Var. fasciculiflorus, Boiss.; Engelm. Mon. Junc, 451.
Apparently rare or overlooked. Muddy places at Belleville, Ont., 1870; in abundance on King's Farm, Cedar Hill, near Victoria, Vancouver Island, 1887. Easily distinguished from the species by the flowers gathered in fascicles instead of being single on the branches as in the species.
(2375.) J. falcatus, E. Meyer. Synops. Luzul. 34. J. Menziessi, R. Br.; Hook., Fl. II., 192.
Very abundant on the grassy margins of lakes; amongst gravel in many parts of Vancouver Island. Shawnigan Lake; various places at Nanaimo, Qualicum and Alberni; also at Home and Cameron lakes. (Macoun.) Nimpkish Lake, north end of Vancouver Island. (Dawson.) Ounalashka, and Sitka. (Rothr. Alask.) North West coast. (Hooker, Fl.)
(2376.) J. longistylis, Torrey, Bot. Mex. Bound., 323.
J. Menziesii, Gray, PL, Hall & Harb., 77. Abundant on many parts of the prairie region. Rather common at Windsor on the Detroit River, 1885. (Macoun.) First Branch of Milk River, 49th parallel. (Dawson.) Maple Creek, Alberta. (J. M. Macoun.) Frequent in damp grassy thickets from Winnipeg to Edmonton and south to the Cypress Hills and Calgary, from thence up the Bow River to Laggan, in the centre of the Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.)
(2377.) J. marginatus, Rostk. var. paucicapitatus, Engelm.,. Mon. June, 455.
The only locality for this species known to us is Elliott's Falls, Gull River, Victoria Co., Ont., 1868. (Macoun.) Engelmann in "Normal Herbarium" credits his No. 34 to Canada West, on the authority of Bigelow.
(2378.) J. pelocarpus, E. Meyer. Synops. Luzul. 30.
J. Conradi, Gray, Man. Ed. II., 482. J. acutiflorus, Hook., Fl. II., 190.
In wet sand along rivers or lakes, apparently rare. From Newfoundland westward to Lake Superior. (Engelmann.) Bocabec, and Quaco, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) On the bank of the Ottawa, above Britannia, near Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl Ott.) On the shores of lakes and small streams in North Hastings and Addington Co's., Ont. (Macoun.) Wet gravelly shore, Lake Joseph, Muskoka Co, Ont. (Burgess.)
Var. γ (?) subtilis, Engelm., Mon. Junc, 456.
J.fluitans, Michx., Fl. I., 191.
J. uliginosus, ß. subtilis, Hook., Fl. II., 191. Chicoutimi, about 100 miles north of Quebec. (Michaux.) The above locality was given to I)r. Engelman by Prof. Ovide Brunet, of Laval University, Quebec. Both are now dead.
(2379.) J. articulatus, Linn.; Engelm., Mon. Junc, 458.
Engelmann states that this species, as far as he is aware, is confined to the New England States, and that the next species takes its place to the northward and westward. Wet ditch at Windsor, N.S., and at North Sydney, Cape Breton. (Macoun & Burgess.) Hampton, Petit-codiac, Baie Verte, and Clifton, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Fox River,. Gaspé coast. (Macoun.)
(2380.) J. alpinus, Villars., var. insignis, Fries.
