This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
united around the stem.
a process connecting the cells of the anthers with the filament.
leathery in texture.
a fleshy, solid, bulb-like base of a stem.
a whorl within the calyx, enclosing the stamens and stigma, made up of petals.
the ground tissue enclosing the vascular tissue in a stem.
a raceme in which the upper peduncles are shortened to form a flat-topped inflorescence.
plants having a universal distribution.
with rounded teeth, scalloped.
with small rounded teeth.
when pollen from the anthers of one flower is carried to the stigma of another, fertilization following.
the transfer of pollen from one flower to another.
arranged like a cross in opposite pairs.
the jointed hollow stems of Grasses, etc. Cuneate, wedge-shaped.
the bract-like cup enclosing a nut, e.g. an acorn.
a centrifugal inflorescence; the terminal flower is overtopped by lateral branches.
of leaves, falling off, not evergreen, or of flowers when petals drop.
prostrate, but ascending at the extremity.
when the blade of a leaf runs down the stem below the point of attachment.
when opposite pairs of leaves are alternately at right angles.
turned down or backwards.
the manner in which a fruit splits up or opens.
apparently native, but likely to have been introduced by human agency.
toothed, the teeth short, triangular.
when anthers and stigma mature at different times.
unisexual, the sexes on different plants, as in Willows.
(1) the central part of a capitulum; (2) the flattened part of the receptacle, bearing corolla, stamens, and carpels, e.g. in Acer.
septum in an ovary.
in two opposite rows.
spreading at an obtuse angle.
the angle between the insertion of successive leaves on the stem.
deeply cut. Dominant, a species forming the strongest feature in a botanical association.
I-celled succulent fruit with a hard stone which encloses a seed or kernel.
a tube formed by fusion or division of cells, a canal made of cells without division.
the study of plants in their natural habitats, their association, and relation to the environment.
with a notch at the extremity.
the young plant enclosed in the seed.
the large cell containing the ovum, and the embryo in the ovule.
confined to a certain district or station.
living within the tissue of another plant.
pollinated by insect agency.
flowers that open for a few hours, or plants that produce several generations in one season.
growing above ground.
seated on the ovary.
plants that grow on others but do not draw nourishment from them; i.e. not as parasites.
growing on heaths.
projecting beyond a corolla.
when anthers open outwards, away from the centre.
when several stems are abnormally fused together.
clustered in bundles.
with parallel ascending branches.
covered with a soft felt.
fusion of the male gamete with the egg-cell; in Angiosperms follows on pollination, and is carried out by the agency of the pollen-tube.
the stalk of an anther.
with a fringe of fine teeth.
the aggregate constituent plants of a particular region.
a small flower borne in clusters or singly.
all the modified leaf-like processes which together combine to cause the reproduction of the plant, by the production of seeds from spores (or pollen-grains and embryo-sacs).
the outer scale of a flower in Grasses, usually bearing an awn.
a one-celled carpel, opening only down the ventral suture, and containing numerous small seeds.
the seed-vessel, with seeds, and protective envelopes.
an excrescence caused on stems and leaves, etc, by the laying of an insect's egg within the tissue, causing irritation, and producing in each species a characteristic growth, rendering it possible to indicate the gall insect from the gall formed.
a growth-curvature induced by gravity.
the growth of an embryo into a seedling.
swollen at one part or another.