Corn Parsley (Carum Segetum, Benth. And Hook. Fil.)

The habitat of this plant is hedgebanks, waste places, damp calcareous fields, and near the sea. The plant has the rosette habit, with radical leaves. The stem is smooth, erect, branched, rounded, nearly leafless above, finely furrowed, solid. The lower leaves have lobes each side of a common stalk, and are oblong, the leaflets nearly stalkless, egg-shaped, lobed, scalloped, coarsely toothed. The upper leaves are entire or divided into three. The flowers are whitish, in a drooping umbel, small, and irregular, the rays unequal. The bracts and bracteoles are linear or awl-like. The general involucre consists of 1-2 bracts. The fruit is egg-shaped. The styles are short and erect. The plant is 1-3 ft. high, flowering from June to September, and is a herbaceous perennial, annual, or biennial.

Hedge Honewort (Sison Amontum, L.)

The habitat of this plant is hedgebanks, moist places, damp places on a calcareous soil. The plant is similar to the last in habit, etc, but the radical leaves are larger and more coarsely toothed. The root is spindle-shaped. The stem is erect, branched, panicled, slender, leafy, solid. The radical leaves have lobes each side of a common stalk, the upper are divided into narrow lobes, and the leaflets are oblong, toothed, cut. The flowers are small, white, in compound, irregular, terminal or axillary umbels, with few, slender, unequal rays. The bracts and bracteoles are 2-4, short, awl-like. The petals are inversely heart-shaped, with a deep notch, the point long, hooded. The styles are short, bent back. The lobes of the disk are thick, depressed. The plant is 2-3 ft. high, flowering late in August, and is a herbaceous biennial.

Great Burnet Saxifrage (Pimpinella Viagna, L.)

The habitat of this plant is bushy waste places, shady hills, and woods. The habit is erect. The stem is angular, leaf)-, finely furrowed. The leaves all have lobes each side of a common stalk, the leaflets egg-shaped, toothed, cut, the terminal one 3-lobed, the lateral 3-lobed, broad, membranous, those of the radical leaves egg-shaped, nearly heart-shaped, of the stem-leaves narrower. The radical leaflets are stalked. The flowers are white, in a broad umbel, the outer flowers complete, the inner male. The styles are longer than the ovary, or as long as the fruit, which is oval. The plant is 1-4 ft. high, flowering in July and August, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Wild Chervil (Chcerophyllum Temulum, L.)

The habitat of this plant is fields, banks, roadsides, hedges, and waste places. The habit is erect, the stem being swollen below each node, spotted with purple, stiffly hairy, branched, grooved, solid, round and rough below, the hairs above bent downwards. The leaflets are egg-shaped, entire, the leaves triangular, bipinnate. The flowerheads are wide, with small, white florets. The short, spreading styles equal the fleshy disk on the top of the ovary. The fruit is egg-shaped, flattened upwards. The plant is 1-3 ft. high, flowering between April and July (I have found it in flower as late as November), and is a herbaceous perennial or biennial.

Beaked Parsley (Anthriscus Vulgaris, Bernh. = Anthriscus Scandix, Beck.)

The habitat of this plant is hedgebanks, roadsides, sunny places on dry soil. The habit is erect. The stem is branched, hairless, leafy, hollow, swollen below the nodes. The leaves are thrice pinnate, the leaflets are egg-shaped, divided nearly to the base, the segments are short, blunt, slightly hairy. The flowers are small, in lateral, stalked umbels, the rays unequal. There are no bracts, short, oblong bracteoles. The partial involucre consists of a few leaflets fringed with hairs. The fruit is egg-shaped, hairy, with hooked bristles, the beak short, smooth. The ultimate flower-stalks have a ring of hairs. The styles are short. The plant is 1-3 ft. high, flowering in May and June, and is a herbaceous biennial.

Wild Chervil (Anthriscus Sylvestris, Hoffm.)

The habitat of this plant is hedgebanks, hedges, and banks, woods, and shaded places. The habit is erect. The stem is branched, hairy below, smooth above, stout, erect, hollow, furrowed, leafy, swollen below the nodes. The leaves are twice to thrice pinnate, the leaflets are divided nearly to the base. The bracteoles are oblong, lance-shaped, fringed with hairs, green, spreading or turned back, pink. The flowers are white, in terminal stalked umbels, drooping at first, with a partial involucre of several leaflets, egg-shaped, lance-shaped, fringed with hairs. The petals are oblong, inversely egg-shaped, hardly notched, hooded. The fruit is smooth, shining, narrowed to the tip. The plant is 2-3 ft. high, flowering from April to June, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Great Hartwort (Tordylium Maximum, L.)

The habitat of this plant is hedgebanks, waste places. The plant is of erect habit. The plant is hairy with short hairs turned back on the stem, which is slender, erect, hollow, grooved. The leaves are pinnate. The leaflets are in 1-3 pairs, deeply divided nearly to the base, oblong-lance-shaped, cut, toothed, the leaf-stalk sheathed. The bracts and bracteoles are short and stiff, 6-8. The flowers are stalkless, pink, in a small, crowded umbel, with 6-8 rays, stout, short, hairy. The partial involucres are linear, shorter than the umbel. The outermost petals are radiant, with 2 equal lobes. The fruit is hairy, the margin scalloped, hairless, thickened, oblong. The styles are short, stiff, and erect. The plant is 1-2 ft. high, flowering from June to July, and is a herbaceous perennial.