(2486.) E. cyperinum, Linn.; Benth.&Hook.,Gen.Plant,III., 1052.

Scirpus Eriophorum, Michx., var. cyperinus, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 565;

Macoun, Cat. No. 1925 Trichophorum cyperinum, Pers.; Pursh, Fl. I., 57.

Rather common in ditches and swamps throughout eastern Canada. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) "Whycocomagh, Cape Breton; and Truro, N.S. (Macoun.) Magdalen Islands. (J. Bichardson.) Abundant at Pictou, N.S. (McKay.) Glenelg, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Faribault.) Campbellton, N.B. (Macoun.) Thunder River and St. Sauveur, Q. (St. Gyr.) Tadousac, Q. (A. T. Drummond.) In pools of water at Huckleberry Rapids, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D' Urban.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Kemptville, Ont. (Porter.) Common around Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Very abundant in central Ontario. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Swamps, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.) Sault Ste. Marie; Echimamish River, Keewatin. (B. Bell.) Abundant at the mouth of the Kaministiqua River, at Fort William, Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Hudson Bay; Canada to the Saskatchewan. (Hooker, Fl.)

All the preceding notices are supposed to belong to Scirpus Eriop-horum, Michx., var. cyperinus, Gray, which seems to be the common form.

Var. laxus, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 565.

Scirpus Eriophorum, Michx., var. laxus, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 565.

This is distinguished from all the other forms by its scattered heads, but more particularly by the long pedicelled lateral heads and sessile middle one. Along the Restigouche, near Campbellton, N.B.; wet meadows, Whycocomagh, Cape Breton; common at Belleville, Ont.; also Flat Rock Portage, Lake Nipigon, Ont. (Macoun.) Severn River, Keewatin. (J. M. Macoun.) Wet places, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.)

(2487.) E. lineatum, Benth. & Hook., Gen. Plant., III., 1052.

Scirpus lineatus, Vahl.; Michx., Fl. I., 32; Pursh, Fl. I. 56; Gray, Man. Ed. V., 566.

Bare and apparently confined to south-western Ontario. Wet gravelly river flats, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.) Point Aux Pins, Lake Erie. (Burgess.) Low ground at the southern end of Pelée Point, Lake Erie. (Macoun & Burgess.)

(2488.) E. alpinum, Linn.; Hook., Fl. II., 230.

E. Hudsonianum, Michx., Fl. I. 34. Trichophorum alpinum, Pursh, Fl. I., 57.

Peat bogs and cold swamps; common northward. Mahone Bay, Cape Breton. (Sommers, Cat.) Bog near Sydney Mine, Cape Breton. (Macoun & Burgess.) Aspy Bay, Cape Breton. (McKay.) Grand Falls of Nepisiquit, and near St. John; St. Francis, and Lily Lake; Andover, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Campbellton, N.B. (Chalmers.) Charlo, N.B. (Fletcher.) Salt Lake, and Ellis Bay, Anticosti; bogs along the Gaspé coast, and at Trois Pistoles, Q. (Macoun.) St. Charles Island, Mingan, Q. (St. Cyr.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) Beaver meadow, Hooper's Lake, Tudor, and tamarack swamps, Huntingdon, North Hastings; near, Otter Head, and south of Fort William, Lake Superior; White River, north of Lake Superior; and in bogs along Porcupine Mountain, Man. (Macoun.) Lake Mistassini, and Rupert River, N.E.T.; Severn River, Keewatin; Charlton Island, and Fort George, James Bay. (J. M. Macoun.) From Hudson Bay to Lake Mistassini. (Hooker, Fl.) Common in marshes in Beaver Creek Valley, Selkirk Mountains. (Macoun.)

(2489.) E. vaginatum, Linn.; Hook., Fl. II., 231, (Hares-tail.) E. csespitosum, Host.; Pursh, Fl. I., 5.