J. Richardsonianus Roem. & Sohult.; Hook. Fl. II., 191.
J. acutiflorus, Hook., Fl. II., 190.
J. pelocarpus, Gray, Man. Ed. I., 507, in part.
J. articulatus, var. pelocarpus, Gray, Man. Ed. II., 482, in part.
J. uliginosus, var. minor, Hook., Fl. II., 191.
Very abundant by lake and river margins, in sand or gravel. Very often in the water, and sometimes floating or reclining or rooting in the mud. On sand, Liscomb River, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Faribault.) Magdalen Islands, N.S. (J. Richardson.) Truro, N.S.; South West Point, Salt Lake, and Jupiter River, Anticosti; River Ste. Anne des Monts, Gaspé, Q. (Macoun) Island of Orleans. (St. Cyr.) Abundant on sandy banks of the River Rouge, Argenteuil Co., Q. (D'Urban.) Muddy or gravelly places along the Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Ditches and boggy places, at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Common in wet sandy places along the Great Lakes and throughout central Ontario. (Macoun.) Wet gravelly shore, Parry Sound, Georgian Bay; at Southampton, Ont.; Pointaux Pins, Lake Erie. (Burgess.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Buchan.) Very abundant along all the water courses and fresh water lakes in the prairie region, and extending north to the Peace River and Athabasca; specimens from Thunder Creek, Cypress Hills, Bow River at Calgary; Kananaskis, Castle Mountain and Kicking Horse Lake, in the Rocky Mountains; abundant on the borders of Home, Cameron and Shawnigan lakes, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Wooded country to the Mackenzie River; Arctic sea-coast, and from Slave Lake to the Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.) Two remarkable forms of this species have been gathered on Vancouver Island. A form floating on mud in a small lake at the Wellington Mine, Departure Bay, exactly matches specimens received from the British Museum without a name, gathered by Barclay at Port Etches, Alaska. The other is a tall, less compact form than the species, with longer scales, and in most cases two or more viviparous flowers in the heads. The latter was collected at Home Lake, July 27, 1887.
(2381.) J. militaris, Bigelow, Fl. Bost. Ed. II. 139, (1824.)
Apparently very rare in the Maritime Provinces. Wet places, Caledonia, Guysboro Co., N.S. (Faribault.) Near St. Stephen, N.B. ( Vroom.)
(2382.) J. acuminatus, Michx., var. α. legitimus, Engelm., Mon. Junc, 463.
J. acuminatus, Michx., Fl. I., 192.
J. paradoxus, E. Meyer.; Gray, Man. Ed. II., 481.
J.fraternus, Kunth. Enum. III., 332.
We have no authentic specimens of this species except from the shores of Lake Erie, at Pelee Point, and from Essex Centre, on the Canada Southern Railway, 1882. (Macoun.)
(2383.) J. nodosus, var. α. genuinus, Engelm.,Mon. June, 471.
J. nodosus, Linn; Gray, Man. Ed. II., 482; Macoun, Cat. No. 1898. J. polycephalus, var.ß. tenuifolius, Hook., Fl. II., 190. J. Rostkovii, La Harpe, Mon. Junc, 133. J. echmatus, Muhl. Rich., App. p. 11.
Quite common in many localities, ranging from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Wet sandy bottom, at Whycocomagh, Cape Breton. (Macoun.) Restigouche, Campbellton, Andover, Salmon River, Green River and Upper St. John, N. B. (Fowler, Cat.) Salt Lake, Anticosti, and at Fox River, Gaspé coast. (Macoun.) St. Charles River, Q. (St. Cyr.) Vicinity of Ottawa. (Fletcher, Fl. Ott.) Common at Prescott, Ont. (Billings.) Border of Salmon River, near Shannonville, Hastings Co., Ont.; in small brooks, Victoria Co., and at Owen Sound, Ont. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Buchan.) Wet river flat, London, and at Southampton, Ont. (Burgess.) La Cloche Island, Georgian Bay. (R. Bell.) North shore of Lake Superior. (Agassiz.) Shores of Thunder Bay, Lake Superior, and on the shore of Lake Nipigon, at Humboldt Bay. (Macoun.) Elk Island, Lake Winnipeg. (J.M. Macoun.) Rather common in the bed of the Saskatchewan and its branches; not detected in the Rocky Mountains, and only sparingly at Donald, in the Columbia Valley. (Macoun.) Along the Thompson River, at Spence's Bridge, B.C. (Fletcher.) Canada to Bear Lake. (Hooker, Fl.)