III. Spikelets sometimes all staminate at the tip, or with one androgynous or altogether staminate.
* Stigmas II. or III.
Summits of the Rocky Mountains, between lat. 54°-56°. (Drummond.) Drummond collected in the Rocky Mountains, between the sources of the Athabasca and Peace River. The latter river leaves the mountains in lat. 56° 12', so that all his mountain species were gathered south of lat. 56°. (Macoun.)
(2588.) C. Franklinii, Boott, Hook., Fl. II., 217,
t. 218, (1840.) Rocky mountains, about lat. 56°. (Drummond.)
(2589.) C. misandra, E. Br., Suppl. Parry's Voy., 283, (1823.)
C. fuliginosa, Sternb. & Hoppe.; Hook., Fl. II., 224, (1840.) C. misandra, var. elatior, Lange, Fl. Groen., 140, (1880.)
Arctic sea-coast. (Richardson.) Repulse Bay, and arctic coast. (Hooker, Fl.) Throughout Arctic America. (Bailey.) Port Kennedy, Baffin Bay. (Dr. Walker.) Greenland. (Lange.) Between Fort Churchill, and York Factory, Hudson Bay. (Dr. Rae.) Kotzebue Sound, and Norton Sound. (Rothr. Alask.) Cape Chudleigh, Digge's Island, and the Eskimo Village of Hyla, Hudson Strait. (R. Bell.)
(2590.) C. atrofusca, Schkuhr. Riedgr. 106, f. 82, (1801.) C. ustulata, Wahl.; Schk. f. 82, (1803); Hook., Fl II., 224.
Labrador. (Schweinitz & Torrey, vide Hooker, Fl.)
(2591.) C. aurea, Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. PI. II., 205, (1818); Hook., Fl. II., 226.
C. mutica, E. Br., Frankl. Narr. App. 763. (1823.)
C. pyriformis, Schweinitz, An. Tab. (1823.)
C. aurea var. androgyna, Olney, Exsicc. I., 15, (1870.)
Common in wet meadows, and springy places from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Grassy places at Annapolis, Truro, and Windsor, N.S. (Macoun.) Pictou Co., N.S. (McKay.) Near St. John, Kennebeccasis Island, Andover, and Minister's Face, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Lower Tobique River, N.B. (Hay.) Riviere de Brig, Anticosti; on rocks along the Ste. Anne des Monts River, Gaspé, Q. (Macoun.) Ste. Geneviève Island, Mingan Island, and Island of Orleans, Q. (tit. Cyr.) Madeline River, Gaspé, Q. (Porter.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Field near Fort Wellington, Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Abundant in cedar swamps and wet meadows throughout central and northern Ontario, to Red Bay, Lake Huron, and around Lake Superior, where it is chiefly the androgynous form; to Lake Nipigon, at Livingstone Point, and to Thunder Bay, at Port Arthur, and Fort William. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) London; Point aux Pins, Lake Erie; and Port Arthur, Lake Superior; Lake of the Woods. (Burgess.) Lake Mistassini,
N.E.T.; Severn River, Keewatin. (J. M. Macoun.) Oba Lake, Ont.; Knee Lake and Nelson River, Keewatin. (R. Bell.) Lake of the Woods; South Kootanie Pass, and north fork of Old Man River, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) Moose Mountain Creek, Assiniboia. (J. M. Macoun.) Abundant on the prairie in wet spots from Winnipeg westward to the Rocky Mountains, and northward to Peace River, lat. 58°; in the foot-hills, and from Morley westward through the Rocky Mountains to Roger's Pass, in the Selkirk Mountains; abundant in northern British Columbia, to Fort McLeod, lat. 55°; Somenos; and Qualicum, at Home Lake, Vancouver Island; rather rare. (Macoun.) Lake Winnipeg to Carle.ton House and the Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.) Pelly River, lat. 63°, north of British Columbia. (Dawson.)
(2592.) C. albata, Bailey, in herb.
Prof. Bailey considers this the American representative of G.frigida, Allioni. It is a most remarkable and distinct Carex, and can be recognized at once by its dark brown spikelets, and long, narrow, and spreading perigynia, Spikelets usually four, nearly all staminato at the apex; scales brown, scarious-margined and blunt, and scarcely half as long as the tapering perigynium which is toothed at the apex. The lowest spikelet is generally long peduncled, and often four inches below the next one above, the two upper ones are so close together that they appear as one. Gathered in quantity on the borders of small ponds, Mount Mark, Vancouver Island, alt, 2,500 feet, July 27th, 1887. (Macoun.)
(2593.) C. prasina, Wahl. Kongl. Acad. Handl. XXIV., 161, (1802.>
C. miliacea, Muhl. (1806); Hook., FL II., 216; Macoun, Cat. No. 2022. Growing in clumps in low wet places near springs in woods; rather rare. In a ravine on Simon Terrill's Farm, Brighton, Northumberland Co., Ont.; in thickets at Port Stanley, Elgin Co., Ont. (Macoun.) Low grounds, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.) Canada. (Hooker, Fl.)
(2594.) C. debilis, Michx., Fl. I., 172, (1803.)
Not uncommon in woods and thickets in Nova Scotia, at Truro; on McNab's Island at Halifax, and at Annapolis; also abundant in grassy thickets at North Sydney, Cape Breton. (Macoun & Burgess.) Bass River, Kent Co., and Fredericton; Carleton Co.; common at Salmon River, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Newfoundland. (Reeks.)
(2595.) C. oederi, Retz., Ehrh. Calam. Exsicc, No. 79; Hook., Fl. II., 225, (1840.)
C.flava, Willd.; Pursh, Fl. I.41, (1814.)
C. viridula, Michx., Fl. I., 170, (1803.)
C.flava, var. lutescens, Wahl., Fl. Lapl, 234, (1812.)
In gravel on river and lake margins, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Common along the river at Yarmouth, and Annapolis, N.S. (Macoun.) On the shore at Rothesay; Carleton Co.; and Tobique River, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Vicinity of Jupiter River, and at EHis Bay, Anticosti. (Macoun.) River margins at Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Near Fort Wellington, Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Shore of Toronto Island, Lake Ontario. (Millman.) West Rideau Lake, Ont. (Porter.) Abundant in moist sand, Presqu'ile Point, and Wellington Beach, Lake Ontario; Gull River, at Balsam Rapids, and up to Minden, Victoria Co.; Gull Lake, Kennebec, Addington Co.; also at Owen Sound, Ont.; Sault Ste. Marie, and around the east and north sides of Lake Superior, and northward to Lake Nipigon, at Nipigon House. (Macoun.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) London; Saugeen, Lake Huron; Parry Sound, Georgian Bay; Point aux Pins, and Blenheim, Lake Erie. (Burgess.) Rainy River and Lake. (Richardson.) Rupert River, N.E.T.; and Severn River, Keewatin; Hurricane Hills, west of Moose Mountain, Assiniboia. (J. M. Macoun.) Abundant on the margins of salt ponds, from Winnipeg westward across the prairies to the Rocky Mountains; rather common in marshes and around springs, from Mor-ley westward through the Rocky Mountains to Roger's Pass, in the Selkirk Mountains; common on lake margins, at Cedar Hill, Nanaimo, Qualicum, and Alberni, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Niagara, Lake Winnipeg, and Hudson Bay. (Hooker, Fl.) Greenland. (Lange.)