Peat bogs and swamps from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Halifax, Truro, and Mahone Bay, Lunenburg Co., N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Truro, N.S.; and North Sydney, and Louisburg, Cape Breton. (Macoun.) Magdalen Islands. (J. Richardson.) Halifax, N.S. (Burgess.) Common in Pictou Co., N.S. (McKay.) Common in peat bogs, Kent, and Carleton Co's.; Lancaster, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Salt Lake, Jupiter River, and Ellis Bay, Anticosti; and in bogs along the Gaspé coast, Q. (Macoun.) Grand Island, Mingan, Q. (St. Cyr.) Boggy soil, Island of Montreal. (W. F. McCrea.) Mer Bleue, near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Bog near Kemptville, Ont. Porter.) Cedar swamps and bogs, North Hastings, Ont.; in a swamp five miles north of Colborne, Ont. (Macoun.) Mossy bog, near London, Ont.

(Burgess. Millman.) Lake Mistassini, N.E.T.; Beren's River, and Severn River, Keewatin. (J. M. Macoun.) Bogs, Lake Nipigon, Ont.; Porcupine Mountain, Man.; abundant in swamps along the Bow River, and frequent in marshes, Rocky Mountains; east of Stewart's Lake, Northern British Columbia. (Macoun.) Canada to Fort Enterprise. (Hooker, Fl.) Sitka. (Rothr. Alask.) Cumberland Islands. (Parry.) Banff, Rocky Mountains. (Prof. Fowler.) Greenland. (Lange.)

(2490.) E. russeolum, Fries.

E. vaginatum, var. γ., Hook., Fl. II., 231. Rather uncommon in bogs eastward. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Coast of Labrador. (Butler.) Magdalen Islands. (McKay.) Bog, Straits of Canso, N.S. (Macoun.) Bog, near Richibucto; Cape Bald, Port Elgin, Hillsborough, Cape Enrage; Chipman, N. B. (Fowler, Cat.) Bog, Salt Lake, Anticosti; summit of Mount Albert, Gaspé, Q. (Macoun.) Ouatchechou, Q. (St. Cyr.) Table Top Mountain, Gaspé, Q. (Porter.)

(2491.) E. capitatum, Host.; Hook., Fl. II., 231.

E. Scheuchzeri, Hoppe.; Rothr. Alask., 457.

E. Chamissonis, C. A. Meyer; Rothr. Alask., 457.

Peat bogs and river margins, chiefly westward. Newfoundland. (Oormack.) Labrador. (Butler.) Moose Factory, James Bay. (Cottar & Dr. Hayden.) Hudson Bay, lat. 56°. (J. M. Macoun.) Bogs, Porcupine Mountain, Man.; common along the Bow River, at Castle Mt. and bordering the marshes along the Columbia, between Golden City and Donald; in marshes along Beaver Creek, Selkirk Mountains, B.C.; Stewart's Lake, B.C. (Macoun.) Vancouver city, Burrard Inlet, B.C. (Prof. Fowler.) Island Lake, B.C. (Hill.) Lost Lake, Cedar Hill, near Victoria, and Westwood's swamp, near Nanaimo, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Swamps on Mount Finlayson, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.) Kotzebue Sound, Sitka and Ounalashka. (Rothr. Alask.) Fort Churchill, and northward to Repulse Bay and Cape Lady Pelly. (Dr. Rae.) Point Barrow. (John Murdoch.) Cumberland Island. (Parry.) From Quebec to the swamps on the summits of the Rocky Mountains, and to the Arctic coasts and islands. (Hooker, Fl.) Port Kennedy, lat. 72°. (Dr. Walker.) Greenland. (Lange.)

Var. ß., Hook., Fl. II., 231.

E. callitrix, Cham.; Rothr. Alask., 457. Island of St. Lawrence. (Rothr. Alask.) The leaves in this variety are scabrous.

(2492.) E. Virginicum, Linn.; Michx., Fl. I., 34; Pursh, Fl. I., 58; Hook., Fl. II., 231.

