Shady woods; at the roots of trees. (Drummond.) Forms large patches among the roots of trees in woods, N.B. (Fowler's Cat.) Canaan Forks and Tay, N.B. (J. Moser.) New Harbor and Broad Cove, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Shaded places, lake region, and at Tobique River, N.B. (Hay.) Common in Pictou Co., N.S. (McKay.) In woods, Levis Co., Que. (St. Gyr.) Miquelon Island. (DelÓmare.) Very abundant on earth nearly across the continent. Brackley Point, Prince Edward Island; at Truro, N.S.; on Montreal Mountain, Que.; common at Ottawa, Belleville, Owen Sound and other parts of Ontario; Lake Nepigon and Lake Nipissing, Ont.; Swan Lake House, Man.; Revelstoke, Eagle Pass, Quesnel and Agassiz, B.C. (Macoun.) Athabasca River, N.W.T. (J. M. Macoun.) Vicinity of Kingston, Ont. (Prof. Fowler.) Saskatchewan River. (Bourgeau.) A common species at London, Ont. (J. Dearness.)
Var. tenellum, Kindb. (n. var.)
Differs in all parts being smaller.
On earth in woods at Rustico Bay, Prince Edward Island, July 3rd, 1888. (Macoun.)
(529.) M. venustum, Mitt.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 242; Canadian Musci, No. 190.
if. Nevii, C. Muell.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 242.
Vancouver Island. (Lyall.) Crevices of rocks at the mouth of Pass Creek, Columbia River; also on logs at Hastings, B.C.; very common on rocks, Blackwater River, B.C.; crevices of rocks, around Victoria, Cedar Hill and Goldstream, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)
(530.) M. macrociliare, C. M. & Kindb. (n. sp.)
Bisexual. Loosely tufted. Stem densely foliate, sometimes stolon-ifeious. Leaves green or bright green, subdistichous not decur-rent, pale margined, simply or doubly dentate-ciliate, subobovate; the perichetial smaller and narrower; costa always excurrent. Capsule single (or 2-clustered), oblong, inclined or pendent; lid pale, conic, red-margined, short-rostrate; teeth yellow; pedicel purplish below, yellow above.
This fine species is allied to Mnium venustum Mitt. (Mnium Nevii, C. M.), but differing principally in the less densely foliate not clavate stems.
On rocks by a mountain brook along the Columbia River, above Revelstoke, B.C., May 14th, 1890; on earth in damp woods near Wooler, Northumberland Co., Ont. (Macoun.)
(531.) M. Drummondii, Bruch & Schimp.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 243; Canadian Musci, No. 191.
Pictou Co., N.S. (McKay.) In large patches on the ground in shady places, New Brunswick. (Fowler's Cat.) Tay,York Co., N.B. (J.Moser.) Along River Rouge, Argenteuil Co., Que. (D' Urban.) In damp woods around' Ottawa; also at Belleville, and North Bay Lake Nipissing, Ont.; in cool woods, Swan Lake House, Swan Lake, Man.; in woods at Morley, Rocky Mountains , abundant at Revelstoke on the Columbia, also at Quesnel on the Fraser, and at McLeod's Lake, B.C. (Macoun.)
(532.) M. rostratum, Schwaegr; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 243; Canadian Musci, No. 192.
On stones in Beaver Creek, Hastings Road Crossing, Hastings Co., Ont.; damp limestone rocks at Owen Sound, Ont.; in the spray of Kakabeka Falls, west of Port Arthur, Lake Superior; near McLeod's Lake, lat. 55°; on stones along a brook one mile north of Revelstoke, B.C. (Macoun.) On rocks, North Thompson River, B.C. (J. M.
Macoun) Smith's Sound, between lat. 78°-82°. (Dr. Hayes.) New Harbor, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.)
(533.) M - medium, Bruch & Schimp.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 243.
Pend d'Oreille and Pack rivers, and Cascade Mountains. B.C. (Lyall.) Damp shaded ravines, Bass River, N.B. (Fowler's Cat.)
(534.) M. affine, Bland.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of 1ST. America, 244; Canadian Musci, No. 193.
Bryum affine, Drumm. Musc. Bor. - Am., No. 256.
Miquelon Island. (DelÓmare.) Harbor Breton, Forteau Bay, Newfoundland. (Rev. A. Waghorne.) Pictou Co., N.S. (McKay.) Damp shaded bank of a brook at Bass River, also at Fredericton, N.B. (Fowler's Cat.) Tay, York Co., N.B. (J. Moser.) Mansfield Island, Hudson Strait. (R. Bell.) On earth in a brook at Whycocogmah, Cape Breton; by a brook, GaspÚ Co., Que.; quite common in swamps and springs throughout Ontario, at Ottawa, Belleville and Owen Sound; in swamps at Swan Lake House, Swan Lake, Man.; in a bog in Eagle Pass, west of Revelstoke, and at Sicamousand McLeod's Lake, B.C. (Macoun.) Wet place at Observation Point, Lake Winnipeg. (/. M. Macoun.) On earth along the River'Rouge, Argenteuil Co., Que. (D'Urban.) Shady moist places. (Drummond.) Gananoque, near Kingston, Ont. (Prof. Fowler.) Common at London, Ont. (J. Dearness.) Sitka. (Roth. Alask.) Greenland. (Rosenvinge.)
(535.) M. rugicum, Laur.
Differs from M. affine principally in the nearly entire leaves, the upper not larger nor crowded.
Quite common in Dow's swamp, near Ottawa, Ont. (Macoun.) Smith's Sound, between lat. 78°--82°. (Br. Hayes.)
(536.) M. insigne, Mitt.; Lesq. & James, Mosses of N. America, 244; Canadian Musci, No. 194.
Vancouver Island. (Wood, Lyall.) British Columbia. (Lyall.) On earth, in woods at Belleville, Ont.; in a bog, Eagle Pass, Gold Range, B.C.; also on earth at Blackwater River, and on logs at Hastings, B.C.; very abundant at Cedar Hill and Comox, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Wet places, Melaspina Inlet, B.C. (Dawson.)
Var. intermedium, Kindb. (n. var.)
Mnium medium, * robustum, Kindb. Torr. Bot. Club, XVII., 274.
Agrees with Mnium insigne in the leaves being long-decurrent, long-dentate, cells hexagonal-rotundate, etc.; differs in the inflorescence. Synoecious.
The true Mnium medium (from the alps of Norway) has a very short stem, about 1 cm. long, the leaves crowded, short-dentate, and not decurrent.
On earth at Hunter's River, Prince Edward Island; wet rocks, New Westminster, B.C.; abundant in damp woods near Cedar Hill Church, Victoria, Vancouver Island, April 17th, 1887. (Macoun.)