(2648.) C. varia, Muhl. (1806); Hook., Fl. II., 223; Pursh, Fl. I., 40, (1814.)

C. varia, yar.pedicillata, Dew. Sill. Journ. XL, 163, (1827.)

C collecta, Dew. Sill. Journ. XI., 314; (1827.)

C. Pennsylvanica, var. Muhlenbergii, (Gray, Gram. & Cypr. 410, (1836.)

C. Pennsylvanica, Torr. Cyp. 410, (1836.)

C. varia, var. minor, Boott, Ill. 97. Rather common in woods at Truro, Annapolis, and Canso, N.S. (Macoun.) Halifax, and Pirate's Cove, N.S. (Burgess.) Dry knolls in woods at Bass River, and at Fredericton Junction; rather common at Salmon River, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Plains of Abraham, Q. (St. Cyr.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Common at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Rocky ravines, Gibson's Mountain, and Picton, Prince Edward Co.; Shannonville, and Trenton, Hastings Co;, and westward to Owen Sound, and seven miles up the Kaministiqua, west side of Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Woods, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.) British America. (Hooker, Fl)

(2649.) C. Emmonsii, Dew.; Torr. Cyp. 411, (1836.)

C. alpestris, Dew. Sill. Journ. VII., 268, (1824.)

C. Davisii, Dew. Sill. Journ. X., 279, (1826.)

C. Novae-Angliae, var. Emmonsii, Carey, Gray, Man. Ed. I., 556, (1848.)

C. leucorum, var. Emmonsii, Chapm. Flora, 539, (1860.)

C. Emmonsii, var. elliptica, Boott, Ill. 97.

C. varia, var. minor, Hook., Fl. II., 223, (1840.) McNab's Island, Halifax Harbor, and Windsor, N.S. (Macoun.) Dry bank near the Manse, Blackville; Petitcodiac; Salmon River, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) St. John, N.B. (Burgess.) Montreal Mountain. (C. F. McCrea.) King's Mountain, near Chelsea, Q.; and at Rock-cliffe, Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Chalk River, Renfrew Co., and westward throughout Ontario to Lake Erie, at Port Stanley; and northwesterly to Lake Nipigon, north of Lake Superior. (Macoun.) Rocky woodlands, west of Brockville, Ont. (Billings.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Woods, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.) Quesnel, and McLeod's Lake, lat. 55°, northern British Columbia. (Macoun.) British America to Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.)

(2650.) C. Novae-Angliae, Schweinitz, An. Tab. (1823.)

Bather more northern in its range than C. Emmonsii, and often very like it in general appearance, the purple-margined scale not always being a sure guide. Damp woods, Truro; Point Pleasant, and McNab's Island, Halifax Harbor, N.S. (Macoun & Burgess.) Rocky points, Gaspé coast, Q. (Macoun.) St. John, Petitcodiac, and Chipman, N.B. (Fowler, Gat.) Sudbury Junction, northern Ontario, and on rocks ten miles south of Fort William, Lake Superior; Telegraph Trail, lat. 54°, B.C.; summit of Mount Arrowsmith, Vancouver Island, alt. 5,500 feet. (Macoun.) Lake Lindeman, Lewes River. (Schwatka.) Arctic sea-coast, and Methy Portage. (Richardson.)

Var. deflexa, Bailey, Carex, Syn. 124, (1886.)

The specimens referred here are distinguished from the species by the deflexed beak of the perigynium, which has also a purple spot on the inside of the bend. Sheaths reticulated at the base. Grassy thickets, McLeod's Lake, lat. 55°, northern British Columbia. (Macoun.)

Var. Rossii, Bailey, Bot. Gaz. X., 207, (1885.) C. Rossii, Boott, Hook., Fl. II., 222, (1840.)

On elevated snow-slides, and grassy margins of thickets, from Castle Mountain to Hector, Rocky Mountains; Yale Mountain, B.C.; rocky fields at Cedar Hill, Gordon Head, Horne Lake, and Nanaimo, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Rocky Mountains, and North West coast. (Hooker, Fl.) Telegraph Creek, lat. 58°, B.C. (Dawson.)

(2651.) C. umbellata, Schk. (1801); Pursh, Fl. I., 44; Hook., Fl. II., 222.

C. umbellata, var. vicina, Dew. Sill. Journ. XL, 317, (1826.) Not uncommon, chiefly on sandy soil, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Hillsides at Truro, and on rocks and sand, Point Pleasant, Halifax, N.S. (Macoun & Burgess.) Rocky ground, near the Manse at Blackville; Bed Bank, and Petitcodiac, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Sand hills, Chalk River, Renfrew Co.; Oak Hills, Hastings Co.; on rocks at Otter Head, Lake Superior; near Lake Ellen, Nipigon River. (Macoun.) British America to Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.) Lakes Superior and Huron; Methy Portage, and at Forts Chipweyan and Simpson. (Richardson.)

Var. brevirostris, Boott, Ill. 99.

C. globosa, W. Boott, Bot. Calif. II., 246, in part, (1880.)

Bather common in tufts on rocky banks, from Morley westward in the Rocky Mountains to Castle Mountain; dry slopes at Yale, and Jackass Mountain, B.C. (Macoun.)

(2652.) C. pubescens, Muhl. (1805); Pursh, Fl. I., 42; Hook., Fl II., 223.

Meadows, and borders of moist woods. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Petitcodiac, N. B. (Fowler, Cat.) Stewart's Bush, near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Rather rare near Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Meadows between Belleville and Trenton, Hastings Co.; near Wooler, Northumberland Co., Ont. (Macoun.) Rich low woods, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.)

‡ ‡ Beak of perigynium more or less elongated. * Beak emarginate or obliquely truncate.

(2653.) C. scabrata, Schweinitz, An. Tab. (1823); Hook., Fl. 11., 222.

Wet meadows and around springs at Annapolis, and Windsor, N.S. (Macoun.) Wet grounds, Bass River, Kent Co.; Norton, and Camp-bellton, N.B. (Fowler, Gat.) Nepisiquit Lake, N.B. (Hay.) Near Quebec. (Cleghorn.) Borders of springs in woods and swamps at Brighton, and Port Hope, Ont.; Jones Falls, Owen Sound, and at Port Stanley, Lake Erie. (Macoun.) Near London, Ont. (Burgess.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.)

(2654.) C. arctata, Boott, Hook., Fl. II., 227,

(1840.) C. sylvatica, Dew. Sill. Journ. X., 40, (1826.) Abundant in meadows and thickets, and in open forest. Margin of dry woods beside the Manse, Bass River, Kent Co.; rather common at Salmon River; St. John and various places in Wesmoreland Co., N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Island of Orleans, Q. (St. Cyr.) Sugar Bush Lake, Montcalm Co., Q. (D' Urban.) St. Andrews, near Montreal. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Quite common in dry woods at Belleville, Ont., at Grafton and Queenston Heights, and westward to London, Ont. (Macoun.)