(2534.) C. Stipata, Muhl. Cat. (1805); Pursh, PL I., 35.

C. vulpinoidea, Torr. (1836); Hook., Fl. II., 212.

C. Crus-corvi, Shuttle worth; Sommers, Cat., Nova Scotia Plants.

Very common in ditches and wet meadows, extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Halifax, and Annapolis, N.S. (Macoun.) Near Bedford, N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Pictou Co., and Magdalen Islands, N.S. (McKay.) Common at Bass River; Norton, N.B. (Fowler, Gat.) Lower Tobique River, N.B. (Hay.) Dalhousie, N.B. (Chalmers.) Tadousac, mouth of Saguenay River, Q. (Barnston.) Water Cove, Saguenay River, Pentecost River, and Island of Orleans, Q. (St. Cyr.) Murray Bay, River St. Lawrence; also St. Andrews, Q. (McQill Coll. Herb.) Wet meadows near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Common at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Kemptville, Ont. (Porter.) Abundant in meadows and ditches throughout central Ontario and extending westward to Lake Nipigon, at the mouth of the Blackwater River. (Macoun.) Swamps, vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Swamps at London, Ont. (Burgess.) Muskeg Creek, Lake Winnipeg. (J. M. Macoun.) Marshy places along Lake Winnipegoosis, and at Swan Lake House, Man.; Columbia Valley, at Donald, B.C.; in ditches at Somenos, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Wet places, Agassiz Station, B.C. (Fletcher.)

(2535.) C. alopecoidea, Tuckerman, Enum. Meth., 18, (1843.)

C. alopecoidea, var. sparsi-spicata, Dew. Sill. Journ. VIII., 350, (1849,) C. cephalophora, var. maximi, Daw. Sill. Journ. XLIII, 92, (1842.)

Very rare in Canada. Only collected hitherto in Manitoba. Turtle Mountain, Man., near lat. 49°, 1874. (Burgess. Dawson.)

(2536.) C. sparganioides, Muhl. Cat. (1805); Pursh, Fl. I., 36.

C. cephalophora, ß. Torr. Cyp. 389, (1836.)

C. sparganioides, var. minor, Boott. I11., No. 284.

C. muricata, var. cephaloidea, Dew. Sill. Journ. XI., 308, (1326.)

Grassy thickets, and by fences; chiefly in western Ontario. Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Miriwin's woods, and in fields, not common, Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Open grassy woods and along fences; scarce at Belleville, Ont.; abundant in rich low woods, near Amherstburgh, Lake Erie, Ont. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Low meadows, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.)

(2537.) C. macrocephala, Wilid.; Hook., Fl. II., 215, (1840.)

C. Menziesiana, Smith, Herb. Growing in sand on Savary Island, Gulf of Georgia, B.C., 1885. (Dawson.) This is a most remarkable species, and has a very striking appearance. Like most plants growing in sea-sand, it is short and stout. (Macoun.) North West coast. (Hooker, Fl.)

(2538.) C. cephaloidea, Boott, I11. 123, (1858.) Sandy woodland near London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.)

(2539.) C. cephalophora, Muhl. (1805); Hook., Fl. II., 212.

Not uncommon in Ontario, in grassy thickets from Belleville westward. (Macoun.) Port Colborne, Lake Erie. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Thickets, near London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.)

Var. angustifolia, Boott. I11., 123, (1858.)

C. Leavenworthii, Dew. Sill. Journ. II., 246, (1846.) In abundance in rocky and grassy thickets on Pelée Island, Lake Erie. (Macoun.)

(2540.) C - Muhlenbergii, Schk. (1806); Pursh, Fl I., 36; Hook., Fl. II., 212.

Rather uncommon in grassy thickets and open woods. On a ridge near Marmora Village, Hastings Co.; Pelée Point, Lake Erie, and Port Dover Junction, near St. Thomas, Ont. (Macoun.) Meadows near London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.) Hudson Bay. (Torrey.)

(2541.) C. Brongniartii, Kunth. var. densa, Bailey, Carex, Syn., No. 241, (1886.)

C. anihericoides, Presl.; Hook., Fl. II., 211. (?) C. paniadata, W. Boott, Bot. Calif. II., 232, (1880.)

Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island. (Hooker, Fl.)

(2542.) C. leiorhyncha, C. A. Meyer, Cyp. Nov. (1830.)

Along the Pacific coast, probably from Oregon northward. (Bailey.) Specimens referred here were gathered at Yale, British Columbia, May, 1875. (Macoun.)

(2543.) C - muricata, Linn., var. gracilis, Boott, I11., 193, (1858.)

C. Hookeriana, Dew. Sill. Journ. XXIX., 248, (1836); Hook., Fl. II., 212.

Abundant in many parts of the prairie region, but particularly in the Qu'Appello Valley and at Moose Jaw, Assiniboia. (Macoun.) Carleton House, on the Saskatchewan. (Hooker, Fl.)

Var. conflxa, Bailey, Coulter's, Bot. Gaz. X., 203, (1885.)

C. Hoodii, W. Boott, Bot. Calif. II., 232, in part, (1880.) C. muricata, Hook., Fl. II., 212, (?) (1840.)

Oregon, and northward into British America. (Bailey.) North West coast. (Hooker, Fl.) We have seen no specimens.

(2544.) C. rosea, Schk. (1806); Pursh, Fl. I., 36; Hook., Pi. II., 212.

Abundant in. thickets in many parts of the eastern provinces and Ontario. New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) North Mountain, Annapolis, N.S. (Macoun.) Petitcodiac, and Portage, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Nepisiquit River, N. B. (Bay.) Vicinity of Calumet, Q. (Ami.) Stewart's Bush, Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Common in woods at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Moist woods and along the margins of fences and in new meadows throughout central Ontario, and westward to Lake Huron, at Owen Sound. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Thickets at London, Ont.; Emerson, and Turtle Mountain, Man. (Burgess.) In a swamp, Red River Valley, Man. (Dawson.) Lake Winnipeg. (Bourgeau.)

Var. radiata, Lew. Sill. Journ. X., 216, (1826.)

C. neglecta, Tuckerman, Enum. Meth., 19,(1843.) C. rosea, var. minor, Boott. Ill., 81, (1858.)

Open grassy woods, at Picton, Prince Edward Co.; damp woods at Belleville, Hastings Co., Ont.; at Niagara Falls, in oak woods, and in woods at Amherstburgh, Lake Erie. (Macoun.)

Var. retroflexa, Torrey, Cyp. 383, (1836.)

C. retroflexa, Muhl.; Pursh, Fl. I., 35; Hook., Fl. II., 212; Macoun, Cat. No. 2050.

British America. (Torrey.) Moist woods, William Anderson's Farm,. Ameliasburgh, Prince Edward Co., Ont. (Macoun.)