, as at North
Bay, Lake Nipissing. (Macoun.) Woods, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Rich woods, London, Ont. (Burgess.) St. Joseph Island, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.) Port Colborne, Ont. (McGill Coll. Serb.) Owen Sound, and in woods up the Kaministiqua River, west of Lake Superior, (Macoun.)
Var. album, Pursh, Ft I., 245; Hook , PL, II., 180.
Occasionally detected in low woods growing with the species. Eel River, Carleton Co., N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Ironsides, Ottawa Co., Q. (J. M. Macoun.) Occasionally found with the species, and wherever it occurs about Ottawa. (Fletcher.) Gomin-Wood, near Quebec. (St.Cyr.) On limestone near Gate Lake, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D' Urban.) In low wet wood3 three miles east of Belleville, between the railway and the Bay of Quinte; low thicket, Cold Creek, Northumberland Co., Ont.; also woods at Owen Sound, Ont. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Buchan.)
Var. ochroleucum, Hook., Fl. II., 180.
Canada. (Hooker, FL) While exploring North Mountain, near Annapolis, N.S., a few years since, a couple of specimens of this variety were gathered. They are smaller flowered than the type, but generally resemble it.
Many years ago the writer obtained specimens of a form with green petals, which had been gathered in the county of Peterboro, Ont. Nothing has been heard of it for the last twenty years.
Var. declinatum, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 523.
Campbellton, N.B. (Chalmers.) North shore of Lake Superior; at the mouth of Nipigon River and in the woods up the Kaministiqua; also in abundance at Totogon, at the southern end of Lake Manitoba. (Macoun.) London, Ont.; rare; also at Emerson, Man. (Burgess.) Missinaibi River, near James Bay. (J. M. Macoun.) Moose Factory, James Bay. (Cottar & Dr. Hayden.) From the Saskatchewan to the Mackenzie River. (Hooker, Fl.)
In my opinion if this is not a distinct species its proper place is as the western and northern form of T. cernuum. When fresh the two forms are very distinct. The peduncle in T. cernuum is short and recurved, while in this it is twice as long as in cernuum and merely declined. The habitat of T. cernuum is alluvial flats, while that of the variety is low damp woods, without reference to streams. The species is scented while the variety is scentless, and the flowers of the former are not half as large as those of the latter. The two may grow in the same districts but not together. Dr. Watson disagrees with me and believes its place is with T. erectum, and in deference to him I place it there.
(2345.) T - grandiflorum, Salisb.; Pursh, Fl. I., 246; Hook., Fl. II., 180.
T. rhomboideum, var. grandiflorum, Michx., Fl. I., 216. T. camtschaticum, Pursh, Fl. I., 246.
Not uncommon in rich woods in Ontario. Vicinity of Montreal, 1814. (Pursh.) Townships of Grenville and Wentworth, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D'Urban.) Very abundant on King's Mountain and other places near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Very common at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Abundant throughout central Ontario. (Macoun.) Very common in woods at Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Rich woods, London, Ont. (Burgess.) Woods at Owen Sound, Ont. (Macoun.)
(2346.) T. ovatum, Pursh, Fl. I., 245; Hook., Fl. II., 180.
T. grandiflorum, Hook., Fl. II., 180, in part.
Rich woods in the Fraser Valley, from Yale to the coast, and not rare in rich, shady woods on Vancouver Island, from Victoria to Quali-cum and Albeimi. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Victoria. (Hill. Fletcher.)
(2347.) T. cernuum, Linn.; Hook., Fl. II., 180; Pursh, Fl. I., 245.
Chiefly in rich low woods, and intervale lands of river bottoms. Newfoundland. (Cormack.) Pictou, N.S. (McKay.) In woods, Truro, N.S. (Macoun & Burgess.) Rothesay, N.B. (Matthews.) Gallows Hill, near Napan, Northumberland Co.; Bass River, and Oxbow, on Salmon River; St. Francis, Kennebeccasis and Norton; Tobique, at Two Brooks, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Bathurst, N.B. (McGill Coll. Herb.) River Ste. Anne des Monts, Q. (Macoun. Porter.) In rich woods, Rivière du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) Vicinity of Montreal, 1821. (Dr. Holmes.) Billings Bridge, the only locality near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Woods along Bell's Creek, three miles east of Belleville, Hastings Co.; Cold Creek flats rear of Esli Terril's farm, Brighton, Northumberland Co., Ont. (Macoun.) St. Joseph Island, Georgian Bay. (J. Bell.)
(2348.) T. erythrocarpum, Michx., Fl., I.,216; Hook. Fl.,II., 180.
T. pictum, Pursh, Fl. I., 244; Holmes, Cat. Montreal Plants.
Rich and cool woods, rather local in its distribution. Windsor,
Halifax, Pictou, and Pirate's Harbor, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Sommers,
Cat.) Woods, Glenelg, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Faribault.) Common, especially on recently burned ground in northern counties; St. John and King's Go's.; also St. John city, N.B, (Fowler, Cat.) Portland, N.B. (Matthews.) In woods, Gaspé Basin, Q. (Macoun.) Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) In rich woods, Rivière du Loup, Q. (Thomas.) Papineau Wood, near Montreal, 1821. (Br. Holmes.) Abundant in rocky woods, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D' Urban.) Local at Ottawa, (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Somewhat rare at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) North Bay, Lake Nipissing, and at Collingwood, Georgian Bay. (Macoun.) St. Remi, Q.; and Kemptville, Ont. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Rich woods, Hatchley, Ont; Port Cockburn, Lake Joseph, Muskoka Co., Ont. (Burgess.)