(415.) P. marchica, Brid.
Wet springy places, Oak Hills, Hastings Co., and in a ditch at Murray Town Hall, Northumberland Co., Ont.; not uncommon in mud and gravel along small rills and about springs around Victoria, Nanaimo and Nanaimo River, Vancouver Island; also by a little brook at Hastings, Burrard Inlet; and on the bank of the Columbia River at Revelstoke, B.C. (Macoun.)
(416.) P. fontana, Brid.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 209; Canadian Musci, No. 153.
Pictou Co., N.S. (McKay.) Vicinity of New Harbor, Bay Bull Arm and Blaketown, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Springy places; Molus River, Kent Co., also at Fredericton, N. B. (Fowler's Cat.) Moist places, Tobique River, N.B. (Hay.) Very common at Canaan Forks and Tay, N.B. (J. Moser.) On wet rocks, Cap Rouge, Que. (St. Cyr.) Miquelon Island. (DelÓmare.) In springs and by brooks and on wet rocks across the continent. At Truro and Straits of Canso, N.S.; bogs Tignish, Prince Edward Island; common on the GaspÚ coast, Que.
at Ottawa and Lake Nipissing and on Gull Lake, Frontenac Co., Ont.; abundant at Lakes Superior and Nepigon and westward; at Hector, Rocky Mountains; Columbia Valley at Donald, and at the Asulcan Glacier, Selkirk Mountains; abundant at Revelstoke, on the Columbia River; in the Eagle Pass; at Quesnel on the Fraser; Hastings, and New Westminster, B.C.; abundant on Mount Benson and at Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Moist rocks, Crow's Nest Pass, Rocky Mountains and on the mountains at Adam's Lake, B.C.; alt. 5,000 feet. (Dawson.) On Mount Queest, Gold Range, B.C.; alt. 6,000 feet; Ounalaska, Behring Sea. 1891. (J. M. Macoun.) In springy wet places; common. (Drummond.) Rocky Mountains. (Bourgeau.) Chilwkweyuk, B.C. (Lyall.) Greenland. (Fl. Gr.)
Var. brachyphylla, Kindb. (n. var.)
In bogs, Brackley Point, Prince Edward Island. June 28th, 1888. (Macoun.)
Var. serrata, Kindb. (n. var.)
Swamps in Roger's Pass, Selkirk Mountains. August 24th, 1885. (Macoun.) In boggy soil at Ounalaska and Atkah islands, Behring Sea, 1891. (J. M. Macoun.)
Var. microblasta, C. M. & Kindb. (n. var.)
Male flowers very small, brown; perigonial leaves all acute, strongly costate.
On damp earth along the railway track, Roger's Pass, Selkirk Mountains, B.C,, 30th July, 1890. (Macoun.)
Var. Columbia, Kindb. (n. var.)
Lower leaves narrow; costa long-excurrent, perigonial leaves acute, or subacute.
On wet rocks below the Illicillewaet Canon, at Revelstoke, B.C., May 18th, 1890. (Macoun.)
(417.) P. glabriuscuia, Kindb. (n. sp.); Canadian Musci, No, 578.
Weberafontana, Kindb., Ott, Nat. Vol. IV. 62.
Tufts radiculose below, 4 cm. high. Stem slender. Leaves small, green, distant, spreading and straight when moist, indistinctly decur-rent, short ovate-lanceolate, short-acuminate, acute, slightly papillose, pellucid, plane at the margins, not plicate, minutely serrulate principally above; cells oblong-hexagonal, the lower narrower, less chloro-phyllose, costa subpercurrent. Habit of Webera albicans. Barren.
By springs in a gully, Canaan Forks, Queen's Co., N.B. January 2nd, 1890. (J. Moser.)
415. P. marchica (Willd.) Brid.
In Part VI., on page 106, P. Macounii was placed as a synonym under this species. Later investigations have shown that the western specimens are really distinct from the eastern and are as they were first placed under P. Macounii.
In a railway ditch above Leamington, Ont., 1901. (Macoun.)
416. P. fontana, Brid.
On Smoky Mountain and at Margaree, Cape Breton Island, N.S., 1898; springs by Dow's swamp, Ottawa, Ont., and in the beaver meadow, Hull, Que., 1900; in damp woods by Drum-mond's Island, Niagara Falls, Ont., May, 1900. (Macoun.) St. Paul Island, Behring Sea. (Dr. Merriam.) Near the snow line, above the Basin, Juneau, Alaska. (Miss G. Cooley.) Rather common about Lake Lindeman and Lake Bennett, Yukon, 1899. (Williams)
Subsp. seriata, Mitten.
On earth, Gold Creek Canon, near Juneau, Alaska. (Miss G. Cooley)
1041. P, Macounii, Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 208.
Wet places near Victoria, Vancouver Island, May 9th, 1875 type station); wet rocks, Nanaimo, V.I., June 6th, 1887; on wet earth, Hastings, B.C., April 13th, 1889; wet earth at Revelstoke, B.C., May 9th, 1890. (Macoun.) Juneau, alt. 3,000 feet; also a doubtful specimen from Gold Creek Canon, near Juneau, Alaska. (Miss G. Cooley.)
1042. p. Muhlenbergii, Brid.; Lesq, &. James., Mosses of N. America, 208.
On earth by a brook at Woodstock, N.B., July 4th, 1899. (Macoun.)
1043. p. Arnellii, Husnot.
On wet rocks, Greenland. (Wenck.)
1044. p. Vancouverensis, Kindb., Bryol. N. Am. & Eur. 326.
Leaves long-subulate; perigonial, patent, erect, broadly ovate-lanceolate, acute, nearly nerveless.
On wet earth at Yale, B.C., May 17th, 1889; on wet rocks along the Nanaimo River, April 26th, 1887. (Macoun.) Nagai Island, Alaska, Sept. 18th, 1892. (J. M. Macoun.)
1045. P. caespitosa, Wilson.
In swamps, Greenland. (Lange.)
1046. P. alpicola, Juratzka.
On wet ground, Greenland. (Vanhoeffen.) In Newfoundland. (Wag horne.)
1047. P. acutiflora, Kindb., Hedwigia, 1896, p. 77.
Leaves not serrate and not falcate, recurved to or above the middle, with double mamillae, generally appressed when dry, smaller than in P. calcarea. Perigonial leaves horizontally spreading. Tufts no high; fruiting stem very low.
On damp earth, Roger's Pass, Selkirk Mountains, B.C., July 30th, 1890; in damp meadows, Pier's farm, Victoria, Vancouver Island, May 8th, 1893. (Macoun.) On damp earth, Chilliwack River, B.C., 1901. (J.M. Macoun.)
1048. p. adpressa, Fergusson.
Wet places, Greenland. (Vanhoeffen.)
1049. P. radicalis, Beauvois.
Bartramia radicalis, Beauv.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 206.
On rocks in a ravine at Goldstream, and on the shore of Shaw-nagin Lake, near Victoria, Vancouver Island, 1893. (Macoun.)
1050. P. pumila, Kindb., Bryol. N. Am. & Eur., 328.
Leaves erect, smaller and narrower than in P. rigida; costa scarcely excurrent. Tufts about 1 cm. high.
In ditches near the paper mill, Belleville, Hastings Co., Ont. (Macoun.)