A. canina, Linn., var. (?) tenella, Torr. Bot. N. York II., 443. Brigus, Newfoundland. (R. Bell.) Molus River, Kent Co., N.B.; in dry barrens. (Fowler, Cat.) Sandy beach, Mingan River, Q. (St. Cyr.) Crevices of rocks, Rivière Ste. Anne des Monts; and summit of Mount Albert, Gaspé, Q. (Macoun.) Ounalashka, 1885. (Mr. S. Applegate.)
Var. paleata, Vasey, (MS.) N. Var.
Abundant in meadows at Cedar Hill, near Victoria, Vancouver Island, 1887. (Macoun.) This is a fine grass and seems to be valuable both as a pasture and meadow grass. A variety of A. canina was gathered at Sitka a few years since by Mr. Meehan, which may be this form.
(2764.) A. exarata, Trim; Hook., Fl. II., 239.
A. albicans, Buckl. Proced. Acad. Philad. 91, (1862.) Polypogon alopecuroides, Buckl. 1. c. 88. A very valuable grass in low grounds and meadows on the Pacific coast. Rather common in the valley of Beaver Creek, Selkirk Mountains, B.C. (Macoun.) Blunden Harbor, Vancouver Island, and north point of Texada Island, Gulf of Georgia; Queen Charlotte Islands. (Dawson.) The usual form is quite common in meadows everywhere on-Vancouver Island, and with it an awnless variety, while the coarse Alaskan form is found in ditches and cold, wet places. (Macoun.) Ounalashka, and Sitka. (Rothr. Alask.) Sitka, Alaska. (Meehan.) Ounalashka, 1885. (Mr. S. Applegate.)
(2705.) A. geminata, Tern.
Oregon to Alaska. (Vasey.) Ounalashka. (Rothr. Alask.)
(2166.) A. microphylla, Steud.; Torr. Pacif. R. Rep. IV., 154.
A. exarata, var. Watson, Bot. King's Exp. V, 377. North point of Texada Island, Gulf of Georgia. (Dawson.) Abundant in exsicated places at Victoria, Oak Bay, Cedar Hill, Nanaimo, and Qualicum, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Cadboro Bay, near Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.)
(2767.) A. oreophila, Trin.
On an exposed point of rocks, a few hundred yards east of South West Point Lighthouse, Anticosti, August 17, 1883. The specimens are doubtfully referred here by Dr. Vasey, our highest authority on grasses in Ameriea. Dr. Gray in his Manual, page 611, seems to refer this to A. scabra, but it cannot be that species as this is perennial (Macoun.)
(2768.) A. perennans, Tuck; Gray, Man. Ed. V., 611.
A. laxiflora, Rich,; Hook., Fl. II., 240.
Cornucopiae perennans, Walt. Fl. Car. 74. Open grassy woods, apparently rare. Grand Vallèe, Gaspé, Q. (Macoun.) Woods near Hull, Q.; and other places near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Sandy banks of the Rivière Rouge, Argenteuil Co., Q (D'Urban.) In grassy woods east of Belleville, Ont. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Rocky woods, Kingston, Ont. (Millman.)
(2769.) A. scabra, Willd. Sp. I., 370.
A. laxiflora, Rich.; Hook., Fl. II., 240, in part. A. Michauxii, Trin.; Gray, Gram. & Cyp. L, 17. Trichodium laxifolium, Michx., Fl. I., 42; Pursh, Fl. L, 61. T. scabrum, Muhl. Gram. 61. A common grass on exsicated places on hills and mountains, and along rivers and lakes, widely spread and variable; apparently biennial. Newfoundland. (Reeks.) Halifax Co., N.S. (Sommers, Cat.) Common at Truro, and Halifax, N.S. (Macoun.) Common throughout New Brunswick. (Fowler, Cat.) Thunder River, Q. (St. Cyr.) South West Point, and Jupiter River, Anticosti, and along the Gaspé coast, and at Levis, Q. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Tadousac, Q. (A, T. Drummond.) Abundant at Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Very abundant in its usual haunts throughout the whole of northern and central Ontario (Macoun.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) On an old road, Mamainse, Lake Superior. (R. Bell.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Manitoulin Island, Georgian Bay. (Mrs. Saunders.) Sandy and wet places, London, Ont. (Burgess. Millman.) Saugeen, Lake Huron; Parry Sound, Georgian Bay; Lake of the Woods. (Burgess.) Oba Lake, Ont.; Nelson and Hayes rivers, Keewatin. (R. Bell.) Lake Mistassini, N.E.T.; Severn River, Keewatin; South Twin Island, James Bay; Washow Bay, Lake Winnipeg; and Souris Plain, Man. (J. M. Macoun.) Common at the Lake of the Woods; Milk River Ridge, Alberta; Elk River, Kootanie Valley, Rocky Mountains; Ilgacho Brook, B.C.; and Lake Lindeman, lat. 60°, B.C. (Dawson.) Very abundant along all the rivers in the prairie region, and northward to Lake Athabasca; very . common in suitable places, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Ounalashka. (Rothr. Alask.) Red River, Man. 1827. (Douglas.)
(2770.) A. varians, Trim, Agrost. II., 68.
A. exarata, var. ß. minor, Hook., Fl. II., 239.
A. canina, var. meloleuca. Bong.; Hook., Fl. II., 240. (?)
A. Drummondii, Torrey, Ms. (vide Hooker.)
Valleys of the Rocky Mountains, on the east and west sides of the dividing ridge. (Hooker, Fl.) Trinius founded the species on specimens collected by either Douglas or Drummond on the Athabasca Pass, in the Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.) Queen Charlotte Islands, 1878. (Dawson.) Sitka. (Hooker, Fl.) Greenland. (Lange.)
(2771.) A. verticillata, Vill. Delph. II., 74.
Vilfa stolonifera, Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beechy, 161. (?) Apparently introduced at Victoria and Nanaimo, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)
(2772.) A. vulgaris, With.; Hook., Fl. II., 239; Pursh, Fl. I., 63.
A. polymorpha, Trin., var. a. Diss. I., 202. A. hispida, Willd. Sp. I., 370.
Very abundant in pastures and meadows throughout the whole
Dominion of Canada. In the eastern provinces there are both the introduced and indigenous forms, but westward in the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, especially on Vancouver Island, the indigenous variety is the predominant or only one.
Tar. alba, Vasey, Cat. Grasses, U. S. 47, (1885.)
A. alba, Linn.; Pursh, Fl. I., 64; Hook., Fl. II., 239. A. decumbens, Muhl. Gram. 68.
Naturalized in pastures and wet meadows, especially eastward. This and the preceding are invaluable for pasture and permanent meadow land, and are the Red Top and Herd's Grass of the agriculturalists. Greenland. (Lange.)