(2929.) A. caninum, Reich. Icon. Fl. Germ. 119.
Triticum caninum, Schreb.; Hook., Fl. II., 254; Macoun, Cat. No. 2220. Bather rare on gravel banks eastward; abundant in the northern prairie region. On intervales, Coal Branch, Kent Co., N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Environs of Quebec; rocky bank of Madeline River, Gasp Q. (St. Cyr.) Mount Albert, Gaspé, Q. (Porter.) Banks of the Moira, at Belleville; rocky banks, Shannonville, Hastings Co.; on the Trent, above Trenton, Ont.; woods, Niagara Falls. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) London, Ont.; and Saugeen, Lake Huron. (Burgess.) Kaministiqua River, west of Lake Superior; very abundant from Winnipeg westward to Edmonton, on the Saskatchewan; common from Calgary through the Rocky Mountains to the Columbia Valley. (Macoun.) Sand Creek, Kootanie Valley, Rocky Mountains; Nicola, and Kamloops, B.C. (Dawson.) Lake Winnipeg to the Sas-katckewan. (Hooker, Fl.) Emerson, and Brandon, Man, and Shuswap Lake, B.C. (Prof. Fowler.)
(2930.) A. dasystachyum, Vasey, Cat. Grasses U. S. 96, (1885.)
Triticum dasystachyum, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 638.
T. repens, var. dasystachyum, Hook., Fl. II, 254. Sandy shore of Lake Huron, at Saugeen, Ont. (Burgess.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) West coast of Lake Superior; western Manitoba, Long Lake, Old Wives Lakes, River That Turns, Fort Pitt, and throughout the northern prairie region to Edmonton; from Calgary westward to Castle Mountain, Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.) Souris Plain, Man. (J. M. Macoun.) Echmanish River, Keewatin; and Nelson River, near York Factory, Hudson Bay. (B. Bell.)
(2931.) A. divergens, Nees.; Vasey, Cat. Grasses U. S. 96, (1885.)
Triticum strigosum, Less.; Macoun, Cat. No. 2221. Bunch grass of British Columbia, and the drier parts of the Rocky Mountains. Common on the dry slopes of the mountains along the Bow River, from Morley westward to Banff; on dry slopes of the Thompson and Fraser rivers, B.C. (Macoun.) Abundant on the higher slopes at Lytton, B.C. (Fletcher.) North Point of Texada Island, Gulf of Georgia, B.C. (Dawson.) An awnless variety is found in great profusion on the gravel ridges at the mouth of the Kicking Horse River, Columbia Valley.
Var. tenue, Vasey, Cat. Grasses U. S. 96, (1885.)
Triticum aegilopiodes, Turcz.; Gray, Proced. Acad. Phil., 79 (1363). T. caninum, var. ß., Hook. Fl. II., 255.
On dry slopes in Bow River valley, near Old Bow Fort, and westward mixed with the species. (Macoun.)
(2932.) A. glaucum, E. & S., var. occidentale, V. & S.
Triticum repens, Linn., var. glaucum, Vasey.
Very abundant in the prairie region, and westward to the Fraser River. Souris Plain, Man. (J. M. Macoun.) Bank of Souris River, Assiniboia. (Burgess.) Red River, Man., 1827 (Douglas.) Long Lake, Red Deer Lakes, and south of Battleford; rather common from Calgary westward on dry benches through the Rocky Mountains to Hector. (Macoun.) Near Wild Horse Creek, Kootanie Valley, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) A form between this species and A. divergens is abundant along the Thompson River, near Lytton, B.C. (Macoun.) Very variable, and extending from the Saskatchewan to the Arctic sea. (Hooker, Fl.) Kotzebue Sound. (Rothr. Alask.)
This is one of the finest grasses on the prairie for hay or pasture. It seems to prefer saline and damp soil, and does not grow in bunches but singly. There are numerous forms of this which are generally referred to the next, but which I include here. Sir John Richardson seems to have found the species all the way to the Arctic sea.
(2933.) A. repens, Beauv.; Vasey, Cat. Grasses U. S. 96, (1885.)
Triticum repens, Linn.; Macoun, Cat. No. 2217. We include all our indigenous forms under A. glaucum, and under this place the notices of the introduced plant, which is a vile weed in many parts of the old settlements. Reported from Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario, and even from Vancouver Island, on the Pacific coast.
(2934.) A. tenerum, Vasey, Coult. Bot. Gaz. X., 259.
Lake Mistassini, N.E.T.; and Severn River, Keewatin. (J. M. Macoun.) Speke's Point, Lake Nipigon; abundant on prairies from Winnipeg westward to the Touchwood Hills, and Edmonton, N. W. T. (Macoun.) Pine River Pass, lat. 55°, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) Brandon, and Emerson, Man. (Prof. Fowler.) Red River, Man., 1827. (Douglas.) Quite common on dry slopes and in meadows westward from Calgary through the Rocky Mountains to the Columbia Valley; a peculiar form is not uncommon on Vancouver Island, at Goldstream, and Nanaimo. (Macoun.)
(2935.) A. violaceum, Lange; vasey, Cat. Grasses U.S. 97, (1885.)
Triticum violaceum, Hornern.; Macoun, Cat. No. 2219. On the summit of Mount Albert, Gaspé, Q. (Porter.) Touchwood Hills, Long Lake, Assiniboia, and westward to Edmonton; rather common in the Bow .River valley, from Calgary westward to Kicking Horse Lake, in the Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.) Lake Lindeman, lat. 59° 40'; Pelly Banks, lat. 62°; and Lewes River, lat. 61°, N.W.T. (Dawson.) Fort Conger, Grinnell Land, lat. 81°, 44'. (Lieut. Greely.) Greenland. (Lange.)