Damp, grassy places, Methy River, Lat. 57°, N.W.T. 1888. (J. M. Macoun.)
(2507.) C. dioica, Linn.
Professor Bailey informs me that the specimens placed under this species in Part IV., 109, belong to G. gynocrates. This species is therefore cancelled, and references under it go to G. gynocrates.
(2524.) C. Jamesil, Schweinitz; Bailey, Mem.Torr. Bot. Club., I, 48. References under G. Steudelii, Kunth, Part IV., 113, belong here.
(2528.) C. Sartwellii, Dew. Sill. Journ. XLIII, 90. (1842.)
References under G. disticha. Huds, Part IV., 114, belong here.
Prof. Bailey in Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, I., 8, says that "the American plant is abundantly distinct from the European G. disticha, Huds." Prof. Dewey and Dr. Boott thought otherwise, but we fully agree with Prof. Bailey in keeping them apart.
Var. occidental is, Bailey, MS. N. Var
Head lighter coloured than in the species; spikes more pointed; scales thin, whitish, very sharp and as long as, or longer than the peri-gynium. Guichon Creek, Nicola Valley, B.C. 1888. (Dawson.) Borders of saline marshes around Kara loops, B.C. 1889. (Macoun.)
(2529.) C. Douglasii, Boott; Macoun, Cat. IV., 115.
Abundant and in fine fruit on the dry arid plain between the Ferry and the North Thompson, opposite Kamloops, B.C., June, 1889. (Macoun.)
(2530.) C. marcida, Boott; Macoun, Cat. IV., 115.
Quite common on the dry flats by the Thompson River at Spence's Bridge and Kamloops, B.C. 1889. (Macoun,)
Var. alterna, Bailey, MS. N. Var.
"Tall and very slender, the culm even flexuose; spikes small and scattered, the lower ones a half inch or more separated and. the head often 2 inches long; perigynium lance-ovate, longer than in the species and more strongly nerved, especially on the outer side, and strongly stipitate." In dry gravelly soil along Shuswap Lake near Scotch Creek, B.C., June 18th, 1889. (Macoun.)
(2533.) C. teretiuscula, Good., var. ampla, Bailey, Mora. Torr. Bot. Club, I., 53.
"Very large and stout, growing three feet or more high in dense tufts; heads huge (2 to 3 in. long), much branched, chaffy; perigynium twice larger than in the species, nerved on the back, shining at maturity, produced into a long beak." Quaking bog, on the border of Burnaby Lake, near Vancouver City, B.C., April 19th, 1880. (J. M. Macoun.)
(2543.) C. Hookeriana, Dewey; Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, I., 14.
C. muricata, var. gracilis, Boott; Macoun, Cat. IV., 118.
"Very slender; head interrupted, caslaneous, small, the spikes sometimes alternately arranged; bracts of the two or three lower spikes produced into long awns, which surpass the spikes; perigynium small, green, usually lightly nerved, gradually produced into a beak which is cut into sharp awl-like teeth," Sec Part IV. for distribution.
(2545.) C. Hoodii, Boott; Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, I., 14; Macoun, Cat. IV., 119.
C. muricata, Linn., var. confixa, Bailey; Macoun, Cat. IV., 119.
In thickets at Agassiz, B.C., May 14th, 1889. (Macoun.)
(2549.) C. festiva, Dew., var. pachystachya, Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, I., 51.
C. festiva, Dew., var. gracilis, Macoun, Cat. IV., 120, in part.
"Culm more or less prolonged (1 to 3 ft.), flat and weak, longer than the lax leaves; heads small and globular or oblong, dull dark brown, the spikes often somewhat distinct, very short; perigynium spreading, about the length of, or somewhat longer than, the ovate-lanceolate muticous brown scale." Cedar Hill, near Victoria; Nanaimo; and Mount Mark, near Qualicum, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Alaska. (Chamisso.)
Var. gracilis, Olney; Macoun, Cat. IV., 120.
In grassy thickets at Agassiz, B.C., May 10th, 18S9. (Macoun.)
(3192.) C. illota, Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, I., 15.
V. Bonplandii, Kunth? var. minor, Boott, Proc. Acad. Phila. (1863), 77. C. Bonplandii, var. angustifolia, W. Boott, Bot. Calif. II., 233. (1880.)
"Distinguished from small forms of C. festiva. Dew., as follows: - Very slender and usually tall (6 in. to 19 in.), the head very small and globular or short-oblong (1/3 in. or less in diameter); perigynium completely marginless, thick below, stipitate, nerved, entirely smooth on the edges, the cylindrical and scarcely-cut beak projecting beyond the obtuse or muticous dark brown scale. The perigynia arc considerably like those of the C. canescens group. This species stands midway between C. festiva and C. heleonastes." By little pools on the mountains north of Griffin Lake, B.C., at an altitude of 6000 feet, Aug. 1889. (Macoun.)
(2551.) C. synchnocephala, Carey; Macoun, Cat. IV., 121.
In damp spots on the flat land north of the Ferry, at Kamloops, B.C., June 22nd, 1889. (Macoun.)
(2554.) C. remota, Linn.; Macoun, Cat. IV, 122.
Professor Bailey writes me that this species is of Very doubtful occurrence in Canada, so we cancel it.
(3193.) C. Eleocharis, Bailey. Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, I., 6.
"One of the Vignea, perhaps allied to C. tenella, Schk.; very slender but stiff, half a loot high, both leaves and culm filiform and smooth; spikes two or three, each bearing from one to three flowers, closely aggregated into a very small and apparently monostachyous head, evidently staminate above; perigynium short-ovate, turgid, flat on the inner face, marginless and nerveless, dull brown, beak entire or nearly so, as long as or longer than the thin hyaline scale." Collected on the Saskatchewan Plains, near Fort Carleton, in August, 1872. Col. Olney named it C. glareosa, and under this name it was distributed. It has never been seen since, but often looked for. (Macoun.)
(2557.) C. canescens, Linn., var. polystachya, Boott; Rich. Jour., II., 344.
C. arcta, Boott; Macoun, Cat. IV., 124, in part.
Erect and mostly strict, not glaucous, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 feet high; leaves very lax and usually exceeding the culm; spikes oblong, green, more or less aggregated into a loose head, the lowest one or two subtended by a short and hyaline broad-based and pointed or caudate bract; perigynium more spreading than in the species.