Var. stygia, Bailey, Carex, Syn. 95, (1886.)
C. stygia, Fries. Mant. III., 141.
C. rariflora, Rothrock, Pl. Alask. 457. (?)
Spikes mostly thicker and more drooping than in the species; scales very black, longer pointed. Alaska and Shumagan Island. (Bailey.) Ounalashka, and Bay of Schischmareff. (Rothr. Alask.) We place-here the C. rariflora of Rothrock in Dall's Alaska.
(2620.) C. Raynoldsii, Dew. Sill. Journ. XXXII., 39, (1837.)
C. Lyallii, Boott, Ill. 150, t. 483. Mountains of Montana, and Washington territory. (Bailey.) Will likely be found north of lat. 49°, B.C.
(2621.) C. Stylosa, C. A. Meyer, Act. Acad. St. Petersb. I., 222, (1831.)
(2622.) C. Tolmiei, Boott, Hook., Fl. II., 224,
(1840.) C. vulgaris, Olney, Proc Am. Acad. 407, (1872.) South Kootanie Pass, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) The specimens referred here are identical with those of Suksdorf, gathered on Mount. Adams, Washington Territory, 1883.
(2623.) C. livida, Willd. Sp. Pl. IV., 285, (1805); Hook.,Fl. II., 224.
C limosa, var. livida, Wahl. Köngl. Acad. Handl. XXIV., 162, (1802.)
C. Gayana, Dew. Sill. Journ. XXV, 141, (1834.)
C. livida, var. radicalis, Paine, Cat. Oneida Co. Plants.
Peat bog at Louisburg, Cape Breton. (Macoun & Burgess.) Bogs, Salt Lake, Anticosti; in a beaver meadow, Huntingdon, Hastings Co.; Kiladar, Addington Co.; marsh, Chicken Bay, Lake Huron; in a marsh at Morley, Rocky Mountains; in marshes along Beaver Creek, near Roger's Pass, Selkirk Mountains. (Macoun.) Hudson Bay to Cumberland House and Fort Carleton, and thence to the Rocky Mountains; Sitka, and North West coast. (Hooker, Fl.) Labrador, and Lake Superior, and high northward. (Bailey.) Sitka. (Rothr. Alask.) Arctic sea-coast. (Richardson.)
(2624.) C. panicea, Linn. Sp. Pl. 911, (1753.)
Wet meadows, Bass River, Kent Co., N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) In meadows, two miles from Windsor, N.S.; along the "pipe line" for the water supply; also in marshy meadows around the ruins of Louisburg, Cape Breton. (Macoun & Burgess.) As in both cases the species was found in cultivated ground, we consider it introduced. The dark purple (Louisburg) or purple margined (Windsor) scale, distinguish it from every form of the next.
(2625.) C. tetanica, Schkuhr. Riedgr. Nach tr, 68, (1806); Pursh, Fl. I., 43.
C. refracta, Willd. Sp. Pl. IV, 297, in part, (1805.) C. Woodii, Dew. Sill. Journ. II., 487, (1846.) C. panicea, var. tetanica, Olney, Exsicc. L, 23, (1870.) C. panicea, var. Woodii, Olney, Exsicc. II., 27, (1871.) C. panicea, var. Bebbii, Olney, Exsicc. I., 22, (1870.) C. Meadii, var, Bebbii, Arthur, Contr. Fl. Iowa, VI.
Culm slender; leaves narrow, green; spikes pale, mostly greenish, mostly thin and loosely flowered, attenuated below. (Bailey.) Sparingly in a meadow east of Belleville, Ont.; abundant in Manitoba and westward; especially common in low meadows east of Brandon. (Macoun.)
(2626.) C. Meadii, Dew. Sill. Journ. XLIII., 90, (1842.)
C. panicea,var. Meadii, Olney, Exsicc. L. 24, (1870.) C. panicea, var. Canbyi, Olney, Exsicc. II., 24, (1871.) C. tetanica, var. Meadii, Bailey, Carex, Syn. 118, (1886.) Our specimens of this species are so different from those of C. tetanica that we consider them specifically distinct. Filo Hills, and Qu'Appelle
Valley, Assiniboia. (Macoun.)
(2627.) C. vaginata, Tausch. Bot. Zeit. 557, (1821.)
C. panicea, var. sparsiflora, Wahl. Fl. Lapp. 236, (1812.)
C. phseostachya, Smith; Hook., Fl. II., 226, (1840.)
C. sparsiflora, Steud. Norn. Bot. 296, (1840.)
C. vaginata, var. alto-cavlis, Dew. Sill. Journ.
C. panicea, var. refacta, Olney, Exsicc. I., 24, (1870.) Northern Labrador. (Turner.) Swampy wood, Salt, Lake, Anti-costi; Mount Albert, Shickshock Mountains, Gaspé, Q. (Macoun.) Harbor Island, Mingan, Q. (St. Cyr.) Recollet Swamp, Montreal. (C. F. McCrea.) Abundant in cedar swamps at Belleville, and westward throughout northern and north-westerly Ontario; around Lake Superior and northerly to Lake Nipigon. and westerly to Point du Chein, Man. (Macoun.) Lake Mistassini, N.E.T. (J. M. Macoun.) In spruce and other swamps, from Morley westward through the Rocky Mountains to Donald, in the Columbia Valley; in swamps throughout northern British Columbia, 1875. (Macoun.) Fort Norman, Mackenzie Elver; Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.)
(2628.) C. granulans, Muhl. (1806); Hook., Fl. II, 226.
C. chlalaros, Steud. Cyper. Plant, 231, (1855.)
C. Haleana, Olney, Exsicc. III., 14, (1871.) Abundant in wet meadows in Ontario; wet grounds, Bass River, Kent Co.; college grounds, Fredericton; and Sussex, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Everywhere common around Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Very abundant in low wet meadows and thickets throughout central Ontario; meadows, Owen Sound; along the Kaministiqua, at Fort William, and twenty miles up that stream; Blackwater River, Lake Nipigon. (Macoun.) Swamp, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.) Damp prairies, from Winnipeg west to Brandon, Man. (Macoun.) Quebec. (Hooker, Fl.)
(2629.) C. Crawei, Dew.; Torr. Bot. N. York II., 408, (1843.)
C. heterostachya, Torr. Sill. Journ. (2d. Ser.) II., 248,
(1846.) C. Crawei, var. heterostachya, Dew. Sill. Journ. (2d. Ser.) XLII, 4, (1866.) Wet gravel, South West Point, Anticosti. (Macoun.) Shore of St. Lawrence, Montreal. (C. F. McCrea.) Field near Fort Wellington, Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Wet gravel, Massassaga Point, near Belleville, Ont.; on wet sand, Presqu'ile Point, Lake Ontario; on wet sand at Owen Sound, an 1 in marshy ground, Red Bay, Lake Huron; wet gravel, Assiniboine Rapids, east of Brandon, Man. (Macoun.)
(2630.) C. Torreyi, Tuckerman, Enum. Meth. 21, (1843.)