This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
The habitat of this plant is dry heaths, and downs in the S.W. The plant has the grass habit. The stem is rigid, rough. The leaves are numerous, short, erect, rigid, bristle-like, with rolled-back margins, roughish, bluish-green. The sheaths are rough. The ligule is oblong, acute. The panicle is oblong, close, with short rough branches, and stalks. The glumes are unequal, acute. The empty glumes are rough, nearly awned. The flowering glume has a longer twisted awn, and two tufts of hairs at the base. The palea is very small. The plant is 1-2 ft. high, flowering in July and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is dry sandy places, pastures, etc, and heathy places. The plant has the grass habit. The leaves are narrow, green, with hairless sheaths. The panicle is close, oval, oblong, spike-like, blunt, narrowed, with short branches. The spikelets are 1-2 on each branch, hardly rounded below, narrow. The flowering glume has the tip divided into 2 nearly to the base, short, the awn from near the base of the palea, from below the middle. The plant is 1-6 in. high, flowering early (hence prcecox) from April to July, and is a herbaceous annual.
The habitat of this plant is dry grassy places, moors and dry pastures, and mountainous places. The habit is the grass habit. The stem is erect, roughish above, bent below. The root is fibrous, stoloniferous. The leaves are short, rough, with raised ribs, bluish-green, smooth, narrow, acute, flat or with inrolled margin. The lower sheaths are more or less smooth. The culm is smooth. The panicle is racemose, narrowed after flowering, usually simple, or with only one spikelet. The spikelets are pale, shining. The flowers are erect, 3-6, and exceed the glumes. The flowering glume is rough. The flower-stalk is silky. The awn is slightly bent, as long as the glume. The plant.is 1-2 ft. in height, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this grass is dry pastures, chalky and limestone areas. The plant has the grass habit. The stems are not so densely tufted as in the last, and creeping. The leaves are .flatter, short, rounded, behind the tip. The radical leaves are hairy. The culm is hairy below (hence pubescens). The panicle is erect, simple, the lower branches divided into five. The 2-3 erect flowers are longer than the glumes. The outer palea is jagged. The awns are spreading. The ligule is acute. The plant is 1-2 ft. high, flowering in June and July, and is a herbaceous perennial.
This plant is indigenous, and found on dry pastures, and moors, heaths, rough pastures, and dry places. The plant has the grass habit. The root is fibrous. The plant is prostrate. The stems are densely tutted, rigid, smooth, leafy. The leaves are flat, blunt, leathery, slender, at length inrolled, hairy below. The sheaths are grooved, the lower hairy. The ligule is a tuft of hairs. The panicle is erect, racemose. The spikelets are few, 6-10, turgid, oval, shining, pale-green, purplish. There are about 4 flowers extending beyond the glumes, without awns. The lower palea has 3 points (hence Triodia, an older generic name), and is 5-ribbed, and hairy below. The empty glumes are large, ovate, acute, with a rough keel, with membranous margins. The flowering glumes are ovoid, leathery, bearded below. The plant is 6-12 in. high, and flowers in July. It is a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this plant is calcareous pastures and hills, the hilly pastures, limestone districts on rocks, and pastures. The habit is the grass habit. The root is fibrous. The plant is tufted. The steins are erect, smooth. The leaves are narrow, linear, flat, bluish-green above, with a rough tip, blunt, the upper ones very short. The sheaths are flattened and split up into fibres. The ligules are short and fringed with hairs. The panicle is ovate to oblong, bluish-purple, more or less onesided. The florets are overlapping. The outer palea terminates in 4 teeth, the midrib being rough, ending in a point. There are long linear stigmas. The anthers are tipped with purple. The plant is 6-18 in. high, and flowers between April and June, being a herbaceous perennial.
The habitat of this grass is moors, wet moors, and wet heaths. The habit is the grass habit. The stems are wiry, round in section, finely furrowed, with a single node below, above naked. The leaves are flat, long, linear, narrow, tufted, rigid, hairy below, the tip slender. There is no ligule. The sheaths are without hairs. The panicle is erect, long and narrow, stout, with a wavy rachis and erect branches, purple (hence ccerulea). The spike is 1-3-flowered, narrow, purple, the empty glumes acute, the lower palea 3-veined, without an awn. The flowering glumes are deciduous, ovate to lance-shaped. The anthers are violet-brown. The plant is 1-4 ft. in height. It flowers in July and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.
Fcstuca bromoides, L. (= F. sciuroides, Roth). - This grass grows on dry heaths, often where the soil is calcareous. The stem is naked below. The leaves are bristle-like, linear. The upper sheath is far distant. The panicle is erect to spreading, contracted, oblong. The spikelets are arranged one side of the rachis, branched or spiked. The flowering glumes are awned, the glumes somewhat unequal. The plant is 4 in. to 2 ft. in height. It flowers from June to August, and is a herbaceous annual.