Abundant in fresh and salt-water marshes and by rivers. Marsh at Truro, N.S. (Campbell.) Oyster Marsh, N.S. (McGill Coll Herb.) Pictou, N.S. (McKay.) Marshes at Annapolis, and Windsor, N.S., and Baddeck, Cape Breton. (Macoun & Burgess.) Marshes, especially near the coast, Kent Co., N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Salt Lake, Anticosti, and at the mouth of the Restigouche, Q. (Macoun.) Pentecost River, Q. (St.Cyr.) St. Remi, and Montreal Mountain, Q. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) River Trent, at Trenton, and Wel-lers Bay, Lake Ontario; not uncommon along the still waters of the Trent and Grull rivers, in central Ontario. (Macoun.) Moon River, Muskoka, and London, Ont. (Burgess.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) High Bluff, Man. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Moose Mountain Creek, Assiniboia. (J. M. Macoun.) Souris River, Man. (Millman.) Very abundant in marshes throughout Manitoba and north-westward to the Saskatchewan. (Macoun.) Red River prairie, Man., 1826. (Douglas.) Saskatchewan to Little Slave Lake. (Hooker, Fl.) Winnipeg, and Northwest Angle Road; east of the Souris River, Man. (Dawson.)
Very abundant in salt marshes throughout the whole prairie region. It is seldom tall, and is usually cut for hay. Old Wives Lakes, Red Deer Lakes, and the prairie south of Battleford. (Macoun.) Wood Mountain, Assiniboia. (Millman, Dawson.)
(2714.) S. juncea, Willd. Enum. I., 81.
Trachynotia juncea, Michx., Fl. I., 64. Limnetis juncea, Pers.; Pursh, Fl. I., 59.
Salt marshes at Pictou, N.S. (McKay.) Salt marshes, Kouchibou-guac, and Richibucto, N B. (Fowler, Cat.) Marshes, Yarmouth, N.S. (Macoun.) Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Margaret's Bay, N.S. (Millman, Herb.) Salt marshes, Bic, Q. (Pringle.)
(2715.) S. polystachya, Willd.; Hook., Fl. II., 242, in part.
Canada. (Hooker, Fl.) Magdalen Islands, KS. (McKay.) We strongly suspect that these references belong to S. cynosuroides. The remark in Gray's Manual that S. cynosuroides is only a fresh-water species, is not borne out by the facts, as all my eastern specimens were gathered in brackish marshes, and certainly the awn and other distinctive characters were just as well marked as in the specimens from the Great Lakes.
(2716.) S. Stricta, Both. var. glabra, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 628
Salt marshes, Baddeck, Cape Breton. (Burgess.) Marshes, Pictou, N.S. (McKay.)
Tar. alterniflora, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 620.
Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Pictou, N.S. (McKay.) Salt marshes, Richibucto, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Salt marsh, nearly at low tide, Ellis Bay, Anticosti. (Macoun.) Margaret's Bay, N.S. (Millman, Herb.) Salt marsh, Lower St. Lawrence. ( Pringle.) Cacouna, Q. (Burgess, Herb.)