This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
thin, dry, semi-transparent, or not green.
a fruit splitting up into several one-seeded divisions.
term applied to xerophytic bush-land.
when a cyme is curved like a crozier.
a formation of stunted growth.
turned to one side.
the fertilized and ripened ovule.
the embryo after germination.
a division of the calyx.
with segments like the teeth of a saw. Sessile, without stalk or pedicel.
plants that dislike too much light.
the portions of a plant differentiated into stem and leaves, etc. Silicule, a short pod in Cruciferae.
a long pod in Cruciferae.
one which, owing to the contraction of certain tissues, hurls the seeds when mature from the fruit.
a thin underground creeping stem with roots and buds at intervals.
a succulent fleshy spike with close sessile flowers.
a large bract enclosing a spadix.
a simple elongate axis bearing sessile flowers.
the few flowers enclosed by glumes in Grasses.
a sharp woody process or thorn.
a hollow expansion of the basal part of a sepal or petal, connected with the nectary.
the male part of the flower, consisting of filament and anther.
a sterile stamen.
the upper (posterior) petal in Leguminosae.
the pollen-receiving part of the pistil.
leaf-like appendages at the base of the petioles, usually paired.
a loose procumbent stem, with buds that root at intervals.
a ventilating pore in the epidermis, with surrounding guard-cells.
the prolonged end of the ovary, bearing the stigma.
forming a less-marked feature of a botanical association or formation.
awl-shaped, tapered to a fine point.
an underground shoot producing a stem at the end.
plants that seek the light.
with reduced leaves, with green shoots serving as leaves.
when two plants are intimately associated for mutual benefit.
an ovary or fruit with the carpels joined.
a thread-like organ used for climbing.
a sensitive hair, as in Drosera.
round, in transverse section.
in threes, as of leaflets.
the receptacle of a flower.
with densely-matted woolly hair.
the giving off of aqueous vapour from leaves, etc. Trifid, divided into three parts nearly half-way. Trigonous, with three angles and three convex faces.
a subterranean fleshy shoot.
a small wart-like excrescence.
growing on humus or peat.
a state of tension in a cell due to osmotic pressure of the cell-sap and elastic tension of the cell-wall.
badly drained pastures, made up of tussocks which exclude other plants.
when clusters of stalked flowers radiate from a centre.
peltate, hollow from the stalk upward.
the lesser shrubs that lurk under scrub, etc. Unilateral, turned on one side.
opening by means of valves, of capsules.
the arrangement of the veins.
the arrangement of the leaves in a bud.
with long soft hair.
with parts arranged in a circle.
the xylem or hard lignified part of a stem.
fond of dry conditions.
plants used to dry conditions.
dispersed by animals.