Not uncommon in bogs eastward. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Brigus, Newfoundland. (R. Bell.) Magdalen Islands. (J. Richardson.) Pictou, and Guysboro Co., N.S. (McKay.) Pictou, N.S. (Burgess.) Caledonia, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Faribault.) Common in bogs in northern counties; Lily Lake, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Ouatchechou; Valcartier, Q. (St. Cyr.) Boggy margins of small lakes, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D' Urban.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Kemptville, Ont. (Porter.) Marsh west of Prescott Junction, Ont. (Billings.) Tamarack swamps, Hastings Road, and Marmora, Hastings Co. Ont.; swamp, five miles north of Colborne, Ont. (Macoun.) Millgrove, near Hamilton, Ont. (Logic.) London, Ont.; and Parry Sound, Georgian Bay. (Burgess.) Oba Lake, Ont. (R. Bell.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) Mer Bleue, Ottawa; Port Colborne, Lake Erie. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Canada to the Saskatchewan. (Hooker, Fl.)

Var. album, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 566.

Wool quite white, heads much smaller. In a bog near the town of North Sydney, Cape Breton. (Macoun.)

(2493.) E. polystachyon, Linn.; Pursh, Fl. I., 58; Hook., Fl. II., 231.

E. polystachyon, ß., Michx., Fl. I., 34.

E. polystachyon, L., var. latifolium, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 566.

Very common in marshes and bogs, under various forms, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Magdalen Islands. (J. Richardson.) Aspy Bay, Cape Breton; and Magdalen Islands. (McKay.) Caledonia, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Faribault,) Common in bogs throughout New Brunswick. (Fowler Cat.) Bake Apple Bog, North Sydney, Cape Breton; and Truro, N.S. (Macoun.) Hunting Island, Mingan; Ouatchechou, and St. Sauveur, Q. (St. Cyr.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Jessup's Swamp and common northward, from Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) The Dell, Ancaster, near London, Ont. (Logie.) London, Ont.; Lake of the Woods, and Rosseau River, Man. (Burgess.) Swamp near Turtle Mountain, Man. (Millman.) Between Badger Creek and Turtle Mountain, Man. (Dawson.) Moose Mountain Creek, Man. (J. M. Macoun.) Abundant at Flat, and Gopher creeks, Man.; swamps, Bear Hills, Alberta; rather common from Morley westward through the Rocky and Selkirk mountains, B.C.; on the summit of Mount Arrowsmith, and along the shores of Horne Lake, near Qualicum, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Norton Sound to Point

Barrow and the Arctic coast. (Bothr. Alask.) Canada to the Rocky Mountains, and to the Arctic sea-shore and islands. (Hooker, Fl.) Between Fort Churchill and York Factory. (Dr. Bae.) Port Kennedy, lat. 72°. (Dr. Walker.) Nottingham, and Digge's islands, Hudson Strait. (B. Bell)

Var. angustifolium, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 566.

E. angustifolium, Roth.; Pursh, Fl. I., 58; Hook., Fl. II., 231.

Doubtless many of the references under var. latifolium belong here, but we had no means of determining, and so placed them all under the general head. Campbellton, N.B. (Chalmers.) North Sydney, Cape Breton, and Yarmouth, N.S.; marshes, Mount Albert, Gaspé Q.; bogs, Salt Lake, Anticosti; peaty swamps, near Belleville, Ont.; Red Rock, Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Kemptville, Ont. (Porter.) Greenland. (Lange.)

(2494.) E. gracile, Koch.; Hook., Fl. II., 231.

E. angustifolium, Torr. Bot. N. York, II., 359. Peat and other bogs, common eastward. Newfoundland. (Cormack.) Bogs, Windsor, and Halifax, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Goldenville, Guys-boro Co., N.S. (Faribault.) Dartmouth, N.S. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Rather common at Bass River; Lancaster, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Dow's swamp and other places, Ottawa; uncommon. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Dr. Jessup's swamp and northward from Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Loboro Lake, Ont. (Prof. Fowler.) Swamp, a little east of Belleville, Ont.; Big Swamp, Murray, and in marshy meadows near Trenton, Northumberland Co.; Chicken Bay, shore of Lake Huron, and marshy spots, Point Aux Pins, Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Churchill River, and York Factory, Hudson Bay. Cape Chudleigh, Hudson Strait. (B. Bell.) Saskatchewan to the Arctic sea. (Hooker, Fl.) Fort Wrangel, Alaska. (Meehan.)

Var. paucinervium, Engelm.; Gray, Man. Ed. V., 566. Mossy bog near London, Ont. (Millman. Burgess.)